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SCHOOL OF SCIENCES
Name Post CUG No Email Id CV
Dr. Ashutosh Gupta Director 7525048002 ashutosh3333@gmail.com View
Dr. Shruti Assistant Professor(Statistics) 7525048051 drshruti.uprtu@gmail.com View
Ms. Marisha Assistant Professor 7525048133 tmarisha17@gmail.com View
Shri. Manoj Kumar Balwant Assistant Professor 7525048125 balwantuoh89@gmail.com View
Dr. Dinesh Kumar Gupta Consultant 7525048053 guptadines@gmail.com View
SCHOOL OF SCIENCE
The School of Science was started in 1999 with a view to provide undergraduate and post graduate students a prospect to be a component of the distinctive learning methodology of the university, which lays prominence on academic excellence. The significance of science to the mankind has been effectively summarized by Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, as “Science, more Science and still more Science is needed to lay the strong foundations for the development and growth of an individual, a society, a nation and the world.” The aim of School of Science is to achieve excellence in all fields of sciences.
Mission and Vision
The mission of School of Science is to present science as a well-argued and systematic inspection, identification, depiction, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of usual phenomena. Application of these principles in the natural sciences to include Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Zoology, Biochemistry, Computer Science and Statistics will be emphasized. The School of Science is a complete, student-oriented science faculty where research and education are closely related. The School will strain the significance of significant thinking and consistent reasoning using various methods of exploration, such as observation, assessment, experimentation, and mathematical manipulation of data. The School of Science is also dedicated to the notion that science has a matter-of-fact application and has to be understood in a larger intellectual context. It is through investigation that students are able to outlook science as an interdisciplinary study appropriate to society.
        In addition, the School of Science serves as a resource to the neighboring society and beyond through seminars, conferences, workshops and training programs facilitated by our faculty. The School faculty is dedicated to serving students to become leaders in the service of others, as educators, scientists and in other professions.
 Faculty Members
  • Prof. (Dr.) Ashutosh Gupta , Director,  School of Science
  • Dr. Shruti, Sr. Assistant Professor (Statistics), School of Science
  • Ms. Marisha, Assistant Professor (Computer Science), School of Science
  • Mr. Manoj Kumar Balwant, Assistant Professor (Computer Science), School of Science
  • Dr. Dinesh Kumar Gupta, Academic Consultant (Chemistry), School of Science
The School of Science offers following programmes under the CBCS credit system:
Programme offered by School of Science
Doctoral (Regular Mode Only)
  • Ph.D. –Computer Science
  • Ph.D. –Statistics
Post Graduate Programme
  • M.Sc. - Statistics [M.Sc. (STAT)] / M. A. (Statistics) [MASTAT]
  • M.Sc.- Computer Science [M.Sc.(CS)]
  • M.Sc.- Bio-Chemistry [PGBCH]
Under Graduate Programme
  • B.Sc. (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Zoology, Botany, Statistics, Computer Science, Bio-Chemistry)
Post Graduate Diploma Programme
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Bio-Statisctics and Demography [PGDBSD]
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Bio-Statisctics and Population Studies [PGDBSPS]
Diploma Programme
  • Diploma in Applied Statistics and Computer [DASC]
  • Diploma In Vedic Mathematics [DVM]
Certificate Programme
  • Certificate in Applied Statistics and Computer [CASC]
  • Certificate in Forensic Science [CFS]
  • Certificate Course in Computer Animation [CCCA] Certificate Course in Web Designing and Development [CCWD] Certificate Programme in Laboratory Technique [CPLT] Certificate in Vedic Mathematics Two year certificate course in Single Subject-Science (CCSS-Sc.)

Year

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

Compulsory Elective

Compulsory Core Course

1st year

207

UGMM-01

Calculus

4

8

Compulsory

209

UGMM-04

Elementary Algebra

2

210

UGMM-05

Analytical Geometry

2

2nd year

208

UGMM-02

Linear Algebra

4

8

Compulsory

213

UGMM-08

Differential Equations

4

3rd year

211

UGMM-06

Abstract Algebra

4

8

Compulsory

214

UGMM-09

Real Analysis

4

Discipline Centric Elective Course (Select any two Papers)

 

212

UGMM-07

Advance Calculus

4

Elective

215

UGMM-10

Numerical Analysis

4

216

UGMM-11

Probability & Statistics

4

217

UGMM-12

Linear Programming

4

218

UGMM-13

Discreet Mathematics

4

219

UGMM-14

Mathematics Modeling

4

Compulsory Foundation Course

1st year

2700

UGFODL

Foundation Course in Open and Distance Learning

Non-credit

Compulsory

2nd year

012

CHEQ/EA

Foundation Course in Enviroment Awarness

Non-credit

Compulsory

3rd year

003

UGFIT

Foundation Course in Information Technology

Non-credit

Compulsory

Elective foundation Course

1st year

001

UGFHS

Foundation Course in Humanities and Social Science

4

Elective

2nd year

004

or

005

UGFEG
or

UGFHD

 

 

Foundation Course in English
or

Foundation course in Hindi

4
or

4

3rd yea

2501
or
007
or
009
or

2701

DM
or
AOCHE
Or
AOCNC
Or

SWM

Foundation course in disaster management
or
Human Environment
or
Nutrition for the Community
Or

Solid waste Management 

4
or
4
or
4
or

4

Skill Based Programs (select  either in 2nd year or in 3rd  year)

Either in 2nd year
Or

                                in 3rd  year

2651
or
2656
or
2657
or

2658

UGSSC-01
or
UGSSC-06
or
UGSSC-07
or

UGSSC-08

Microsoft Office and Internet
or
Programming & Problem Solving Using ‘C’ Language
or
Fundamental of Computer and IT
or
Computer Network and Security Maintenance

8
or
8
or
8
or

8

Elective

 UGMM-01
Calculus

Block-I    Real Numbers and Functions

Basic properties of R, Absolute value, Intervals on the real line, Functions (Definition and examples), Inverse functions, Graphs of functions, Operations on functions, Composite of functions, Even and odd functions, Monotone functions, Periodic functions.

Definition of limits, Algebra of limits, Limits as  (or ), One-sided limits, Continuity (Definitions and Examples, Algebra of continuous functions)

Definition of derivative of a function, Derivatives of some simple functions, Algebra of derivatives, The chain rule, Continuity versus derivability.

Derivatives of the various trigonometric functions, Derivatives of inverse function, The inverse function theorem, Derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions, Use of transformations. Derivative of exponential function, Logarithmic functions, Hyperbolic functions, Inverse hyperbolic functions, Methods of differentiation (Derivative of xr, Logarithmic Differentiation, Derivatives of functions defined in terms of a parameter, Derivatives of implicit functions.  

Block-II     Drawing Curves

Second and third order derivatives, nth order derivatives, Leibniz theorem, Taylor’s series and Maclaurin’s series  Maxima-minima of functions (Definitions and examples, a necessary condition for the existence of extreme points), Mean value theorems (Rolle’s theorem, Lagrange’s mean value theorem), Sufficient conditions for the existence of extreme points (First derivative test, Second derivative test), Concavity/convexity, Points of inflection. Equation of tangents and normals, Angles of intersection of two curves, Tangents at the origin, Classifying singular points, Asymptotes (Parallel to the axes, Oblique asymptotes).  Graphing a function, Tracing a curve (given its Cartesian equation, or in parametric form, or Polar equation. 

Block-III    Integral Calculus

 

Block-IV  Application of Calculus

Monotonic functions, Inequalities, Approximate value. Area under a curve (Cartesian equation, Polar equations), Area bounded by a closed curve, Numerical integration.  (Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rule). Length of a plane curve (Cartesian form, Parametric form, Polar form), Volume of a solid of revolution, Area of surface of revolution.

UGMM-02
Linear Algebra

Block-I Vector Space
Sets, subsets, union and intersection of sets, Venn diagrams, Cartesian product, relations, functions, composition of functions, binary operations, fields. Plane and space vectors, addition and scalar multiplication of vectors, scalar product, orthonormal basis, vector equations of a line, plane and sphere. Definition and basic properties, subspaces, linear combination, algebra of subspaces, quotient spaces. Linear independence and some results about it, basic results about basis and dimension, completion of a linearly independent set to a basis, dimension of subspaces and quotient spaces.

Block-II Linear Transformation and Matrices
Definitions and examples of linear transformation, kernel, range space, rank and nullity, Homomorphism theorems. L (U, V), the dual space, composition of transformations, the minimal polynomial. Definition of a matrix, matrix associated to a linear transformation, the vector space Mmxn(F), transpose, conjugate, diagonal and triangular matrices, matrix multiplication, inverse of a matrix, matrix of a change of basis. Rank of a matrix, elementary operations, row-reduced echelon matrices, applying row reduction to obtain the inverse of a matrix and for solving a system of linear equations.

Block-III Eigen Values and Eigenvectors
Definition and properties, product formula, matrix adjoint and its use for obtaining inverses, Cramer’s rule, determinant rank. Definition and how to obtain them, diagonalisation. Cayley- Hamilton theorem, minimal polynomial’s properties. Definition, norm of a vector, orthogonality.

Block-IV Inner Production and Quadratic Forms
Linear functionals of inner product spaces, adjoint of an operator, self-adjoint and unitary operators, Hermitian and unitary matrices. Definitions, representation as matrix product, transformation under change of basis, rank of a form, orthogonal and normal canonical reductions Definitions, standard equations, description and some geometrical properties of an ellipse, a hyperbola and parabola, the general reduction.

UGMM-04
Elementary Algebra

Block-I  Solutions of Polynomial Equations
Definition and examples of sets and subsets, Venn diagrams, Complementation, Intersection, Union, Distributive laws, De Morgan’s laws, Cartesian product
What a complex number is, Geometrical representation, Algebraic operations, De Moivre’s theorem, Trigonometric identities, Roots of a complex number Recall of solutions of linear & quadratic equations, Cubic equations (Cardano’s solution, Roots and their relation with coefficients), Biquadratic equations (Ferrari’s solution, Descartes’ solution, Roots and their relation with coefficients.APPENDIX:  Some mathematical symbols (Implication, two-way implication, for all, their exists), Some methods of proof (Direct proof, contrapositive proof, proof by contradiction, proof by counter-example). Linear systems, Solving by substitution, Solving by elimination. Definition of a matrix, Determinants, Cramer’s rule. Inequalities known to the ancients (Inequality of the means, Triangle inequality), Less ancient inequalities (Cauchy-Schwarz inequality, Weierstrass’ inequalities, Tchebyshev’s inequalities.

UGMM-05
Analytical Geometry

Block-I Conies
Equations of a line, Symmetry, Change of axes (Translating the axes, rotating the axes), Polar coordinates. Focus-directrix property, Description of standard form of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola; Tangents and Normals of parabola, ellipse, hyperbola; Polar equation of conics. General second degree equation, Central and non-central conics, tracing a conic (Central conics, Parabola), Tangents, Intersection of conics.

Block-II Sphere, Cone and Cylinder
Points, Lines (Direction cosines, Equations of a straight line, Angle between two lines), Planes (Equations of a plane, Intersecting planes and lines). Equations of a sphere, Tangent lines and planes, Two intersecting spheres, Spheres through a given circle Cones, Tangent plane to a cone, Cylinders.

Block-III Conicoids
Definition of a conicoid, Change of axes (Translation of axes, projection, Rotation of Axes), Reduction to standard form. A conicoid’s centre, Classification of central conicoids, Ellipsoid, Hyperboloid of one sheet, Hyperboloid of two sheets, Intersection with a line or a plane.Standard equation, Tracing the paraboloids, Intersection with a line or a plane

UGMM-06
Abstract Algebra

Block-I Elementary Group Theory
Sets, Cartesian Product, Relations, Functions, Some number theory – Principle of induction and divisibility in Z. Binary operations, Definition of a group, Properties of a Group, Some details of Zn, Sn, C, and divisibility in Z. Binary operations, Definition of a group, Properties of a Group, Some details of Zn, Sn, C, and appendix on some properties of complex numbers. Subgroups and their properties, Cyclic groups. Cosets; Statement, proof and applications of Lagrange’s theorem.

Block-II Some More Group Theory
Definition and standard properties of normal subgroups, Quotient groups. Definition and examples, Isomorphisms, Isomorphism theorems, Automorphisms. Definition, Examples, Cayley’s theorem. Direct product, Sylow theorems (without proof), Classifying groups of order 1 to 10.

Block-III Elementary ring Theory
Elementary properties, Examples of commutative and non-commutative rings and rings with and without identity. Definitions, Examples, Standard properties, Quotient Rings (in the context of commutative rings.

Block-IV Integral Domains and Fields
Definition and properties of integral domains, Fields, Prime and maximal ideals, Fields of quotients. Examples, Division Algorithm and Roots of Polynomials. Euclidean domain, PID, UFD. Eisenstein’s criterion, Prime fields, Finite fields.

UGMM-07
Advanced Calculus

 

UGMM-08
Differential Equations

Block-I Ordinary Differential Equations of First Order
Basic concepts in the theory of differential equations, Family of curves and differential equations, Differential Equations arising from physical situations.Separation of Variables, Homogeneous equations, Exact equations, Integrating factors. Classification of first order differential equations (DE), General solutions of linear non-homogeneous equation, Method of Undetermind coefficient, Method of Variation of Parameters, Equations reducible to linear form, Applications of linear DEs. Equations Which can be factorized, Equations which cannot be factorized (Solvable for x, y, independent variable absent,homogeneous in x and y, Clairaut’s and Riccati’s equations.

Block-II Second and Higher Order Ordinary
General form of linear ordinary differential equation, Condition for the existence of unique solution, linear dependence and independence of the solution of DEs, Method of solving homogeneous equation with constant coefficients. Types of non-homogeneous terms for which the method is applicable (polynomial, exponential, sinusoidal etc.), Observations and Constraints of the method. Variation of parameters, Reduction of order, Euler’s equations. Differential operators, General method of finding Particular Integral (PI), Short method of finding PI, Euler's equations.  Method of changing independent Variable, Method of changing dependent variable, Applications – Mechanical Vibrations, Electric Circuits.

Block-III First Order Partial Differential Equations
Frames of reference for curves and surfaces, Basic concepts in 2-dimensions, Curves and surfaces in space Formation of simultaneous DEs, Existence and Uniqueness, Methods of solution of

 

UGMM-09
Real Analysis

Block-I  Real numbers and Functions
Sets and functions, system of real numbers, mathematical induction
Order relations in real numbers, algebraic structure (ordered field, complete ordered field), countability. Neighbourhood of a point, open sets, limit point of a set (Bulzano-Weiertrass Theorem), closed sets, compact sets (Heine-Borel Theorem, without proof) . Algebraic functions, transcendental functions, some special functions.

Block-II   Sequences and Series
Sequences,  bounded sequences, monotonic sequences, convergent sequences, criteria for the convergence of sequences, cauchy sequences, algebra of convergent sequences.
Infinite series, general tests of convergence, some special tests of convergence (D’Alembert’s ratio test, Cauchy’s integral test, Raabe’s test, Gauss’s test Alternating series (Leitnitz’s test), absolute and conditional convergence, rearrangement of series.

Block-III  Limit and Continuity
Notion of limit (finite limits, Infinite limits, sequential limits), algebra of limits
Continuous functions, algebra of continuous functions, non-continuous functions Continuity on bounded closed intervals, pointwise continuity and uniform continuity. Derivative of a function (geometrical interpretation), differentiability and continuity, algebra of derivatives, sign of a derivatives. Rolle’s theorem, mean value theorems (Lagrange, Cauchy and generalised mean value theorems), intermediate value theorem for derivatives (Darboux theorems). Taylor’s theorem, Maclaurin’s expansion, indeterminate forms, extreme values.

Block-IV   Differentiability

Riemann integrability, Riemann integrable functions, Algebra of integrable functions, computing an integral. Properties of Riemann integral, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, mean value theorems. Sequences of functions, Pointwise convergence, uniform convergence (Cauchy’s criterion), series of functions.

UGMM-10
Numerical Analysis

Block-I Solutions of Non-Linear Equations in one Variable
Review of Calculus- Intermediate Value Theorem Roll’s Theorem Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorem, Taylor’s Theorem, Round off Error Truncation Error; Iteration Methods for Findind Roots- Initial Approxmation to a Root, Bissction Method, Fixed Point Iteration Method Chord Methods for Finding Roots- Regula Falsi Method, Newton Raphson Method Convergence Criterion; Approximate Roots of Polynomial Equations- Birge Vieta Method Graeffe’s Root Squaring Method

Block-II Solutions of Linear Algebraic Equations
Direct Methods- Proliminaries Cramer’s Rule, Gauss, Elimination Method, LU Decomposition Method; Inverse of Square :Matrix- Method of Adjoints, The Gaurs- Jordon Reduction Method, LU Decomposition Method; Iterative Method- General Iteratia Method, Jacobi Iteration Method, The Gauss- Seidel Iteration Method ; Eigen Values and Eigen Vectors- The Eigen Value Problem, the Power Method, The Inverse
power method.

Block-IV Interpolation
Lagrange’s Form; Newton Form of the Interpolating Polynomial; Interpolation at Equally Spaced Points- Forward and Back ward Differences, Newton’s Forward and Backward Difference Formula.

Block-V Numerical Differentiation, Integration and Solutions of Differentiation Equations
Numerical Differentiation ; Numerical Integration; Numerical Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations- Taylor Series Method, Euler’s Method, Richardson’s Extrapolation Numerical Solutions of Numerical Equations Using runge- Kutta Methods- 2nd,3rd,and 4th Order.

UGMM-11
Probability and Statistics

Block-I Descriptive Statistics
Frequency Distribution of a Character; Measure of Central Tendency and Dispersion; Skewness and Kurtosis; Correlation and Regression.

Block-02 Probability on Discrete Sample Spaces
Sample Space of a Random Experiment ; Probability on a Discrete Sample; Discrete Random Variable and its Probability Distribution- Random Variable, Joint and Marginal Distribution and its independence, Mathematical Expectation, Moments and Moments Generating Functions, Covariance; Standard Probability Distribution-I- Bernaulli Distribution, Binomial Distribution,

Hyper geometric Distribution ;
Standard Probability Distribution-II- Geometric Distribution, Negative Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution.

Block-III Distribution Theory
Univariable Distributions- Distribution Functions, Density Functions, Expectation and Variance, Momeats and Moments Generating Functions.; Standard Continues Distributions- Normal Distribution, Exponential and Gamma Distribution, Beta Distribution.; Bivariate Distribution Density Functions, Distribution Functions, Conditional Distribution, Independnee Expections Correlation and Regression.; Functions Random Variables- Direct Approach Transformation Approach, Chi-Squala Distribution, Independnee Expectations, Correlation and Regression Limit Theorms- Chebyshev’s Inequality, Weak Law of Large Numbers, Poisson Approximation to Binomial, Central Limit Theorem.

Block-IV Elements of Statistical Inference
General Introduction- Inductive Inference, Random Sampling, Sampling Distributions, Related to Normal Distribution, Point Extimation Testing of Hypothesis, Interval Estimation Point Extimation- Properties of Estimators, Method of Moments, Method of Maximum Likelihood. Testing of Hypotheses- Some Concepts, Meyman- Pearson Lemma, Likelihood- Ratio Tests Common Tests and Confidence Intervals- Some Common Tests of Hypothesis for Normal Populations, Confidence Intervals, Chi- Square test for Goodness of Fit. 

UGMM-12
Linear Programming

Block-I Basic Mathematics and Optimization
Basic Algebra- Matrices and Determinants, Vector; Inequalties and Convex Sets; Optimization in two Variables; Optimization in More Than Two Variables

Block-II Simplex Method and Duality
Standard Form and Solutions ;Simplex Method; Primal and Dual; Duality Theorems

Block-III Special Linear Programming Problems
Transportation Problem ; Feasible Solution of the Transportation; The Assignment Problem

Block-IV Game Theory
Games With Pure Strategies; Games With Mixed Strategies; Graphical Method and Dominance;
Games and Linear Programming

UGMM-13
Discrete Mathematics

Block-I    Elementary Logic
Prepositional Calculus- Propositions, Logical Connectives, Logical Equivalence, Logical Quantifiers Methods of Proof- Direct Proof, Indirect Proof, Counterexamples, Principle of Induction Boolean Algebra and Circuits- Boolean Algebra, Boolean Expressions, Logic Circuits Boolean Functions

Block-II   Basic Combinatorics
Combinatories An Introduction- Multiplications and Addition Principles, Permutations, Combinations, Binomial Expansion, Multinomial Expansion ; Partitions and Distributions More About Counting- Pigeon Hole Principle, Inclusion Exclusion Principle, Application to Number Theory, Application to Onto Maps, Application to Probability, Applications to Derangements

Block-III  Recurrences
Recurrences Relations; Generating Functions- Exponential, Generating Functions, Linear Equations, Combinatorial Identities; Soloving Recurrences- Linear Homogeneous Recurrences, Linear Non Homogeneous Recurrences, Method of Inspection Method of Telescoping Sume, Method of Iteration, Method of Substitution

Block-V  Graph Theory
Basic Properties of Graphs; Special Graphs- Connected Graphs, Bipartite Graph, Trees Eulerian and Hamiltonian Graphs- Eulerian Graphs Fleury’s Algorithm, Hamiltonian Graphs, Travelling Salesperson Problem; Graph Colorings and Planar Graphs- Vertex Colorings, Planar Graphs, Map Coloring Problem, Edge Colorings.

UGMM-14
Mathematical Modeling

Block-I Introduction to Mathematical Modeling
Mathematical Modeling- An Overview ; Formulating A Model; Solving and Interpreting a Model

Block-II Mathematical Modeling in the Physical Environment
Motion in a Straight Line- Free Fall of a Body, Upward Motion Under Gravity, Simple Harmonic Motion, Projectile Motion. Planetary Motion- Netwon’s Law of Gravitation, Particle projected from the Earth, Central Forces, Modeling planetary Motion, Kepler’s Law Lead to Newton’s Law of Gravitation, Limitations ; Air Pollutions- Physical Process, Mathematical Model of Plane Rise, Gaussian Model of Dispersion.

Block-III Mathematical Modeling in the Biological Environment
Blood Flow and Oxygen Transfer; Single Species Population Models; Two Species Population Models; Epidemics

Block-IV Mathematical Modeling in Socio-Economic Environment
Some Models in Economics- Utility and Demand Function, Production Function and Cost Function, Supply Function, Market Equilibrium, Monopoly, Puopoly and Oligopoly Conflict and Cooperation- Some Games and its Applications, Two person and Zero-person Game, Co-operative and In-Co-Operative game Theory Investments- Markowitz Model, Return Valuations, Risk Valuations, Diversitications, Portfolio Selection \Probabilistic Models- Queneing Models, Queneing Theory Time Series Analysis, Forecesting Models.

D. ZOOLOGY

Year

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

Compulsory Elective

Compulsory Core Course

 

1st year

232

UGZY-01

 

Animal Diversity -I

3
3            8
2

Compulsory

233

UGZY-02

Animal Diversity -II

234

UGZY-03(L)

Animal Diversity: Lab Work Practical's Based on UGZY-01 & 02

2nd year

235

UGZY-05

Cell Biology

3
3            8
2

Compulsory

236

UGZY-06

Animal Ecology

241

UGZY-(L-1)

Practical's Based on UGZY-05 & 06

 

3rd year

237

UGZY-07

Genetics

3
3            8
2

Compulsory

238

UGZY-08

Animal Physiology

242

UGZY-(L-2)

 

Practical's Based on UGZY-07 & 08

 

Discipline-Centric Elective Course ( Select any two Papers)

 

239

UGZY-09

Developmental Biology

4

 

 

Elective

 

240

UGZY-10

Taxonomy and Evaluation

4

2778

UGZY-11

Statistical Methods

4

Compulsory Foundation Course

 

1st year

2700

UGFODL

Foundation Course in Open and Distance Learning

Non-credit

Compulsory

2nd year

012

CHEQ/EA

Foundation Course in Enviroment Awarness

Non-credit

Compulsory

3rd year

003

UGFIT

Foundation Course in Information Technology

Non-credit

Compulsory

Elective foundation Course

 

1st year

001

UGFHS

Foundation Course in Humanities and Social Science

4

 

Elective

 

2nd year

004

or
005

UGFEG
or

UGFHD

Foundation Course in English
or
Foundation course in Hindi

 

4
or
4

3rd year

2501
or
007
or
009
or
2701

DM
or
AOCHE
Or
AOCNC
Or
SWM

Foundation course in disaster management
or
Human Environment
or
Nutrition for the Community
Or
Solid waste Management 

4
or
4
or
4
or
4

Skill Based Programs (select  either in 2nd year or in 3rd  year)

Either in 2nd year
Or
 in 3rd  year

2651
or
2652
or
2654
or
2655

UGSSC-01
or
UGSSC-02
or
UGSSC-04
or
UGSSC-05

 

Microsoft Office and Internet
or
Introduction to Yoga & Its Stream
or
Diet Therapy
or
Public Health & Hygiene

8
or
8
or
8
or
8

 

Elective

 

UGZY-01
Animal Diversity-I

Block-01 Diversity of Animal Life-I (Organisation)
Matter - Living and Non-living, Chemistry of Living Matter, Specific Organisation, Metabolism, Growth and Development, Reproduction, Irritability, Adaptation, Homeostasis, Movement; Viruses- A Borderline case between Living and Non-living Things; Acellular and Cellular Organism, Cell Theory – Exceptions to the Cell Theory, Unified Cell Theory; Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes; Classification of Living Organisms – Species, Concepts in Classification, Binomial Naming of Organisms,Classification Systems – Two Kingdom Classification, Three and Four Kingdom Classification, Five Kingdom Classification, Limitations of Five Kingdom Classification, Interrelationships and Implications of Classification. Protozoans; General Characteristics, Structural Organisation and Function – Bodyform, Locomotor Organelles, Nutrition, Osmoregulation and Excretion, Respiration, Mechanisms for Response, Reproduction and Life Cycles, Encystment; Classification of Protozoa – Flagellated Protozoans, Amoeboid Protozoans, Spore forming Protozoans, Ciliated Protozoans; Parasitic Protozoans- Amoebae, Flagellates, Sporozoans, Ciliates. Levels of Body Organisation; Characteristics of Metazoa; Symmetry – Asymmetrical and Spherical, Radial and Biradial, Bilateral; Development Patterns – Cleavage, Fate of Blastopore; Germ Layers; Body Cavity-Pseudocoelom, Coelom; Cephalisation and Segmentation; Origin and Evolution of Metazoa – Syncytial Theory, Colonial Theory, Polyphyletic Theory.

Block-II Diverstiy of Animal Life-II (Classification)
Metazoan branches – Metazoa, Parazoa and Eumetazoa; Parazoa: Phylum Porifera - Sponges, Characteristic features, Classification; Phylum Cnidaria- Characteristic features, Classification, Coral Reefs; Phylum Ctenophora – Characteristic features, Classification; Phylum – Platyhelminthes – Characteristic features, Classification. Pseudocoelomata: Phylum Nematoda – Characteristic features, Classification; Phylum Rotifera – Characteristic features, Classification. Coelomata: Eucoelomata: Phylum Annelida, Coelom, Metamerism, Characteristic features, Classification; Phylum Arthropoda – Trilobitomorpha, Chelicerata, Crustacea, Uniramia; Phylum Onychophora; Phylum Mollusca – Monoplacophora, Polyplacophora, Aplacophora, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Scaphopoda, Cephalopoda; Phylum Echinodermata – Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, Echinoidea, Holothuriodea, Crinoidea; Other Phyla. Skeleton – Exoskeleton, Endoskeleton, Hydroskeleton; Polymorphism – Polymorphism in Cnidaria, Polymorphism in Insecta.

Block-III Comparative Forms and Functions
Locomotion; Significance of Hydraulic Pressure in Locomotion, Locomotion in Coelenterates, Locomotion in Flatworms, Nematodes, Annelida – Body Musculature, Hydrostatic Skeleton, Locomotor Structures, Mechanics of Locomotion; Arthropoda, Mollusca – Foot as a Creeping and Crawling Organ, Foot as a Burrowing Organ, Foot as a Leaping Organ, Foot as a Swimming Organ; Locomotion in Echinodermata. Nutrition in Non-Chordates – Feeding and Digestion in Sponges, Coelenterates, Flatworms, Annelids, Molluscs, Echinoderms, Arthropods; Excretion in Non-Chordates – Protonephridia and Metanephridia, Malpighian Tubules, Coelomoducts of Molluscs; Osmoregulation in Freshwater Non-Chordates and in Marine Non-Chordates, Water Conservation in Terrestrial Non-Chordates. Respiratory Systems – Respiratory Organs, Process of Respiration, Respiratory Pigments; Circulatory System – Open type and Closed type of Circulatory Systems. Organisation of Nervous System – Nerve Cell, Neuroglia, Ganglia, Nerves; Primitive Nervous System: Nerve Net; Advanced Nervous Systems – Platyhelminthes, Annelids, Arthropods and Molluscs; Giant Nerve Fibre; Information Processing; Receptors – Properties, Mechanoreceptors, Chemoreceptors, Photoreceptors. Endocrine versus Neural Integration; Endocrine Organs – Neurosecretory Cells and the Concept of Neurosecretion, Neurosecretory Systems, Endocrine Organs; Hormones in Growth and Reproduction – Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda; Hormones Controlling other Functions. Asexual Reproduction – Binary Fission, Multiple Fission, Fragmentation, Budding, Strobilation, Formation of Special Reproductive Units – The Gemmules; Regeneration; Autotomy and Regeneration, Epitoky, Polarity and Regeneration; Asexual Reproduction. Prevalence and Significance; Sexual Reproduction – The Gametes and Significance of Sexual Reproduction, Sexual Dimorphism, Patterns of sexual reproduction, The Reproductive Organs, Accessory Sex Glands, Mating and Fertilization, Ovipary, Vivipary and ovovivipary; Hermaphroditism; Parthenogenesis; Alternation of generations; Reproduction, Life Cycles and Larval Forms.

Block-IV Adaption and Behaviour Pattern
Solitary and Colonial Forms – Colonial Forms Among Protozoans and Metazoans; Adaptive radiations, Adaptive Radiations in Annelida, Arthropoda and Mollusca, Flight in Insects; Migration in Insects. Taxis and Kinesis; Biological Rhythms – Control of Biorhythms, Biological Clock; Communication Behaviour – Visual Signals, Mechanical Signals, Chemical Signals, Communication among Honeybees, Dance Language; Courtship Behaviour – Need for Courtship Behaviour, Sex Differences in Courtship Behaviour, Visual, Mechanical and Chemical Displays, Nuptial Gifts, Sperm Competition and Mate Guarding, Alternative Tactics of Mate Competition, Rejection and Deceit in Courtship; Social Organisation in Insects – Advantages and Disadvantages of Social Behaviour, Social Wasps, Ants, Honey Bees, Termites; Parasitism – Types of Parasites, Effects of Parasitism on Parasites. Parasitic Platyhelminthes – Class Monogenea, Class Trematoda, Class Cestoidea; Parasitic Nemathelminthes – Class Nematoda; Injurious and Harmful Arthropods – Arachnids of Medical, Veterinary and Agricultural Importance, Insects of Medical, Veterinary and Agricultural Importance, House Hold Insects. Beneficial Nature of Non-Chordates; Phylum Arthropoda and Mollusca as source of food; Kinds of Honey Bees, Production of Honey, Composition of honey, Honey produced; Non Chordates yielding Industrial Products – Silk, Lac, Beewax, Shells, Pearls, Precious Corals, Sponges, Dyes and Pigments; Uses of Non-chordates; Agriculture, Soil, fertility; Non-chordates as pollinators and Destroyers of pests; Non-Chordates as Components in Food Chains and as Scavengers.

UGZY-02
Animal Diversity-II

Block-01 Diversity in Chordates
Phylum Hemichordata–Basic Adaptive Features, Affinities; Phylum Chordata: General Characters, Classification, Basic Adaptive Features, Affinities; Ancestry and Evolutionary Trends. Agnatha: General Characters and Classification; Pisces: General Characters and Classification; Some Common Fresh Waster Fishes of India; Class Amphibia: Salient Features and General Organisation. Reptiles: Origin and Adaptive Radiation, Changes in Traditional Classification, Classification of Extant Reptiles, Main Characteristics, Distinguishing Features of Reptiles as Compared to Amphibians; Birds: Ancestry and Evolution, Classification, Characteristics, Form and Function, Social Behaviour of Birds. Mammals: General Characters and Classification; Natural History: Monotremata/Prototheria, Marsupialia, Eutheria, Primates, Economic Importance; Evolution and Affinities; Threatened Species in India.

Block-II Function Anatomy of Chordates-II
Integument: Embryonic Origin; General Features of the Integument, Integument of Fishes, Tetrapods; Specialized Derivatives of the Integument–Nails, claws, Hooves, Horns, Antlers, Baleen, Scale. Dentition (Comparative Account of Dental Formula); Feeding Mechanisms: Fishes and Amphibians, Reptiles and Birds, Mammals; Digestive System in Non-mammalian Vertebrates: Fishes and Amphibians, Reptiles and Birds; Digestive System in Mammals. Respiratory System of Aquatic Vertebrates: Amphioxus, Cyclostomes, Fishes, Accessory Respiratory Organs in Fishes, Amphibians; Respiration in Terrestrial Vertebrates: Fishes with Lungs, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, Mammals; Voice Apparatus. Heart: Protochordate, Piscine, Early Tetrapod, Ectotherm and Endotherm Heart; Arterial System: Aortic Arches, Venous System; Embryonic Development of Cardiovascular System; Blood: Composition, Respiratory Pigments; Lymphatic System.

Block-III Functions Anatomy of Chordates-II

Urinary System in Protochrodates and Vertebrates; Embryonic Development; Uriniferous Tubules; Kidney: Structure, Phylogeny, Sucession of Kidney; Functions of Urinary System; Variation in Plan. Genital System: Embryonic origin, Functions, Genital System in Protochordates. Male Genital System: Testes, Accessory Sex Glands, Intromittent Organ. Female Genital Organs; Ovary, Ducts, External Genitilia, Mammary Apparatus. Survey of Gonads in Vertebrates. Nervous System; Central, Peripheral, Autonomic Nerves, Brain: Comparative Structure; Sense Organs; Specialised Sense Organs. Skeletal system: Cartilage and Bones; Classification of Skeleton: Axial and Appendicular; Skeleton of Frog and Rabbit: Skull, Ribs and Sternum, Skeleton of Limbs; Functional Adaptations. Endocrine Glands in Mammals: Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Pancreas, Adrenals, Gastrointestinal and Gonadial Hormones; Endocrine Glands in Agnatha, Fishes, Amphibians, Reptilians, Birds.

Block-IV Adaptations & Behavioural Patterns
Definition of Behaviour; Importance of Studying Behaviour; Bases of Behaviour. Causes of Behaviour: Anatomical, Physiological, Ecological, Genetic; Innate Behaviour; Learning and Experience, Associative
Learning, Extinction, Habituation, Latent and Insight Learning, Imprinting; Evolution of Behaviour; Adaptiveness of Behaviour. Organisation of Behaviour: Neural Command Centers, Rhythmic, Hormones;
Social Organisation, Costs and Benefits, Types, Primate Social Organisation; Communication; Types of signals, Migratory Behaviour. Adaptive Behaviour: Colouration; Mimicry; Biolumeniscence; Defence in
Animals; Echolocation in Bats, Mammals and Birds, Locomotion in Vertebrates–Basic Plan in Water, Air, Ground.

UGZY-03
Animal Diversity Lab

Block-I
Unit-01 Non- Chordates (Practical Based On UGZY-01&02)

Block-II
Unit-02 Chordates (Practical Based On UGZY-01&02)

UGZY-05
Cell Biology

Block-01 Introduction to Cell Biology
Evolution of the Cell; Procaryotic Structure, Bacteria, Virus; Evolution of Photosynthesis and Aerobic Respiration; Procaryotes to Eucaryotes; Animal and Plant Cells. Light Microscopy, Electron Microscopy, Radioisotopes, Autoradiography and Antibodies; Tissue Culture and Cinemicrography. Details of Cell Structure and Functions of Cell Organelles. Chemical Components of Cell, Isolation and Detection of Cellular Macromolecules – Methods of Molecular Separation. Types of Bonds, Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Carbohydrates and Lipids

Block-02 Cell membranes and Enzymes
Self-Assembly; Self-Assembling Aggregates – Collagen, Actin, Cellulose; Nucleoprotein Aggregates – Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Ribosome; Cell Membrane, Membrane Fluidity, Membrane Asymmetry. Fluxes, Forces; Membrane Transport Processes – Free Diffusion, Osmosis, Facilitated Diffusion, Active Transport, Shuttle Processes; Electrical Potential Across Membrane. Transport Molecules; Inhibitors; Ion Gradient and Energy Exchange; Proton Pumps. Enzymes; Activation Energy, Coupled Reactions; Cofactors; Mechanism of Enzyme Action, Factors Affecting the Rate of Enzyme Action, Enzyme Kinetics; Allosteric Enzymes; Isoenzymes; Inhibitors; Assay of Enzyme Activity. Regulation of Enzyme Activity, Techniques for the Study of Metabolic Pathways

Block-III Metabolism and Communication in Cells
Energy Releasing Pathways; Functional Groups and Common Reactions, Glycolysis, Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle, Electron Transport Chain, Regulations; Degradation of Lipids and Proteins. Biosynthesis; Carbohydrates – Interconversion and Regulations, Structure of Glycogen and Starch, Sucrose and Starch Interconversions; Gluconeogenesis; Ketone Bodies; Glyoxylate Cycle; Synthesis of Fats. Nuclear Envelope and Components – Organisation and Functions, Replication of DNA, Enzymes involved in DNA Replication; Transcription in Procaryotes and Eucaryotes, Types of RNA; RNA Processing in Eucaryotes. Protein Biosynthesis, Rate of Protein Synthesis; Processing of Protein Molecule; Regulation of Protein Synthesis. Strategies of Chemical Signalling, Signalling Mediated by Intracellular Receptors and Cell-surface Receptors, Second Messenger, Target Cell Adaptation; Bacterial Chemotaxis

Block-IV Cell Division, Cell movement & Differentiated Cell Types
Cell Cycle – Phase and Events; Determination of Cell Cycle Times; Regulation of Cell Division, Mitosis. Meiosis. Molecular Theory of Recombination; Differences between Meiosis and Mitosis; Cytokinesis, Distribution of Cytoplasmic Components. Intercellular Recognition and Cell Aggregation; Cell Junctions – Desmosomes, Tight Junctions, Gap Junction, Plasmodesmata; Cell Movements – Pseudopodia, Lamillopodia, Filopodia, Ciliary and Flagellar Movements, Phagocytosis; Extracellular Matrix – Components, Basal Lamina. Differentiated Animal Cell Types – A General Classification and functions; Tissues and cells. Differences between Plant and Animal Cells; Plant Cell Wall; Plant Cell and Tissue Types; Meristems and their Distribution; Plant Cell Growth.

UGZY-06
Ecology

Block-01 Environment and its Components
Concepts of Ecology, Environment, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Biosphere; Detailed studies on the environmental components: Light, Temperature, Atmosphere, Water, and Soil .

Block-II Ecosystem: Functioning Types
Ecosystem as a unit of nature; Components of ecosystem; Tolerance range and limiting factor; Trophic level; Ecological pyramids; Energy input in ecosystem; Energy flow; Food chain and Food web; Ecosystem control; Biogeochemical cycling: Carbon cycle, Nitrogen cycle, Sulphur cycle, Phosphorus cycle, Nutrient budgets and Cycling in forests. Biomes of the world; Forests; Grasslands; Deserts; Aquatic ecosystems; Lentic ecosystems; Lotic ecosystems, Marine ecosystems; Estuaries.

Block-III Community Ecology
Community studies; Community gradients and boundaries, Analytic characters: Qualitative characters, and Synthetic characters; Succession: Primary and Secondary succession, Autotrophic and Heterotrophic succession, Autogenic and Allogenic succession; Processes in succession; Kinds of succession; Models of succession; Trends in succession. Community organisation – Habitat and Niche, Functional roles and Guilds, Keystone species, Dominant species, Stability, Community organisation; Species interaction; Evolution of competitive ability; Predation, Co-evolution of Predator-Prey system; Herbivory – Defence mechanisms in plants, Herbivore interactions and counter-measures. Population – Density, Natality, Mortality, Dispersal, Age distribution, Population distribution; Population growth – Factors affecting biotic potential, Carrying capacity; Population regulation – Density dependent factors, Genetic diversity of the population; Evolutionary implications of natural regulation.

Block-IV Humans and Ecology
Human evolution in relation to environment – Historical overview; Characteristics of human population growth, Trends in growth of human population; Population growth by region; Problems of resource use related to population growth; Future Trends. Causes of degradation of ecosystem; Defining wildlife; Threats to wildlife; Extinct, Threatened and Out of danger species; The Red Data Book; Importance of conserving wildlife. Measures for conservation of wildlife, Conservation in India; Pollution of Air, Fresh-water bodies, Ground water, and Marine water, Land; Pollution due to noise; radiation pollution; Control of pollution.

UGZY-07
Genetics

Block-01 Heredity and Phenotypes
Genetics - A historical perspective; Basic terminology; Mendel’s classical experiments with pea, Law of Segregation, Law of Independent Assortment; The use of test crosses, Reasons for Mendel’s success. Extensions and modifications of Mendelian genetic analysis – Dominance, Multiple alleles, Rh Factor alleles in humans, Incompatibility alleles in plants; Gene interactions and modified Mendelian ratios; Lethal alleles; Pleiotropy; Sex-linked genes; Degrees of gene expression; Environmental modifications of gene expression. Sex determination in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, Effects of environmental factors on sex determination; Genetic basis of sex determination. Sex linkage and dosage compensation – The Chromosome Theory of Inheritance; Sex-linkage; Sex-limited and Sex-influenced traits. Developmental basis of sex, Gonad formation: Role of hormones, Role of genes; Intersexes; Sex mosaics; Sex reversal; Sex ratio; Sex selection of the offspring. Linkage, Crossing-over and chromosome mapping – The Concept of crossing-over, Cytological basis and molecular mechanism; Genetic mapping, Why didn’t Mendel find Linkage?

Block-II The Physical Basis of Heredity
Extra-nuclear inheritance – Early experiments; Maternal vs. extra-nuclear inheritance; Systems of extra-nuclear inheritance; Characteristics of extra-nuclear genome; Organelle inheritance dependent on nuclear genome; Organelle-associated linear plasmid DNA; Origin of organelles. Human chromosomes – morphology; Making preparations for cytogenetic studies; Chromosome banding types, and uses; Karyotyping – organisation, nomenclature, analysis; Chromosome heteromorphism; Molecular organisation – packaging of DNA into chromosome; Chromosome banding and taxonomic relationships. Structural abnormalities in chromosomes and their effects – Deletions, Duplications, Inversions, Translocations, Ring Chromosomes and Isochromosomes. Numerical abnormalities in chromosomes and their effects – Euploidy, aneuploidy, autosomal and sex chromosome aneuploidies and associated syndromes. The nature and structure of genetic material – Experiments performed in the search for genetic material, DNA as the genetic material, RNA as genetic material; The chemical composition of DNA and RNA; The physical structure of DNA: The Double Helix, DNA denaturation and renaturation; Conformational flexibility of DNA molecules. Genetics of Bacteria and Bacteriophages – Structure of a bacteriophage; Life cycles of phages; Plaque assay technique; Genetic recombination in a phage; Complementation analysis; Bacterial genetic system; Recombination in bacteria; Transformation – Molecular mechanism, Competence, Transformation and mapping of genes; Conjugation – Directions of transfer of genetic information, F + and F ? factors, High frequency recombinant bacteria (Hfr Bacteria), Conjugation and genetic mapping; Transduction; Plasmids and Episomes.

Block-III Gene Structure and Function
Gene Fine Structure – Bacteriophage as a genetic system for studies; Fine structure analysis of a gene – Recombination in rII mutants, Deletion mapping; Applying complementation test to the rII locus; The ultimate in fine structure mapping; Overlapping genes. Regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes – Control points of gene expression; Induction and repression in prokaryotes; Lactose metabolism and the operon, Positive control of the lac operon by the CAP and cyclic AMP; The tryptophan operon. Temporal sequences of gene expression during phage infection, regulation of gene expression and development in eukaryotes – Genetic organisation of prokaryotes vs. eukaryotes; Short-term gene regulation, Hormonal regulation; Gene regulation in development and differentiation; Models of gene regulation in eukaryotes. Mutations and mutagenesis – Somatic and gametic mutations, Spontaneous and induced mutations, Other categories of mutations; Detection of mutation; Molecular basis of mutations; Transposable genetic elements; Mutagenesis – physical and chemical mutagens, Environmental mutagens; Use of mutations. Carcinogenesis and teratogenesis – Chemical carcinogens, Radiation induced cancer, Oncogenic viruses, Genetic aspects of cancer; Prevention and cure of cancer; Teratogenesis. Immunogenetics – basic concepts, Non-specific defense system, Specific immune response, Antigen, antibodies; Cells involved in immune response – The cell types of immune system, Role of T and B lymphocytes in eliciting an immune response; Complement system; Genetics of antibody diversity; Major histocompatibility complex; Autoimmune diseases.

Block-IV Population and Applied Genetics
Genetics of blood – Chemistry and genetics of blood group systems; Haemoglobin gene in eukaryotes; Blood groups and medicine; Racial differences. Behaviour of genes in populations – Hardy-Weinberg Law; Determination of allelic and genotypic frequencies, Verification of Hardy-Weinberg law; Influence of evolutionary forces on gene frequencies. Continuous variations – origin; Quantitative inheritance, Polygenic hypothesis for quantitative trait; Effect of environment on quantitative traits; Components of phenotypic variance, Broad sense and narrow sense heritability, Estimation of heritability; Uses of Heritability Estimates; Twin studies, Uses, Genetic inferences and problems. Behaviour and Genetics – methods, comparative approaches, Case studies on Behaviour; Genetics of human behaviour, Human behaviour traits with less defined genetical basis; Genetics and I.Q., Genetics and human welfare – Diagnosis through genetic counselling, Genetic screening, Therapy for inherited diseases; Recombinant DNA technique; Applications of genetic engineering. Genetics in agriculture and plant improvement – Regeneration of plants from callus tissues and protoplasts, The Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Gene transfer in monocotyledonous plants, Herbicide tolerant plants, Resistance to pests, Resistance to frost formation, Enhanced nitrogen utilisation, Improving nutritional value, Manipulating gene expression using antisense RNA.

UGZY-08
Physiology

Block-01 Animal Physiology-I
Nutrition: Proteins, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Vitamins, Minerals and Trace Elements and, Water; Feeding Mechanisms; Digestive Tract and process of digestion, Digestive Enzymes, Maintenance of Gut Lining; Absorption of products of digestion; Energy Metabolism. Respiratory System: Respiratory Gases; Modes of Respiration; Gills, Lungs, Tracheae; Regulation of Respiration, Adaptations for Diving and Underwater Swimming; Transport of Gases in Blood: Haemoglobin. Circulation: Body Fluids: Composition of body fluids, Blood Plasma; General Plan of Circulatory Systems Structure of Mammalian Heart: Excitation of Heart, Cardiac Output; Blood Vessels: Blood Flow, Arteries, Veins, Capillaries, Blood Flow During Exercise, Lymphatic System; Haemostatic Mechanisms. Excretion: Nitrogen Excretion with Formation of Ammonia, Ammonotelism, Ureotelism, Uricotelism, Guanotelism; Excretory Organs: Functional Principles of osmolarity and membrane permeability, Contractile Vacuoles, Nephridia of Worms, Molluscan Kidney, Green Gland of Crustaceans, Malpighian Tubules of Insects, Structure of Vertebrate Kidney; Function and regulation of vertebrate kidney; osmotic and Ionic Regulation; Problems of Osmoregulation: Osmoregulation in Aqueous (Freshwater and Marine) and Terrestrial Environment; Hormones in Water and Electrolyte Regulation.

Block-II Animal Physiology-II
Movements: Amoeboid; Ciliary and Flagellar movements; Muscle and Movements: Structure of Vertebrate Skeletal Muscles, Mechanism and control of Muscle Contraction, Initiation of Muscle Contraction; Cardiac and Smooth Muscles. Temperature Relations in Animals: Effects of Temperature, Acclimation and Acclimatisation; Temperature Regulation in Poikilotherms and Homeotherms; Hibernation, Aestivation, and daily torpor Behavioural and Physiological Adjustments: Heat Production, Heat Loss, Heat Exchangers, Regulatory Mechanisms. Reproduction: Reproductive Mechanisms, Asexual and Sexual Reproduction; Functional Morphology of Reproductive Organs; Ovary, Testis, Accessory Reproductive Organs; Reproductive Cycles. Communication I: Nervous System and Nerve Cells; Nerve Impulse; Membrane Potential; Action Potential, All or None Response, Conduction of nerve impulse; Synaptic Transmission: Chemical Synaptic Transmission, Post Synaptic Potential, Electrical Synaptic Transmission; Neurotransmitters; Neural Circuits. Communication-II: Hormonal Control Systems: Chemical Nature, Synthesis and Storage of hormones: Secretion of Hormones: Steriod Thyroid and Peptide Hormones; Neuroendocrine Connection: Hypothalamus and Pituitary, Regulation of Hormone Secretion; Insect Hormones; Pheromones.

Block-III Plant Physiology
Plant Water Relations: Early History of Ascent of Sap; Cohesion Theory of Ascent of Sap; The Pathways of Transport of Water; The Concept of Upper lower case Diffusion, Osmosis, Osmotic Pressure, Imbibition; Chemical and Water Potentials and factors affecting them; Resistance to Water Movement and Water Flux; Movement of Water in a Single Cell; Water Relations of a Tissue; Water Relations of a Whole Plant; Water Absorption: Soil Characteristics, Field Capacity; Water Loss: Stomata Structure, Frequency and Stomatal Resistance, The Mechanism of Stomatal Opening; Factors Controlling Stomatal Aperture. Nutrient Elements of Plants: Criteria of Essentiality; Classification and Functions of Essential Elements; Nutrient Absorption; Nutrients and the Soil, Uptake of Mineral Ions, Movement of Nutrients into the Roots; Transport of Ions: Ion Transport Across the Plasma Membrane, Transport with the Help of Membrane Proteins, Radial Movement of Ions into the Roots, Long Distance Transport; Role of Essential Elements: Macronutrients, Micronutrients. Photosynthesis: Formulation of Basic concepts; Formulation of the Equation of Photosynthesis; Evidence for the Existence of Light and Dark Reactions, The Role of Light Reaction; Chemistry of Chloroplast Pigments; Discovery of Two Light Reactions: Quantum Requirement of Photosynthesis, Red Drop, Emerson Enhancement Effect.
Photosystems I and II; The Dark Reactions: The Calvin Cycle; Photorespiration and the C4 Plants; The CAM Plants; The Chloroplast – Ultrastructure and Organisation of Photosynthetic Machinery; Photosynthesis, Agriculture and Human Welfare: Efficiency of Photosynthesis, Environment and Photosynthesis, Agricultural Biotechnology; Evolutionary Aspects of the Chloroplast. Translocation in Plants: The Transport. Network; Origin and Delivery – The Source and the Sink; The Phloem elements – The Structural and Functional Relationship; Loading and Unloading of Sieve Tubes; Experiments on Phloem Transport.
Brief Account of Munich Pressure Flow Model; Fensom and Spanner Electro-osmotic Flow Hypothesis; Protoplasmic Streaming and Tubular Peristaltic Flow Model; Proto-osmotic Model.

Block-IV Plant Physiology-II
Biological Nitrogen-Fixation: The Gifted Species; Requirements of Nitrogen-Fixation, Development and Formation of Nodules in Legumes, Biochemistry of Nitrogen-Fixation: Factors Influencing Functions of Nitrogenase enzyme; Genetics of Nitrogen-Fixation, Measurement of Nitrogenase Activity; Nitrate Assimilation: Biochemical Reactions, Assimilatory Nitrate Reductase and Nitrite Reductase, Regulation of Nitrate Assimilation; Interaction between Nitrogen and Carbon Assimilation; Ammonia Assimilation: Biochemical Reactions, Uptake of Ammonia, Regulation of Ammonia Assimilation; Nitrogen Control of Nitrogen Assimilation; Sulphate Assimilation; Metabolic Interrelation of Nitrogen, Carbon and Sulphur. Hormones: Discovery and Characteristics of Plant Hormones; Role of Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, Ethylene, Abscisic Acid; Other Growth Regulators; Hormones Action; Applications. Development and Differentiation:. Vegetative Development: Definitions, Seed Formation and Germination, Dormant Vegetative Structures; Flowering: Plant Response to Light-Dark Cycles, Importance of Dark Period, Flowering Hormone, Chilling and Flower Induction, Biochemical Changes; Phytochrome: Discovery of Phytochrome, Properties of Phytochrome, Biological Responses Controlled by Phytochrome, Mechanism of Action; Senescence: Regulation of Senescence, Biochemical Changes Associated with Senescence; Tissue Culture: Historical Perspective and Development of Techniques, Organ, Tissue and Protoplast Culture; Biological Clocks: Factors Affecting Rhythms.Plant and Stress:The Nature of Stress: Physical, Chemical and Biological Stress; Ways to Adapt to Stress: Altering the Molecules at Work, Changes in the Morphology and Behaviour of Plants, Use of Alternate Metabolic Pathways; Plant Responses to Specific Stress Conditions; Future Prospects.

UGZY-09
Development Biology

Block-01 Plant Development-I
Gametogenesis Anther and Ovule; Pollination and Fertilization – Incompatibility – types and biological significance, Overcoming incompatibility; Apomixis – types and their peculiarities, Parthenogenesis and Significance of apomixis. Endosperm – Development, structure, fate and morphological nature, Types, Endosperm haustoria; Variants. Embryogenesis – Histogenesis and organogenesis; Dicotyledonous and Monocotyledonous embryo; Polyembryony and its uses. Seed – Parts; Developments; Appendages; Stored metabolites; Fruit – Development and Dispersal; Vivipary.
Root and shoot Morphogenesis; Topology and organ shapes; Tropic responses. Plant growth regulators and development, Apical dominance and genetic studies; Applications. Secondary growth in typical dicotyledonous stem; Secondary growth in monocot stem; Periderm – structure, origin and development, Cambial variants – In stems and roots. Plant tissue and organ culture – Cellular totipotency – Organogenesis, Somatic embryogenesis; Applications. Current trends in developmental studies – The future.
Development in Eukaryotic Unicellular Animals; Structure of the Sperm and Spermatogenesis and Spermiogenesis, Oogenesis. In Amphibians and Mammals Egg structure and fertilization. Events Prior to and Post Sperm-Egg Fusion, Fusion of Sperm and Egg Pronuclei, Initiation of zygote and development cleavage: Yolk; Planes; Patterns; Products; Gastrulation: Fate Maps, Morphogenetic Movements; Gastrulation in some Animals. Morphogenetic Processes, Morphogenesis of an Ectodermal Derivative: Neurulation in Amphibians, Chick, Mechanisms of Neural Plate Formation; Morphogenesis of Mesodermal Derivatives: Development of Heart in Amphibians and Chick, Development of Blood Cells; Morphogenesis of Endodermal Derivatives: Origin of Endodermal Organs, Origin and Migration of Primordial Germ Cell (PGC) in Frog, Chick and Mammals. Mechanisms of Cell Interaction: Totipotency and Pluripotency, Analysis of Genomic Equivalence of Nuclei, Developmental Potency of Nuclei by Nuclear Transplantation in Eggs; Cell Interactions and Ooplasmic Determinants and Germ Cell Lineage in Eggs of Ascaris, Ooplasmic Determinants and Somatic Cell Determination in Tunicates; Embryonic Induction and Cell Determination: Primary and Secondary Induction, Instructive Interaction Between Ectoderm and Mesenchymal Cells, Permissive Interaction. Organogenesis of Vertebrate Eye: Adult Eye, Eye Field, Development and Differentiation of Retina, Lens and Cornea Tissue Interactions; Vertebrate Limb: Basic Structural Pattern, Limb Field, Determination, Pattern of Limb Polarities, Development, Role of Mesoderm and Ectoderm, Apical Ectodermal Ridge (AER), Control of Pattern Formation; Common Features of Eye and Limb Development

Block-II Plant Development-II
Metamorphosis: Types of Development; Types of Metamorphic Changes; Larval Forms in Various Animal Gorups; Metamorphosis in Amphibians; The process of metamorphosis in anurans and unodeles. Hormones in Metamorphosis of Amphibia, Neoteny; Development, Growth and Metamorphosis in Insects; Factors Controlling Metamorphosis in insects, Comparison between Metamorphosis in Amphibians and Insects. Regeneration: Types of Regeneration: patterns of Reparative Regeneration: Limb Regeneration in Amphibians, The Origin of Regeneration cells of Blastema, Role of Wound Epidermis and Apical Epidermal cap, Role of Nerves and Hormones, Role of distal Transformation of Blastema; Lens Regeneration in Amphibians; Regeneration in Hydra; Regeneration in Planarians; Comparison between Regeneration and Embryonic Development; a Survey of Regenerative Capacity in the Animal Kingdom; Hetromorphosis. Growth: Allometric and Isometric Growth, Measurement of Growth, Factors Governing Growth; Aging; Consequences, Theories of Cellular Aging; Cancer – Result of Development Error: Characteristics of Malignant Cells, Causes, Stages and, Mechanism of Carcinogenesis, Multicausal Nature of Cancer. Human development: Gametogenesis: Spermatogenesis, Oogenesis; Female Reproductive Tract; Pre-Embryonic Development: Fertilization, The Pre-embryo, Embryonic and Foetal Development; Development Changes After Birth, Extra Embryonic Membranes and Placenta, Flaws in Development.

Block-III Animal Development-I
Beginning of a New Organism: Development in Eukaryotic unicellular animals; Structure and types of sperms, Process of Spermatogenesis and Spermiogenesis in sperm formation; Oogenesis in Amphibians and Mammals, Types of eggs on basis of presence of yolk and details of Egg Envelopes, Process of fertilization involving events before and after fusion of egg with sperm and at the time of fusion of egg and sperm pro-nuclei, Initiation of development. Cleavage and Gastrulation: Cleavage of Zygote and influence of yolk on cleavage; Planes, Patterns and Mechanisms of Zygote cleavage; Products of cleavage-Morula and Gastrula; Epiboly and Emboly Morphogenetic movements in gastrulation; Process of Gastrulation in sea urchins, amphibians and amniotes (chick and mammals especially eutherians). Morphogenesis and Tissue Organisation: Types of Morphogenetic processes and Modes of Cell movement in the formation of the Germ layers; Morphogenesis of Ectodermal derivatives namely neurulation in Amphibians and Chick, Mechanisms of neural plate formation, Morphogenesis of Mesodermal derivatives, Development of heart in amphibians and chick, development of blood cells, Origin and Morphogenesis of Endodermal derivatives, Origin and Migration of Primordial germ cells in Frog ,Chick and Mammals.Mechanisms of Cell Interactions: Totipotency and pluripotency, Mechanisms of Cell interaction, Analysis of genomic equivalance of Nuclei , Analysis of developmental potency of nuclei by method of nuclear transplantation in eggs. Cell determination, interactions and ooplasmic determinants, ooplasmic determinants and somatic determination in Tunicates, Embryonic induction and cell determination in neural ectoderm by induction from dorsal mesoderm (primary embryonic induction), Induction of mesoderm in amphibians, Secondary induction, instructive interaction between ectoderm and mesenchymal cell, Permissive interaction in Pancreas development, Organogenesis of Eye and Limb: Structure of adult vertebrate eye, Eye field, Development of vertebrate eye and differentiation of retina, lens and cornea, Tissue interactions in development of eye. Vertebrate limb and its basic structural pattern, limb field, Determination of limb polarities and pattern of limb development.

Block-IV Animal Development-II
Metamorphosis: Types of Development and Metamorphic Changes, Larval Forms in Various Animal Groups; Metamorphosis in Amphibians; the process of metamorphosis in anurans and urodeles; Hormones and their interactions in Metamorphosis of Amphibia, Neoteny; Devlopment, Growth and Metamorphosis in Insects, Factors Controlling Metamorphosis in insects, Comparison between Metamorphosis in Amphibians and Insects. Regeneration: Types of Regeneration, Patterns of Reparative Regeneration: Limb Regeneration in Amphibians, The Origin of Regeneration cells of Blastema, Role of Wound Epidermis, Apical Epidermal cap, Role of Nerves and Hormones in regeneration, Role of Distal Transformation of Blastema; Lens Regeneration in Amphibians, Regeneration in Hydra; and in Planarians, Comparison between Regeneration and Embryonic Development, A survey of Regenerative Capacity in the Animal Kingdom, Hetromorphosis. Growth, Aging, Cancer: definition of Growth, Allometric and Isometric Growth, Measurement of Growth, Factors Governing Growth, Aging and its Consequences, Theories of Cellular Aging; Cancer as a result of Developmental Error, Characteristics of Malignant Cells, Causes, Stages and, Mechanism of Carcinogenesis, Multicausal Nature of Cancer, Human development: Gametogenesis, Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis in humans,structure of Female Reproductive Tract, Pre-Embryonic Development: Fertilization, The Pre-embryo development and implantation, Embryonic and Foetal Development; Developmental Changes After Birth, Extra Embryonic Membranes and Placenta, Flaws in Development.

UGZY-10
Taxonomy and Evolution

Block-01 History and Concept of Taxonomy
Taxonomy; Aims, Objectives and Importance; Principles of Taxonomy and Systematics; History of Plant Classification; History of Animal Taxonomy; Plant Taxonomy in Ancient India. Types of Classification; Linnaeus Era: Artificial system of Classification, Natural System of Classification Bentham and Hooker; Phylogenetic Systems of Classification – Engler and Prantl’s, Hutchinson’s, Takhtajan System of classification of animals. Types of Classification – Phenetic Classification, Natural Classification, Phylogenetic or Cladistic Classification, Evolutionary Classification, Omnispective Classification, Taxonomic Hierarchy. The Five Kingdom System. Development of Concepts, Binomial Nomenclature; Important Rules of Nomenclature; Binomial System.

Block-II Tools and Trends in Taxonomy
Tools of Taxonomist: Field Observations, Ecological-Physiological; Herbaria and Museums, Botanical gardens, Zoological Parks; National Parks. Approach in Taxonomy, Morphological, Anatomical, Palynological, Embryological, Cytological, Paleobotanical, Physiological, Ecological Evidences, Taxonomy Library Documentation; Keys to Identification; Herbarium Ethics – Modern trends in Plant Taxonomy, Alpha and Omega Taxonomy; Chemotaxonomy; Numerical Taxonomy, Immunotaxonomy.

Block-III Evolution -I
Concept of Organic Evolution: Pre-Darwinian Evolutionary Thinking; Lamarckism; Darwinism – The Significance, Neo-Darwinism and Modern Synthesis; From Modern Synthesis to Molecular Genetics; Challenges to Darwinism; Creationism. The Geological Records, Evolution of the Horse; Evidences of Evolution; Biogeography, Comparative Anatomy, Comparative Embryology, Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Basis for Natural Selection; Sources and Expression of Variability; Concept of Fitness; Natural Selection Under Different Environmental Conditions.

Block-IV Evolution -II
Natural Selection in Action: Industrial Melanism; Interspecific Competition, Coadapted Communities, Character Displacement and Ecological Exclusion; Parasitism, Predation and Coevolution; Sexual Selection; Kin and Group Selection. Concept of Species; Mechanisms of Speciation; Genetic Repatterning during Isolation; Isolating Mechanisms. Human Evolution – Primate Heritage; Trends in Human Evolution; An Overview of Hominid Phylogeny. Symbolising and Language Skills; Evolution of Culture; Natural Selection and Future of Man.

UGZY-11/UGSTAT-01
Statistical Methods

BLOCK – I . Data Collection and Its Representation

Unit-I- Data Collection and Tabulation :
Meanings, Definitions and Applications of Statistics, Measurements and Scale, Measurements of qualitative data, Methods of data collection, Types of data.

Unit-II- Representation of Data- I (Diagrammatical representation):
Frequency distribution, Tabulation of data, Diagrammatical Representation of data, Bar diagram, Multiple bar diagram, Divided bar diagram, Percentage bar diagram, Pie chart, Pictogram, leaf chart,

Unit-II- Representation of Data- I (Graphical representation):
Graphical representation of frequency distribution, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Frequency curve, Ogive.

BLOCK – II . Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion

Unit-I- Measures of Central Tendency :
Types of measures of central tendency, Arithmetic mean, Fundamental Theorems on
Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Median, Mode, Percentiles, Deciles, and Quartiles.

Unit-II- Measures of Dispersion :
Types of measures of Dispersion, Range, Mean Deviation, Variance and Standard deviation, Effect of change of origin and scale, Relationship between measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion, Coefficient of variation.

BLOCK – II . Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

Unit-I- Moments, Raw Moments and Central Moments :
Definition of moments, raw moments for ungrouped data, raw moments for grouped data, Central moments, Factorial moments, Interrelationship between various moments, effect of change of origin and scale on moments, Charlier’s checks, Sheppard”s correction for moments.

Unit-II- Skewness and Kurtosis :
Definition of skewness, Measures of skewness, Pearson’s coefficient, Bowley’s coefficients, Kurtosis, Measures of Kurtosis, effect of change of origin and scale

UGZY (L)-1

Laboratory Work-I - Lab Work Practical’s Based on UGZY-05 & 06

UGZY (L)-2

Laboratory Work-II - Plant Diverstiy: Lab Work Practical’s Based on UGZY-07 & 08

E. BOTANY

Year

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

Compulsory Elective

Compulsory Core Course

 

1st year

220

UGBY-01

Plant Diversity-I

3
3            8
2

Compulsory

221

UGBY-02

Plant Diversity-II

222

UGBY-03(L)

Plant Diversity: Lab Work Practical's Based on UGBY-01 & 02

 

2nd year

223

UGBY-05

Cell Biology

3
3            8
2

Compulsory

 

224

 

UGBY-06

 

Plant Ecology

 

229

 

UGBY-(L)-1

 

Practical's Based on UGBY-05&06

 

3rd year

225

UGBY-07

Genetics

3
3            8
2

Compulsory

 

226

 

UGBY-08

 

Plant Physiology

 

230

 

UGBY-(L)-2

 

Practical's Based on UGBY-07 & 08

Discipline-Centric Elective Course ( Select any two Papers)

 

 

227

 

UGBY-09

 

Developmental Biology

4

 

 

 

Elective

 

228

UGBY-10

Taxonomy and Evolution

4

2775

UGBY-11

Statistical Methods

4

Compulsory Foundation Course

 

1st year

2700

UGFODL

Foundation Course in Open and Distance Learning

Non-credit

Compulsory

2nd year

012

CHEQ/EA

Foundation Course in Environment Awareness

Non-credit

Compulsory

3rd year

003

UGFIT

Foundation Course in Information Technology

Non-credit

Compulsory

Elective foundation Course

 

1st year

001

UGFHS

Foundation Course in Humanities and Social Science

4

 

Elective

 

2nd year

004

or
005

UGFEG

or
UGFHD

Foundation Course in English
or
Foundation course in Hindi

 

4
or
4

3rd year

2501
or
007
or
009
or
2701

DM
or
AOCHE
Or
AOCNC
Or
SWM

Foundation course in disaster management
or
Human Environment
or
Nutrition for the Community
Or
Solid waste Management 

4
or
4
or
4
or
4

Skill Based Programs (select  either in 2nd year or in 3rd  year)

f}rh; o"kZ vFkok
r`rh; o"kZ
esa

2651
or
2653
or
2659
or
2660

UGSSC-01
or
UGSSC-03
or
UGSSC-09
or
UGSSC-10

 

Microsoft Office and Internet
or
Medicinal Plants: Introduction & Significance
or
Agriculture & Environment
or
Energy & Environment

 

8
or
8
or
8
or
8

 

 

Elective

 

UGBY-01
Plant Diversity-I

Block-01
A
Diversity of Plants and Related Organisms

Diversity of Life on Earth; Characteristics of Living Things; Origin of Life; Organisation of Cells – Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes; Evolution by Endosymbiosis; Classification of Organisms:The Five Kingdoms; Characteristics of Plants; Environmental Degradation and Plant Diversity. Domains of Organisms of Primary and Ancient Lineage; Characteristics, Affinities, Evolution and Classification of Cyanobacteria, Fungi, Algae, Bryophytes,Pteridophytes.

B
Comparative Morphology and Cell Structure in Algae
Comparative Morphology of Algae: Unicellular Forms; Anacystis, Chlamydomonas, Colonial Forms; Microcystis, Volvox, Filamentous Forms: Nostoc, Ulothrix, Oedogonium, Heterotrichous Forms; Draparnaldiopsis, Coleochaete, Ectocarpus, Thalloid Forms: Ulva, Fucus, Polysiphonoid Forms; Polysiphonia; Structure of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Algal Cells. Reproduction: Vegetative, Asexual and Sexual Reproduction; Reproduction and Life Cycle of Chlamydomonas, Ulothrix, Ulva, Laminaria, Fucus; Origin and Evolution of Sex. Classification of Algae: Criteria for Classification ; Prokaryotic: Division Cyanophyta; Eukaryotic Algae of Divisions Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta, Xanthophyta, Chrysophyta, Euglenophyta, Dinophyta, Cryptophyta, Bacillariophyta; Systematic Position of the Genera studied. Algal Habitats and Distribution: Aquatic Algae: Fresh Water and Marine Habitats, Special Habitats; Soil and Subaerial Algae; Algal Associations; Algal-Plant, Algal-Animal and Algal-Symbiotic Associations. Algae and Human Welfare: A Nutritional Food Source; A Source of Animal Feed Use in Waste Water Treatment and Biofertilisers; A Source of Energy; Industrial Applications: Phycocolloids, Diatomite, Piggmets; Medicinal Uses; Algal Companies; Harmful Effects.

Block-II Fungi
Fungal Habitats and Morphology: Habitats; Nutrition and Growth, Morphology; Unicellular Forms -Yeast, Slime Moulds – Cellular and Plasmodial Types, Filamentous Forms, Pseudoparenchymatous Forms; The Fine Structure of Fungi. Comparative Account of Reproduction: Vegetative, Asexual, Sexual; Types of Life Cycles and Alternation of Generations; Phytophthora, Rhizopus, Neurospora, Puccinia. Fungal Diseases: Symptoms, Pathogen, Disease Cycle and Control Measures of Late Blight of Potato: (Phytophthora infestans), Powdery Mildew of Rose (Sphaerotheca pannosa), Red Rot of Sugarcane (Colletotrichum falcatum), Smut of Wheat (Ustilago tritici), Wheat Rusts (Puccinia graminis), Skin Diseases: Lumpy Wool, Facial Eczema, Sporotrichosis, Ring Worm and Favus. Role of Fungi in Human Welfare: Food Provider; Food Spoiler; Fermentation; Antibiotics; Drugs and Hallucinogens; Mycorrhizal Fungi; Role of Fungi in Plant Disease Management; Aerobiology of Fungi; Fungal Diseases in Human. Lichens: Range of Structure as Individual Organisms; Structure and Anatomy; Reproduction: Vegetative, Asexual and Sexual; Lichens – A Model of Symbiotic System; Importance of Lichens in Ecology, as Food, Indicators of Pollution etc.

Block-III Bryophytes
Morphology and Anatomy of Bryophytes: General Characteristics and Life Cycle; Adaptations to Land Habit; Morphology and Anatomy of Hepaticopsida - Riccia, Marchantia, Pellia, Anthocerotopsida - Anthoceros; Bryopsida - Sphagnum, Funaria. Reproduction and Evolutionary Trends in Bryophytes: General Features of Sexual Reproduction in Bryophytes; Study of Reproduction in Representative Genera: Riccia, Marchantia, Pellia, Anthoceros, Sphagnum, Funaria; Evolution of Sporophyte in Bryophytes. Importance and Uses of Bryophytes: Medicine, Construction, Decorative and Packing Materials, House Hold Uses, Treatment of Waste Water, Mosses as Animal Food and Shelter; Uses of Bryophytes in Horticulture; Ecological Role in Soil Erosion, Indicators of Mineral Deposits, pH, Seed Plant Community, Air Pollution, Water Pollution; Bryophytes as Preserver of the Past; Bryophytes and Research Work.

Block-IV Pteridophytes
Pteridophytes: Comparative Morphology and Anatomy, Pteridophytic Life Cycle; General Characteristics and Relationship with Other Groups; Formation of Fossils and Their Types; Morphology and Anatomy of Rhynia, Cooksonia, Psilotum, Lycopodium, Selaginella, Equisetum, Pteris, Cyathea, Marsilea; Distribution of Pteridophytes in India. Comparative Study of Reproduction in Pteridophytes: Rhynia, Psilotum, Lycopodium, Selaginella, Equisetum, Pteris, Cyathea and Marsilea; Vegetative Reproduction. Resume: Lower Plants; Telome Concept; Stelar Structure and Evolution; Heterospory and Seed Habit; Fern as a System for Experimental Studies: Polarity, Regeneration, Apogamy and Apospory.

UGBY-02
Plant Diversity-II

Block-01 Gymnosperms
General Characters of Gymnosperms, Distribution, Morphology, Anatomy, Reproduction, Embryogeny, Polyembryony, Mature Seed and Germination; General Patterns of Life Cycles; Wilwitschia; Classification of Gymnosperms. Economic importance of Gymnosperms. Cycas, Pinus, Ephedra and Gnetum: Distribution, Habitat and General Features; Vegetative Structures:Reproductive Structures: Pollination, Fertilization and Embryogeny; Conservation Concerns

Block-II Flowering Plants
General Characters of Angiosperms; Distribution and diversity Angiosperms; Vascular tissue, Reproduction, Dispersal, Plant Defence, Origin and Classification of Angiosperm; Representative, Angiosperms; (Asteraceae, Orchidaceae, Poaceae, Leguminoseae); Economic Significance. Meristems; Mature Tissues: Simple Tissues, Complex Tissues; Epidermal Tissue System: Root, Stem and Leaf – comparative studies, Specialized Stem, Leaf and Root, Abscission. Flower; Transition and Formation of floral organs; Morphological Nature of Flower; Vascular Anatomy of the Flower; Fruits: Simple and Compound Fruits, False Fruits, Development; Fruit Abscission; Apomixis; Seed; Diversity in Seed Form. Pollination; Attractants for Pollinators; Specific Pollinators and Behaviour; Flowers – Pollinator Coevolution; Deception of Flower visitors

Block-III
A Economic Botany

Wheat; Maize or Corn; Rice; Rye; Oats; Sorghum; Barley; Triticale. Legumes; Groundnut; Gram; Pea; Soybean; Cowpea; Beans; Urd; Mung. Fruits: Mango, Banana, Pineapple, Papaya, Guava, Fig, Citrus Fruits, Melons, Watermelon, Muskmelon, Litchi, Pomegranate, Pome Fruits, Apple, Pear; Nuts: Cashew nut, Pistachio, Walnut, Almond, Chestnut, Hazelnuts and Filberts. Vegetables from Roots and Other Underground Parts: Potato, Sweet Potato, Cassava, Onion, Garlic, Beetroot, Carrot; Vegetables from Leaves: Cabbage, Lettuce, Spinach; Vegetables from Fruits and Seeds: Cucurbits, Tomato, Brinjal, Chillies, Okra. Oils and Fats from Plants, Vegetable and Essential Oils, Classification of Vegetable Oils, Ground nut, Mustard, Safflower, Coconut, Cotton, Soybean, Sunflower, Linseed, Olive, Castor, Sesame. Sugars and Starches: Sugarcane, Potato, Cassava.

B Spices
Spices and Condiments; Spices obtained from Underground Parts; Bark; Spices obtained from Flower Buds or Flowers; Spices obtained from Fruits, Seeds. Tea; Coffee; Cocoa. Medicinal Plants; Fumatory and Masticatory Materials Yielding Plants; Oil-Yielding Plants. Commercially Important Timber Yielding Plants; Commercially Important Fibre-Yielding Plants: Cotton, Jute, Coconut.

Block-IV Families of Angiosperms
Study of Dicot Families: Ranunculaceae; Brassicaceae; Malvaceae; Rutaceae; Fabaceae: Mimosoideae, Caesalpinioideae, Papilionoideae; Myrtaceae; Cucurbitaceae; Apiaceae. Rubiaceae; Asteraceae; Sapotaceae; Apocyanaceae; Asclepiadaceae; Solanaceae; Acanthaceae; Lamiaceae; Amaranthaceae; Santalaceae; Euphorbiaceae. Study of Monocot families: Musaceae; Liliaceae; Arecaceae; Poaceae. Variation in Flowers, Variations in Floral parts; Window leaves, Parasitic Plants: Carnivorous Plants, Seeds and Fruits, Some Special Monocots.

UGBY-03
Plant Diversity Lab
Block-01 Practical Based On
Cyanobacteria ; Algae; Fungi`; Lower Plants

Block-02
A Practical Based On
Jlighir Plants; Gymnosperm; Anatomy

B Practical Based On
Higher Plants Economic Botany
C
Higher Plants Taxonomy and Economic Botany
D
Jay and Glossary- An Identification key, Glossary of Taxonomic Terms

UGBY-05
Cell Biology

Block-01 Introduction to Cell Biology
Evolution of the Cell; Procaryotic Structure, Bacteria, Virus; Evolution of Photosynthesis and Aerobic Respiration; Procaryotes to Eucaryotes; Animal and Plant Cells. Light Microscopy, Electron Microscopy, Radioisotopes, Autoradiography and Antibodies; Tissue Culture and Cinemicrography. Details of Cell Structure and Functions of Cell Organelles. Chemical Components of Cell, Isolation and Detection of Cellular Macromolecules – Methods of Molecular Separation. Types of Bonds, Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Carbohydrates and Lipids

Block-02 Cell membranes and Enzymes
Self-Assembly; Self-Assembling Aggregates – Collagen, Actin, Cellulose; Nucleoprotein Aggregates – Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Ribosome; Cell Membrane, Membrane Fluidity, Membrane Asymmetry. Fluxes, Forces; Membrane Transport Processes – Free Diffusion, Osmosis, Facilitated Diffusion, Active Transport, Shuttle Processes; Electrical Potential Across Membrane. Transport Molecules; Inhibitors; Ion Gradient and Energy Exchange; Proton Pumps. Enzymes; Activation Energy, Coupled Reactions; Cofactors; Mechanism of Enzyme Action, Factors Affecting the Rate of Enzyme Action, Enzyme Kinetics; Allosteric Enzymes; Isoenzymes; Inhibitors; Assay of Enzyme Activity. Regulation of Enzyme Activity, Techniques for the Study of Metabolic Pathways

Block-III Metabolism and Communication in Cells
Energy Releasing Pathways; Functional Groups and Common Reactions, Glycolysis, Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle, Electron Transport Chain, Regulations; Degradation of Lipids and Proteins. Biosynthesis; Carbohydrates – Interconversion and Regulations, Structure of Glycogen and Starch, Sucrose and Starch Interconversions; Gluconeogenesis; Ketone Bodies; Glyoxylate Cycle; Synthesis of Fats. Nuclear Envelope and Components – Organisation and Functions, Replication of DNA, Enzymes involved in DNA Replication; Transcription in Procaryotes and Eucaryotes, Types of RNA; RNA Processing in Eucaryotes. Protein Biosynthesis, Rate of Protein Synthesis; Processing of Protein Molecule; Regulation of Protein Synthesis. Strategies of Chemical Signalling, Signalling Mediated by Intracellular Receptors and Cell-surface Receptors, Second Messenger, Target Cell Adaptation; Bacterial Chemotaxis

Block-IV Cell Division, Cell movement & Differentiated Cell Types
Cell Cycle – Phase and Events; Determination of Cell Cycle Times; Regulation of Cell Division, Mitosis. Meiosis. Molecular Theory of Recombination; Differences between Meiosis and Mitosis; Cytokinesis, Distribution of Cytoplasmic Components. Intercellular Recognition and Cell Aggregation; Cell Junctions – Desmosomes, Tight Junctions, Gap Junction, Plasmodesmata; Cell Movements – Pseudopodia, Lamillopodia, Filopodia, Ciliary and Flagellar Movements, Phagocytosis; Extracellular Matrix – Components, Basal Lamina. Differentiated Animal Cell Types – A General Classification and functions; Tissues and cells. Differences between Plant and Animal Cells; Plant Cell Wall; Plant Cell and Tissue Types; Meristems and their Distribution; Plant Cell Growth.

UGBY-06
Plant Ecology

Block-01 Environment and its Components
Concepts of Ecology, Environment, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Biosphere; Detailed studies on the environmental components: Light, Temperature, Atmosphere, Water, and Soil .

Block-II Ecosystem: Functioning Types
Ecosystem as a unit of nature; Components of ecosystem; Tolerance range and limiting factor; Trophic level; Ecological pyramids; Energy input in ecosystem; Energy flow; Food chain and Food web; Ecosystem control; Biogeochemical cycling: Carbon cycle, Nitrogen cycle, Sulphur cycle, Phosphorus cycle, Nutrient budgets and Cycling in forests. Biomes of the world; Forests; Grasslands; Deserts; Aquatic ecosystems; Lentic ecosystems; Lotic ecosystems, Marine ecosystems; Estuaries.

Block-III Community Ecology
Community studies; Community gradients and boundaries, Analytic characters: Qualitative characters, and Synthetic characters; Succession: Primary and Secondary succession, Autotrophic and Heterotrophic succession, Autogenic and Allogenic succession; Processes in succession; Kinds of succession; Models of succession; Trends in succession. Community organisation – Habitat and Niche, Functional roles and Guilds, Keystone species, Dominant species, Stability, Community organisation; Species interaction; Evolution of competitive ability; Predation, Co-evolution of Predator-Prey system; Herbivory – Defence mechanisms in plants, Herbivore interactions and counter-measures. Population – Density, Natality, Mortality, Dispersal, Age distribution, Population distribution; Population growth – Factors affecting biotic potential, Carrying capacity; Population regulation – Density dependent factors, Genetic diversity of the population; Evolutionary implications of natural regulation.

Block-IV Humans and Ecology
Human evolution in relation to environment – Historical overview; Characteristics of human population growth, Trends in growth of human population; Population growth by region; Problems of resource use related to population growth; Future Trends. Causes of degradation of ecosystem; Defining wildlife; Threats to wildlife; Extinct, Threatened and Out of danger species; The Red Data Book; Importance of conserving wildlife. Measures for conservation of wildlife, Conservation in India; Pollution of Air, Fresh-water bodies, Ground water, and Marine water, Land; Pollution due to noise; radiation pollution; Control of pollution.

UGBY-07
Genetics

Block-01 Heredity and Phenotypes
Genetics - A historical perspective; Basic terminology; Mendel’s classical experiments with pea, Law of Segregation, Law of Independent Assortment; The use of test crosses, Reasons for Mendel’s success. Extensions and modifications of Mendelian genetic analysis – Dominance, Multiple alleles, Rh Factor alleles in humans, Incompatibility alleles in plants; Gene interactions and modified Mendelian ratios; Lethal alleles; Pleiotropy; Sex-linked genes; Degrees of gene expression; Environmental modifications of gene expression. Sex determination in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, Effects of environmental factors on sex determination; Genetic basis of sex determination. Sex linkage and dosage compensation – The Chromosome Theory of Inheritance; Sex-linkage; Sex-limited and Sex-influenced traits. Developmental basis of sex, Gonad formation: Role of hormones, Role of genes; Intersexes; Sex mosaics; Sex reversal; Sex ratio; Sex selection of the offspring. Linkage, Crossing-over and chromosome mapping – The Concept of crossing-over, Cytological basis and molecular mechanism; Genetic mapping, Why didn’t Mendel find Linkage?

Block-II The Physical Basis of Heredity
Extra-nuclear inheritance – Early experiments; Maternal vs. extra-nuclear inheritance; Systems of extra-nuclear inheritance; Characteristics of extra-nuclear genome; Organelle inheritance dependent on nuclear genome; Organelle-associated linear plasmid DNA; Origin of organelles. Human chromosomes – morphology; Making preparations for cytogenetic studies; Chromosome banding types, and uses; Karyotyping – organisation, nomenclature, analysis; Chromosome heteromorphism; Molecular organisation – packaging of DNA into chromosome; Chromosome banding and taxonomic relationships. Structural abnormalities in chromosomes and their effects – Deletions, Duplications, Inversions, Translocations, Ring Chromosomes and Isochromosomes. Numerical abnormalities in chromosomes and their effects – Euploidy, aneuploidy, autosomal and sex chromosome aneuploidies and associated syndromes. The nature and structure of genetic material – Experiments performed in the search for genetic material, DNA as the genetic material, RNA as genetic material; The chemical composition of DNA and RNA; The physical structure of DNA: The Double Helix, DNA denaturation and renaturation; Conformational flexibility of DNA molecules. Genetics of Bacteria and Bacteriophages – Structure of a bacteriophage; Life cycles of phages; Plaque assay technique; Genetic recombination in a phage; Complementation analysis; Bacterial genetic system; Recombination in bacteria; Transformation – Molecular mechanism, Competence, Transformation and mapping of genes; Conjugation – Directions of transfer of genetic information, F + and F ? factors, High frequency recombinant bacteria (Hfr Bacteria), Conjugation and genetic mapping; Transduction; Plasmids and Episomes.

Block-III Gene Structure and Function
Gene Fine Structure – Bacteriophage as a genetic system for studies; Fine structure analysis of a gene – Recombination in rII mutants, Deletion mapping; Applying complementation test to the rII locus; The ultimate in fine structure mapping; Overlapping genes. Regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes – Control points of gene expression; Induction and repression in prokaryotes; Lactose metabolism and the operon, Positive control of the lac operon by the CAP and cyclic AMP; The tryptophan operon. Temporal sequences of gene expression during phage infection, regulation of gene expression and development in eukaryotes – Genetic organisation of prokaryotes vs. eukaryotes; Short-term gene regulation, Hormonal regulation; Gene regulation in development and differentiation; Models of gene regulation in eukaryotes. Mutations and mutagenesis – Somatic and gametic mutations, Spontaneous and induced mutations, Other categories of mutations; Detection of mutation; Molecular basis of mutations; Transposable genetic elements; Mutagenesis – physical and chemical mutagens, Environmental mutagens; Use of mutations. Carcinogenesis and teratogenesis – Chemical carcinogens, Radiation induced cancer, Oncogenic viruses, Genetic aspects of cancer; Prevention and cure of cancer; Teratogenesis. Immunogenetics – basic concepts, Non-specific defense system, Specific immune response, Antigen, antibodies; Cells involved in immune response – The cell types of immune system, Role of T and B lymphocytes in eliciting an immune response; Complement system; Genetics of antibody diversity; Major histocompatibility complex; Autoimmune diseases.

Block-IV Population and Applied Genetics
Genetics of blood – Chemistry and genetics of blood group systems; Haemoglobin gene in eukaryotes; Blood groups and medicine; Racial differences. Behaviour of genes in populations – Hardy-Weinberg Law; Determination of allelic and genotypic frequencies, Verification of Hardy-Weinberg law; Influence of evolutionary forces on gene frequencies. Continuous variations – origin; Quantitative inheritance, Polygenic hypothesis for quantitative trait; Effect of environment on quantitative traits; Components of phenotypic variance, Broad sense and narrow sense heritability, Estimation of heritability; Uses of Heritability Estimates; Twin studies, Uses, Genetic inferences and problems. Behaviour and Genetics – methods, comparative approaches, Case studies on Behaviour; Genetics of human behaviour, Human behaviour traits with less defined genetical basis; Genetics and I.Q., Genetics and human welfare – Diagnosis through genetic counselling, Genetic screening, Therapy for inherited diseases; Recombinant DNA technique; Applications of genetic engineering. Genetics in agriculture and plant improvement – Regeneration of plants from callus tissues and protoplasts, The Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Gene transfer in monocotyledonous plants, Herbicide tolerant plants, Resistance to pests, Resistance to frost formation, Enhanced nitrogen utilisation, Improving nutritional value, Manipulating gene expression using antisense RNA.

UGBY-08
Plant Physiology

Block-01 Animal Physiology-I
Nutrition: Proteins, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Vitamins, Minerals and Trace Elements and, Water; Feeding Mechanisms; Digestive Tract and process of digestion, Digestive Enzymes, Maintenance of Gut Lining; Absorption of products of digestion; Energy Metabolism. Respiratory System: Respiratory Gases; Modes of Respiration; Gills, Lungs, Tracheae; Regulation of Respiration, Adaptations for Diving and Underwater Swimming; Transport of Gases in Blood: Haemoglobin. Circulation: Body Fluids: Composition of body fluids, Blood Plasma; General Plan of Circulatory Systems Structure of Mammalian Heart: Excitation of Heart, Cardiac Output; Blood Vessels: Blood Flow, Arteries, Veins, Capillaries, Blood Flow During Exercise, Lymphatic System; Haemostatic Mechanisms. Excretion: Nitrogen Excretion with Formation of Ammonia, Ammonotelism, Ureotelism, Uricotelism, Guanotelism; Excretory Organs: Functional Principles of osmolarity and membrane permeability, Contractile Vacuoles, Nephridia of Worms, Molluscan Kidney, Green Gland of Crustaceans, Malpighian Tubules of Insects, Structure of Vertebrate Kidney; Function and regulation of vertebrate kidney; osmotic and Ionic Regulation; Problems of Osmoregulation: Osmoregulation in Aqueous (Freshwater and Marine) and Terrestrial Environment; Hormones in Water and Electrolyte Regulation.

Block-II Animal Physiology-II
Movements: Amoeboid; Ciliary and Flagellar movements; Muscle and Movements: Structure of Vertebrate Skeletal Muscles, Mechanism and control of Muscle Contraction, Initiation of Muscle Contraction; Cardiac and Smooth Muscles. Temperature Relations in Animals: Effects of Temperature, Acclimation and Acclimatisation; Temperature Regulation in Poikilotherms and Homeotherms; Hibernation, Aestivation, and daily torpor Behavioural and Physiological Adjustments: Heat Production, Heat Loss, Heat Exchangers, Regulatory Mechanisms. Reproduction: Reproductive Mechanisms, Asexual and Sexual Reproduction; Functional Morphology of Reproductive Organs; Ovary, Testis, Accessory Reproductive Organs; Reproductive Cycles. Communication I: Nervous System and Nerve Cells; Nerve Impulse; Membrane Potential; Action Potential, All or None Response, Conduction of nerve impulse; Synaptic Transmission: Chemical Synaptic Transmission, Post Synaptic Potential, Electrical Synaptic Transmission; Neurotransmitters; Neural Circuits. Communication-II: Hormonal Control Systems: Chemical Nature, Synthesis and Storage of hormones: Secretion of Hormones: Steriod Thyroid and Peptide Hormones; Neuroendocrine Connection: Hypothalamus and Pituitary, Regulation of Hormone Secretion; Insect Hormones; Pheromones.

Block-III Plant Physiology
Plant Water Relations: Early History of Ascent of Sap; Cohesion Theory of Ascent of Sap; The Pathways of Transport of Water; The Concept of Upper lower case Diffusion, Osmosis, Osmotic Pressure, Imbibition; Chemical and Water Potentials and factors affecting them; Resistance to Water Movement and Water Flux; Movement of Water in a Single Cell; Water Relations of a Tissue; Water Relations of a Whole Plant; Water Absorption: Soil Characteristics, Field Capacity; Water Loss: Stomata Structure, Frequency and Stomatal Resistance, The Mechanism of Stomatal Opening; Factors Controlling Stomatal Aperture. Nutrient Elements of Plants: Criteria of Essentiality; Classification and Functions of Essential Elements; Nutrient Absorption; Nutrients and the Soil, Uptake of Mineral Ions, Movement of Nutrients into the Roots; Transport of Ions: Ion Transport Across the Plasma Membrane, Transport with the Help of Membrane Proteins, Radial Movement of Ions into the Roots, Long Distance Transport; Role of Essential Elements: Macronutrients, Micronutrients. Photosynthesis: Formulation of Basic concepts; Formulation of the Equation of Photosynthesis; Evidence for the Existence of Light and Dark Reactions, The Role of Light Reaction; Chemistry of Chloroplast Pigments; Discovery of Two Light Reactions: Quantum Requirement of Photosynthesis, Red Drop, Emerson Enhancement Effect.
Photosystems I and II; The Dark Reactions: The Calvin Cycle; Photorespiration and the C4 Plants; The CAM Plants; The Chloroplast – Ultrastructure and Organisation of Photosynthetic Machinery; Photosynthesis, Agriculture and Human Welfare: Efficiency of Photosynthesis, Environment and Photosynthesis, Agricultural Biotechnology; Evolutionary Aspects of the Chloroplast. Translocation in Plants: The Transport. Network; Origin and Delivery – The Source and the Sink; The Phloem elements – The Structural and Functional Relationship; Loading and Unloading of Sieve Tubes; Experiments on Phloem Transport.
Brief Account of Munich Pressure Flow Model; Fensom and Spanner Electro-osmotic Flow Hypothesis; Protoplasmic Streaming and Tubular Peristaltic Flow Model; Proto-osmotic Model.

Block-IV Plant Physiology-II
Biological Nitrogen-Fixation: The Gifted Species; Requirements of Nitrogen-Fixation, Development and Formation of Nodules in Legumes, Biochemistry of Nitrogen-Fixation: Factors Influencing Functions of Nitrogenase enzyme; Genetics of Nitrogen-Fixation, Measurement of Nitrogenase Activity; Nitrate Assimilation: Biochemical Reactions, Assimilatory Nitrate Reductase and Nitrite Reductase, Regulation of Nitrate Assimilation; Interaction between Nitrogen and Carbon Assimilation; Ammonia Assimilation: Biochemical Reactions, Uptake of Ammonia, Regulation of Ammonia Assimilation; Nitrogen Control of Nitrogen Assimilation; Sulphate Assimilation; Metabolic Interrelation of Nitrogen, Carbon and Sulphur. Hormones: Discovery and Characteristics of Plant Hormones; Role of Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, Ethylene, Abscisic Acid; Other Growth Regulators; Hormones Action; Applications. Development and Differentiation:. Vegetative Development: Definitions, Seed Formation and Germination, Dormant Vegetative Structures; Flowering: Plant Response to Light-Dark Cycles, Importance of Dark Period, Flowering Hormone, Chilling and Flower Induction, Biochemical Changes; Phytochrome: Discovery of Phytochrome, Properties of Phytochrome, Biological Responses Controlled by Phytochrome, Mechanism of Action; Senescence: Regulation of Senescence, Biochemical Changes Associated with Senescence; Tissue Culture: Historical Perspective and Development of Techniques, Organ, Tissue and Protoplast Culture; Biological Clocks: Factors Affecting Rhythms.Plant and Stress:The Nature of Stress: Physical, Chemical and Biological Stress; Ways to Adapt to Stress: Altering the Molecules at Work, Changes in the Morphology and Behaviour of Plants, Use of Alternate Metabolic Pathways; Plant Responses to Specific Stress Conditions; Future Prospects.

UGBY-09
Development Biology

Block-01 Plant Development-I
Gametogenesis Anther and Ovule; Pollination and Fertilization – Incompatibility – types and biological significance, Overcoming incompatibility; Apomixis – types and their peculiarities, Parthenogenesis and Significance of apomixis. Endosperm – Development, structure, fate and morphological nature, Types, Endosperm haustoria; Variants. Embryogenesis – Histogenesis and organogenesis; Dicotyledonous and Monocotyledonous embryo; Polyembryony and its uses. Seed – Parts; Developments; Appendages; Stored metabolites; Fruit – Development and Dispersal; Vivipary.
Root and shoot Morphogenesis; Topology and organ shapes; Tropic responses. Plant growth regulators and development, Apical dominance and genetic studies; Applications. Secondary growth in typical dicotyledonous stem; Secondary growth in monocot stem; Periderm – structure, origin and development, Cambial variants – In stems and roots. Plant tissue and organ culture – Cellular totipotency – Organogenesis, Somatic embryogenesis; Applications. Current trends in developmental studies – The future.
Development in Eukaryotic Unicellular Animals; Structure of the Sperm and Spermatogenesis and Spermiogenesis, Oogenesis. In Amphibians and Mammals Egg structure and fertilization. Events Prior to and Post Sperm-Egg Fusion, Fusion of Sperm and Egg Pronuclei, Initiation of zygote and development cleavage: Yolk; Planes; Patterns; Products; Gastrulation: Fate Maps, Morphogenetic Movements; Gastrulation in some Animals. Morphogenetic Processes, Morphogenesis of an Ectodermal Derivative: Neurulation in Amphibians, Chick, Mechanisms of Neural Plate Formation; Morphogenesis of Mesodermal Derivatives: Development of Heart in Amphibians and Chick, Development of Blood Cells; Morphogenesis of Endodermal Derivatives: Origin of Endodermal Organs, Origin and Migration of Primordial Germ Cell (PGC) in Frog, Chick and Mammals. Mechanisms of Cell Interaction: Totipotency and Pluripotency, Analysis of Genomic Equivalence of Nuclei, Developmental Potency of Nuclei by Nuclear Transplantation in Eggs; Cell Interactions and Ooplasmic Determinants and Germ Cell Lineage in Eggs of Ascaris, Ooplasmic Determinants and Somatic Cell Determination in Tunicates; Embryonic Induction and Cell Determination: Primary and Secondary Induction, Instructive Interaction Between Ectoderm and Mesenchymal Cells, Permissive Interaction. Organogenesis of Vertebrate Eye: Adult Eye, Eye Field, Development and Differentiation of Retina, Lens and Cornea Tissue Interactions; Vertebrate Limb: Basic Structural Pattern, Limb Field, Determination, Pattern of Limb Polarities, Development, Role of Mesoderm and Ectoderm, Apical Ectodermal Ridge (AER), Control of Pattern Formation; Common Features of Eye and Limb Development.

Block-II Plant Development-II
Metamorphosis: Types of Development; Types of Metamorphic Changes; Larval Forms in Various Animal Gorups; Metamorphosis in Amphibians; The process of metamorphosis in anurans and unodeles. Hormones in Metamorphosis of Amphibia, Neoteny; Development, Growth and Metamorphosis in Insects; Factors Controlling Metamorphosis in insects, Comparison between Metamorphosis in Amphibians and Insects. Regeneration: Types of Regeneration: patterns of Reparative Regeneration: Limb Regeneration in Amphibians, The Origin of Regeneration cells of Blastema, Role of Wound Epidermis and Apical Epidermal cap, Role of Nerves and Hormones, Role of distal Transformation of Blastema; Lens Regeneration in Amphibians; Regeneration in Hydra; Regeneration in Planarians; Comparison between Regeneration and Embryonic Development; a Survey of Regenerative Capacity in the Animal Kingdom; Hetromorphosis. Growth: Allometric and Isometric Growth, Measurement of Growth, Factors Governing Growth; Aging; Consequences, Theories of Cellular Aging; Cancer – Result of Development Error: Characteristics of Malignant Cells, Causes, Stages and, Mechanism of Carcinogenesis, Multicausal Nature of Cancer. Human development: Gametogenesis: Spermatogenesis, Oogenesis; Female Reproductive Tract; Pre-Embryonic Development: Fertilization, The Pre-embryo, Embryonic and Foetal Development; Development Changes After Birth, Extra Embryonic Membranes and Placenta, Flaws in Development.

Block-III Animal Development-I
Beginning of a New Organism: Development in Eukaryotic unicellular animals; Structure and types of sperms, Process of Spermatogenesis and Spermiogenesis in sperm formation; Oogenesis in Amphibians and Mammals, Types of eggs on basis of presence of yolk and details of Egg Envelopes, Process of fertilization involving events before and after fusion of egg with sperm and at the time of fusion of egg and sperm pro-nuclei, Initiation of development. Cleavage and Gastrulation: Cleavage of Zygote and influence of yolk on cleavage; Planes, Patterns and Mechanisms of Zygote cleavage; Products of cleavage-Morula and Gastrula; Epiboly and Emboly Morphogenetic movements in gastrulation; Process of Gastrulation in sea urchins, amphibians and amniotes (chick and mammals especially eutherians). Morphogenesis and Tissue Organisation: Types of Morphogenetic processes and Modes of Cell movement in the formation of the Germ layers; Morphogenesis of Ectodermal derivatives namely neurulation in Amphibians and Chick, Mechanisms of neural plate formation, Morphogenesis of Mesodermal derivatives, Development of heart in amphibians and chick, development of blood cells, Origin and Morphogenesis of Endodermal derivatives, Origin and Migration of Primordial germ cells in Frog ,Chick and Mammals.Mechanisms of Cell Interactions: Totipotency and pluripotency, Mechanisms of Cell interaction, Analysis of genomic equivalance of Nuclei , Analysis of developmental potency of nuclei by method of nuclear transplantation in eggs. Cell determination, interactions and ooplasmic determinants, ooplasmic determinants and somatic determination in Tunicates, Embryonic induction and cell determination in neural ectoderm by induction from dorsal mesoderm (primary embryonic induction), Induction of mesoderm in amphibians, Secondary induction, instructive interaction between ectoderm and mesenchymal cell, Permissive interaction in Pancreas development, Organogenesis of Eye and Limb: Structure of adult vertebrate eye, Eye field, Development of vertebrate eye and differentiation of retina, lens and cornea, Tissue interactions in development of eye. Vertebrate limb and its basic structural pattern, limb field, Determination of limb polarities and pattern of limb development.

Block-IV Animal Development-II
Metamorphosis: Types of Development and Metamorphic Changes, Larval Forms in Various Animal Groups; Metamorphosis in Amphibians; the process of metamorphosis in anurans and urodeles; Hormones and their interactions in Metamorphosis of Amphibia, Neoteny; Devlopment, Growth and Metamorphosis in Insects, Factors Controlling Metamorphosis in insects, Comparison between Metamorphosis in Amphibians and Insects. Regeneration: Types of Regeneration, Patterns of Reparative Regeneration: Limb Regeneration in Amphibians, The Origin of Regeneration cells of Blastema, Role of Wound Epidermis, Apical Epidermal cap, Role of Nerves and Hormones in regeneration, Role of Distal Transformation of Blastema; Lens Regeneration in Amphibians, Regeneration in Hydra; and in Planarians, Comparison between Regeneration and Embryonic Development, A survey of Regenerative Capacity in the Animal Kingdom, Hetromorphosis. Growth, Aging, Cancer: definition of Growth, Allometric and Isometric Growth, Measurement of Growth, Factors Governing Growth, Aging and its Consequences, Theories of Cellular Aging; Cancer as a result of Developmental Error, Characteristics of Malignant Cells, Causes, Stages and, Mechanism of Carcinogenesis, Multicausal Nature of Cancer, Human development: Gametogenesis, Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis in humans,structure of Female Reproductive Tract, Pre-Embryonic Development: Fertilization, The Pre-embryo development and implantation, Embryonic and Foetal Development; Developmental Changes After Birth, Extra Embryonic Membranes and Placenta, Flaws in Development.

UGBY-10
Taxonomy and Evolution

Block-01 History and Concept of Taxonomy
Taxonomy; Aims, Objectives and Importance; Principles of Taxonomy and Systematics; History of Plant Classification; History of Animal Taxonomy; Plant Taxonomy in Ancient India. Types of Classification; Linnaeus Era: Artificial system of Classification, Natural System of Classification Bentham and Hooker; Phylogenetic Systems of Classification – Engler and Prantl’s, Hutchinson’s, Takhtajan System of classification of animals. Types of Classification – Phenetic Classification, Natural Classification, Phylogenetic or Cladistic Classification, Evolutionary Classification, Omnispective Classification, Taxonomic Hierarchy. The Five Kingdom System. Development of Concepts, Binomial Nomenclature; Important Rules of Nomenclature; Binomial System.

Block-II Tools and Trends in Taxonomy
Tools of Taxonomist: Field Observations, Ecological-Physiological; Herbaria and Museums, Botanical gardens, Zoological Parks; National Parks. Approach in Taxonomy, Morphological, Anatomical, Palynological, Embryological, Cytological, Paleobotanical, Physiological, Ecological Evidences, Taxonomy Library Documentation; Keys to Identification; Herbarium Ethics – Modern trends in Plant Taxonomy, Alpha and Omega Taxonomy; Chemotaxonomy; Numerical Taxonomy, Immunotaxonomy.

Block-III Evolution -I
Concept of Organic Evolution: Pre-Darwinian Evolutionary Thinking; Lamarckism; Darwinism – The Significance, Neo-Darwinism and Modern Synthesis; From Modern Synthesis to Molecular Genetics; Challenges to Darwinism; Creationism. The Geological Records, Evolution of the Horse; Evidences of Evolution; Biogeography, Comparative Anatomy, Comparative Embryology, Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Basis for Natural Selection; Sources and Expression of Variability; Concept of Fitness; Natural Selection Under Different Environmental Conditions.

Block-IV Evolution -II
Natural Selection in Action: Industrial Melanism; Interspecific Competition, Coadapted Communities, Character Displacement and Ecological Exclusion; Parasitism, Predation and Coevolution; Sexual Selection; Kin and Group Selection. Concept of Species; Mechanisms of Speciation; Genetic Repatterning during Isolation; Isolating Mechanisms. Human Evolution – Primate Heritage; Trends in Human Evolution; An Overview of Hominid Phylogeny. Symbolising and Language Skills; Evolution of Culture; Natural Selection and Future of Man.

UGBY-11/UGSTAT-01
Statistical Methods

BLOCK – I . Data Collection and Its Representation

Unit-I- Data Collection and Tabulation :
Meanings, Definitions and Applications of Statistics, Measurements and Scale, Measurements of qualitative data, Methods of data collection, Types of data.

Unit-II- Representation of Data- I (Diagrammatical representation):
Frequency distribution, Tabulation of data, Diagrammatical Representation of data, Bar diagram, Multiple bar diagram, Divided bar diagram, Percentage bar diagram, Pie chart, Pictogram, leaf chart,

Unit-II- Representation of Data- I (Graphical representation):
Graphical representation of frequency distribution, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Frequency curve, Ogive.

BLOCK – II . Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion

Unit-I- Measures of Central Tendency :
Types of measures of central tendency, Arithmetic mean, Fundamental Theorems on
Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Median, Mode, Percentiles, Deciles, and Quartiles.

Unit-II- Measures of Dispersion :
Types of measures of Dispersion, Range, Mean Deviation, Variance and Standard deviation, Effect of change of origin and scale, Relationship between measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion, Coefficient of variation.

BLOCK – II . Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

Unit-I- Moments, Raw Moments and Central Moments :
Definition of moments, raw moments for ungrouped data, raw moments for grouped data, Central moments, Factorial moments, Interrelationship between various moments, effect of change of origin and scale on moments, Charlier’s checks, Sheppard”s correction for moments.

Unit-II- Skewness and Kurtosis :
Definition of skewness, Measures of skewness, Pearson’s coefficient, Bowley’s coefficients, Kurtosis, Measures of Kurtosis, effect of change of origin and scale.

UGBY (L)-1

Laboratory Work-I - Lab Work Practical’s Based on UGBY-05 & 06

UGBY (L)-2

Laboratory Work-II - Plant Diverstiy: Lab Work Practical’s Based on UGBY-07 & 08

F. BIOCHEMISTRY

Year

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

Compulsory Elective

Compulsory Core Course

 

1st year

257

UGBCH-01

Introduction to Biochemistry

3

 

8

Compulsory

258

UGBCH-02

Intermediary Metabolism

3

264

UGBCH-(L)1

Practical Based on UGBCH-01 & 02

2

 

2nd year

259

UGBCH-03

Bio Analytical Techniques

3

8

Compulsory

260

UGBCH-04

Nutritional Biochemistry

3

265

UGBCH-(L)2

Practical Based on UGBCH-03 & 04

2

 

3rd year

262

UGBCH-07

Enzymology

3

8

Compulsory

263

UGBCH-08

Plant Biochemistry

3

266

UGBCH-(L-4)

Practical Based on UGBCH-07 & 08

2

Discipline-Centric Elective Course (Select any two papers)

 

 

261

UGBCH-06

Immunology

4

 

 

Elective

 

2780

UGBCH-09

Statistical Methods

4

2781

UGBCH-10

Biophysical Chemistry

4

2782

UGBCH- 11

Spectroscopy

4

 

Compulsory Foundation Course

 1st year

2700

UGFODL

Foundation Course in Open and Distance Learning

Non-credit

Compulsory

2nd year

012

CHEQ/EA

Foundation Course in Environment Awareness

Non-credit

Compulsory

3rd year

003

UGFIT

Foundation Course in Information Technology

Non-credit

Compulsory

Elective foundation Course

 

1st year

001

UGFHS

Foundation Course in Humanities and Social Science

4

 

 

Elective

 

2nd year

004

or
005

UGFEG

or
UGFHD

Foundation Course in English
or
Foundation course in Hindi

 

4
or
4

3rd year

2501
or
007
or
009
or
2701

DM
or
AOCHE
Or
AOCNC
Or
SWM

Foundation course in disaster management
or
Human Environment
or
Nutrition for the Community
Or
Solid waste Management 

4
or
4
or
4
or
4

Skill Based Programs ( select  either in 2nd year or in 3rd  year )

Either in 2nd year or
 in 3rd  year

2651
or
2652
or
2654
or
2655

UGSSC-01
or
UGSSC-02
or
UGSSC-04
or
UGSSC-05

 

Microsoft Office and Internet
or
Introduction to Yoga & Its Stream
or
Diet Therapy
or
Public Health & Hygiene

8
or
8
or
8
or
8

 

 

Elective

 

UGBCH -03
BIO ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES

Block-I
Chromatography
Unit-01 Principals of partition chromatography; exchange, gel filtration chromatography, chromatography (HPCL) oaper, thin layer. Ion High pressure liquid.

Block II
Spectroscopy
Unit-01 Concepts of Spectroscopy , Beer-Lambert’s law, Visible and UV Spectroscopy, Applications of colorimetry.

Block-III
Electrophoresis
Unit-01 Principles of Electrophoresis, Separation of proteins by PAGE and SDS-PAGE, Agarose gel Electrophoresis of separation of nucleic acids.

Block-IV
Centrifugation
Unit-01 Principles of Centrifugation, Differential Centrifugation, Applications of Centrifugation and Density Gradient.

UGBCH -04
NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY

Block-I
Elements of Nutrition
Unit-01 Dietary requirements of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Essential amino acids, essential fatty acids and their physiological functions. Malnutrition.

Block-II
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Unit-01 Concept of BMR, Factors affecting BMR, Measurement of fuel value of foods.

Block-III
Minerals
Unit-01 Nutrition importance of dietary calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, iodine, zinc and copper.

Block-IV
Vitamins
Unit-01 Biochemical functions, requirements and deficiency diseases associated with vitamin B Complex, C and A,D,E, and K Vitamins.

UGBCH -05
MICROBIOLOGY

Block-I-History of Microbiology
Unit-01Classification of Microbiology, Differences in prokaryotes and eukaryates.

Block-II-Bacteria
Unit-01 Structure of bacterial cell, gram+ve and gram-ve bacteria, Microscopy- simple, compound, phases contrast and fluorescence microscopy.

Block-III-Methods for Isolation and Cultivation of Bacteria, and Fungi
Unit-01 Culture media, nutritional requirements and growth characteristics of bacteria

Block-IV
Role of Bacteria in Agriculture
Unit-01 Biological nitrogen fixation, microbes as Bio fertilizers, role of bacteria in N,P, S, C cycle.

Block-V
Genetic Recombination in Bacteria
Unit-01 Conjugation, Transduction, and Transformation.

Block-VI
Viruses
Unit-01 General Structure and Classification, properties of Viruses.

UGBCH -06
IMMUNOLOGY

Block-I- Introduction to immune system
Unit-01 Innate and acquired immunity

Block-II-Nature of Antigen and Antibody
Unit-01 Criteria of Antigen city, Hap tens; Classification, types and functions of antibodies, antigenic determinants of immunoglobulins

Block III-Diversity in Immune System
Unit-01 Clonal Selection theory, concept of antigen specific receptor, generation of antibody diversity, T-Cell receptor diversity.

Block-IV-Measurement of antigen-antibody Interactions
Unit-01 Agglutination, Precipitations, opsonizatcon, gel diffusion (Ouchterlony double immune diffusion), Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay

Block-V-Disorderds of Immune Responses
Unit-01 Autoimmunity and Acquired immunodeficiency, immune tolerance and hypersensitivity

UGBCH -07
ENZYMOLOGY

Block-I-Classification and Kinetics of Enzymes
Unit-01 Enzymes classification, Concept of ES Complex, Michaelis- Menten equation, Different plots for the determination of Km, Vmax and their physiological significances.

Block-II-Enzyme Inhibition
Unit-01 Reversible and irreversible inhibition, competitive, non-competitive and un-competitive inhibition.

Block-III-Mechanism of Enzyme Action
Unit-01 Acid-base catalysis, chemical modification of active site group; mechanism of action of chymotrypsim and lysozyme

Block-IV-Enzame Regulation
Unit-01 General Mechanisms of enzyme regulation, feed back inhibition, Allosteric enzymes, positive and negative cooperatively with special reference to aspartate transcarbamoylase and phosphofructo kinase.

Block-V-Multienzyme System
Unit-01 Enzyme- enzyme, mechanism of action and regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase, isoenzymes.

UGBCH -08
PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY

Block-I-Electron Transport System in Plants
Unit-01Oxidative phosphorylation, mitochondrial respiratory complexes, orgamisation of electron carriers, mechanism of ATP Synthesis .

Block II-Nitrogen Metabolism
Unit-01 Assimilation of nitrate, enzyme of nitrate reduction and their regulation, incorporation and assimilation of ammonia into organic compounds.

Block III-Photosynthesis
Unit-01 Photosynthetic apparatus and pigments involved in photosynthesis, photosystems, Hill reaction, generation of NADPH and ATP, light harvesting complexes, path of carbon in photosynthesis, C3 and C4 pathway of carbon reduction, photorespiration

Block IV-Secondary Plant Metabolism
Unit -01 Classification and biosynthesis of Terpenes, Lignins, Waxes and Alkaloids

Block- V-Stress Metabolism in Plants
Unit-01 A biotic and biotic Stress; Salinity, Water Stress, Chilling, Heat, Pathogenesis, Heavy metals and their impact on plant growth and metabolism

UGBCH-09(N)/UGSTAT-01
Statistical Methods

BLOCK – I . Data Collection and Its Representation

Unit-I- Data Collection and Tabulation :
Meanings, Definitions and Applications of Statistics, Measurements and Scale, Measurements of qualitative data, Methods of data collection, Types of data.
Unit-II- Representation of Data- I (Diagrammatical representation):
Frequency distribution, Tabulation of data, Diagrammatical Representation of data, Bar diagram, Multiple bar diagram, Divided bar diagram, Percentage bar diagram, Pie chart, Pictogram, leaf chart,
Unit-II- Representation of Data- I (Graphical representation):
Graphical representation of frequency distribution, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Frequency curve, Ogive.

BLOCK – II . Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion

Unit-I- Measures of Central Tendency :
Types of measures of central tendency, Arithmetic mean, Fundamental Theorems on
Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Median, Mode, Percentiles, Deciles, and Quartiles.
Unit-II- Measures of Dispersion :
Types of measures of Dispersion, Range, Mean Deviation, Variance and Standard deviation, Effect of change of origin and scale, Relationship between measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion, Coefficient of variation.

BLOCK – II . Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

Unit-I- Moments, Raw Moments and Central Moments :
Definition of moments, raw moments for ungrouped data, raw moments for grouped data, Central moments, Factorial moments, Interrelationship between various moments, effect of change of origin and scale on moments, Charlier’s checks, Sheppard”s correction for moments.
Unit-II- Skewness and Kurtosis :
Definition of skewness, Measures of skewness, Pearson’s coefficient, Bowley’s coefficients, Kurtosis, Measures of Kurtosis, effect of change of origin and scale.

UGBCH-10/ UGCHE -05
Bio-Physical Chemistry

Organic Chemistry-I
Block-I Fundamental Concept
Unit-1 Bonding, Functional Group Classification and Nomenclature
Unit-2 Stereochemistry-I- Isomerism, Geometrical & Optical Isomerism
Unit-3 Stereochemistry-II Configuration and Fischer Projection Formulas, Asymmetric Synthesis, Walden Inversion, Conformational Isomers, Ethane, Butane, and Cyclic Systems
Unit-4 Effect of Molecular Architecture on Physical Properties- General Ideas about the Spectroscopy, Ultraviolet Spectroscopy, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Mass Spectrometry
Unit-5 Structure Reactivity Relationships

UGBCH-11(N)/UGCHE-10
Spectroscopy

Block-I Basic Concept and Rotational Spectra
Unit-01 Spectra of Atoms
Unit-02 Symmetry of Molecules
Unit-03 Rotational Spectra

Block-II IR and Raman Spectra
Unit-04 Vibratinal Spectra of Diatomic Molecules
Unit-05 Infrared Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules
Unit-06 Raman Spectroscopy

Block-III Electronic Spectra and Instrumentation
Unit-07 Electronic Spectra-I born- Oppenheimer Appoximation, Electronic States of Diatomic Molecules, Franck- Condor, Principal, Electronic Spectra, Polyatomic Molecules, Carbonyl Chromophore
Unit-08 Electronic Spectra-II Models for Metal, ligand and Interactions, Crystal field theory, Deexcitation Processes in electronic Spectroscopy
Unit-09 Optical Spectroscopy: Instrumentation and Sampling

Block-IV Resonance Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry
Unit-10 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
U nit-11 Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Unit-12 Mass Spectrometry
Unit-13 Exercises in Problem Solving using IR, UV, NMR and Mass Spectral Techniques

UGBCH-(L)-1

Practical’s based on UGBCH-01 &02

UGBCH-(L)-2

Practical’s based on UGBCH-05 &06

UGBCH-(L)-3

Practical’s based on UGBCH-07 &08

 

 

G. STATISTICS

Year

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

Compulsory Elective

      Compulsory Core Course

 

1st year

268

UGSTAT-01

 

Statistical Methods

3
3            8
2

Compulsory

269

UGSTAT-02

Probability & Distribution

1968

UGSTAT-09 (P)

Practical Based On UGSTAT- 01 & 02

2nd year

270

UGSTAT-03

Correlation, Regression and Statistical Inference

3
3            8
2

Compulsory

271

 

UGSTAT-04

Sampling Theory & Design Of Experiments

1969

UGSTAT-10 (P)

Practical Based On UGSTAT- 03 & 04

 

3rd year

273

UGSTAT-06

Applied Statistics

3
3            8
2

Compulsory

275

UGSTAT-08

Advance Statistical Inference

1970

UGSTAT-11 (P)

Practical Based On UGSTAT- 06 & 08

Discipline-Centric Elective Course  (Select any two Papers)

 

272

UGSTAT-05

Numerical Methods & Basic Computer Knowledge

4

 

 

Elective

 

274

UGSTAT-07

Operation Research

4

2789

UGSTAT-12

Official Statistics

4

Compulsory Foundation Course

 

1st year

2700

UGFODL

Foundation Course in Open and Distance Learning

Non-credit

Compulsory

2nd year

012

CHEQ/EA

Foundation Course in Environment Awareness

Non-credit

Compulsory

3rd year

003

UGFIT

Foundation Course in Information Technology

Non-credit

Compulsory

Elective foundation Course

 

1st year

001

UGFHS

Foundation Course in Humanities and Social Science

8

 

 

Elective

 

2nd year

004

or
005

UGFEG

or
UGFHD

Foundation Course in English
or
Foundation course in Hindi

 

4
or
4

3rd year

2501
or
007
or
009
or
2701

DM
or
AOCHE
Or
AOCNC
Or
SWM

Foundation course in disaster management
or
Human Environment
or
Nutrition for the Community
Or
Solid waste Management 

4
or
4
or
4
or
4

Skill Based Programs (select  either in 2nd year or in 3rd  year )

Either in 2nd year
Or
 in 3rd  year

2651
or
2656

or
2657
or
2658

UGSSC-01
or
UGSSC-06

or
UGSSC- 07
or
UGSSC-08

 

Microsoft Office and Internet
or
Programming & problem solving Using 'C' Language
or
Fundamental Of Computer & IT
or
Computer Network & Security Maintenance

8
or
8
or
8
or
8

 

 

Elective

 

UGSTAT-01
Statistical Methods

BLOCK – I . Data Collection and Its Representation

Unit-I- Data Collection and Tabulation :
Meanings, Definitions and Applications of Statistics, Measurements and Scale, Measurements of qualitative data, Methods of data collection, Types of data.
Unit-II- Representation of Data- I (Diagrammatical representation):
Frequency distribution, Tabulation of data, Diagrammatical Representation of data, Bar diagram, Multiple bar diagram, Divided bar diagram, Percentage bar diagram, Pie chart, Pictogram, leaf chart,
Unit-II- Representation of Data- I (Graphical representation):
Graphical representation of frequency distribution, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Frequency curve, Ogive.

BLOCK – II . Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion

Unit-I- Measures of Central Tendency :
Types of measures of central tendency, Arithmetic mean, Fundamental Theorems on
Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Median, Mode, Percentiles, Deciles, and Quartiles.
Unit-II- Measures of Dispersion :
Types of measures of Dispersion, Range, Mean Deviation, Variance and Standard deviation, Effect of change of origin and scale, Relationship between measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion, Coefficient of variation.

BLOCK – II . Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

Unit-I- Moments, Raw Moments and Central Moments :
Definition of moments, raw moments for ungrouped data, raw moments for grouped data, Central moments, Factorial moments, Interrelationship between various moments, effect of change of origin and scale on moments, Charlier’s checks, Sheppard”s correction for moments.
Unit-II- Skewness and Kurtosis :
Definition of skewness, Measures of skewness, Pearson’s coefficient, Bowley’s coefficients, Kurtosis, Measures of Kurtosis, effect of change of origin and scale.

UGSTAT-02
Probability and Distribution

BLOCK – I . Probability Theory
Unit-I- Random experiments and Probability :
Deterministic and random experiments, Sample space, Events, Algebra of Events, Axiomatic definition of Probability, Classical definition of Probability, Statistical definition of probability, Addition Theorem of Probability .
Unit-II- Conditional Probability:
Conditional probability, Multiplicative theorem of Probability, Independent events, Partition of sample space, Baye’s Theorem.

BLOCK – II . Probability Distributions and Expectations
Unit-I- Random Variables and Probability Distributions:
Definition and types of random variable, Cumulative distribution function and its properties, Probability Mass Function, Probability Density Function..
Unit-II- Expectation:
Definition and types of Mathematical Expectation, Moments in terms of expectation, Mathematical and Multiplication theorems of Expectation, other theorems on expectation.
Unit-III- Inequalities for Moments:
Cauchy-Schwartz Inequality, Markov’s inequality, Chebyshev’s inequality.

BLOCK – III . Concept of Probability Distributions
Unit-I- Univariate Distributions:
Bernoulli Distribution, Binomial Distribution, mean and variance of binomial distribution, Moments, Moments Generating Function, Additive and Multiplicative property, Recurrence relation for moments, Fitting of Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution, Poisson Distribution as a limiting case of Binomial Distribution, mean and variance of Poisson distribution, Moments, Moment Generating Function, Additive and Reproductive property, Recurrence relation for moments, fitting of Poisson Distribution.
Unit-II- Discreet Distribution:
Geometric Distribution, mean and variance, moment generating function of geometric distribution, Negative Binomial Distribution, Moment Generating Function, Mean and Variance, Recurrence formulae for negative Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution as a limiting case of Negative Binomial Distribution, Hyper Geometric Distribution, Mean and Variance, Recurrence relation for Hyper Geometric distribution..
Unit-III- Normal Distribution:
Normal Distribution and its parameters, Standard Normal Distribution, Moments, Moments Generating Function, Area Property, properties of normal curve, Standard Scores, Advantages and Characteristics of Z Scores.
Unit-IV- Continuous Distribution:
Uniform Distribution, Moment Generating Function, Distribution Function, Moments of Uniform Distribution, Exponential Distribution, Moments, Moment Generating Function, Lack of Memory Property.

UGSTAT-03
Correlation, Regression And statistical Inference

BLOCK – I . Correlation and Regression
Unit-I- Bivariate Data and Correlation:
Scatter Diagram, Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation, Properties of correlation coefficient, limits of correlation coefficient, Effect of change of origin and scale on correlation coefficient.
Unit-II- Regression:
Regressions, linear regression model, principal of least square, Regression lines, Regression coefficient, Properties of Regression coefficients.
Unit-III- Correlation and Intra Class Correlation:
Rank correlation coefficient, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients, rank correlation coefficient for tied ranks, Intra-class correlation, some remarks on Intra-class correlation.
Unit-IV- Theory of Attributes:
Combinations, Classes and Class frequencies of Attributes, Dichotomous Classification, Consistency of data, joint distribution of attributes, Contingency tables, Independence and Association of Attributes, Measures of Association, Yates Correction.

BLOCK – II . Basic Principles of Statistical Inference
Unit-I- Estimation :
Point Estimation, properties of a good estimators, Consistency, Unbiased ness, Efficiency, Sufficiency, Confidence Interval Estimation .
Unit-II- Method of Estimation:
Procedures of Estimation, Method of Moments, method of Maximum Likelihood, Method of Scoring, Properties of Estimators.
Unit-III- Testing of Hypothesis :
Statistical Hypothesis, Simple and Composite Hypothesis, Critical Region, Two kinds of Error, One-tailed and Two-tailed tests, Test of Significance, Most Powerful Test, Uniformly Most Powerful Test .

BLOCK – III . Test of Significance
Unit-I- Exact Tests and Fisher’s transformations :
Tests of Significance based on Chi-Square Distribution, Tests of Significance based on t – Distribution, Tests of Significance based on F – Distribution, Tests of Significance based on Fisher’s Z - Distribution.
Unit-II- Large Sample Tests :
Testing Significance of Mean, Testing Equality of Means, Testing Significance of Proportion, Testing Equality of Proportions, Testing Significance of Standard Deviation, Testing Equality of Standard Deviation.
Unit-III- Non-Parametric Tests :
Non Parametric Tests, Sign Test, Wilcoxon Signed- Rank Test, Mann- Whitney U-Test, Run Test.

UGSTAT-04
Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments

BLOCK – I . Samplings Theory - I
Unit-I- Simple Random Sampling:
Advantages of Sampling over Complete Enumeration, Sampling and Non Sampling Errors, Probability or Random Sampling, Bias of an Estimator, Measures of Sampling Error, Simple Random Sampling Without Replacement (SRSWOR) .
Unit-II- Stratified Random Sampling:
Introduction, Reasons & Advantages of Stratification, Some theorems .
Unit-III- Allocation of Sample Size and Systematic Sampling:
.Introduction, Equal Allocation, Proportional Allocation, Variance of Stratified Mean under Proportional Allocation, Optimum Allocation, Varience of Stratified Mean under Neyman Allocation, Relationship Among Three Variences, Impact of Arbitrary Allocation, Practical difficulties in Implementing Neyman Alloation, Systematic Random Sampling.

BLOCK – II . Sampling Theory - II
Unit-I- Ratio and Regression Methods of Estimation:
Introduction, Ratio and Regression Estimators, Approximate Variances of the Ratio Estimators
Unit-II- Cluster and Two Stage Sampling:
Cluster Sampling (Equal Cluster- Size), Estimation of Mean with SRS at both Stages, Relative Efficiency of Cluster Sampling, Two Stage Sampling, Estimation of Mean, Optimum Allocation when Cost Fixed and when Variance Fixed, Two- Phase (Double) Sampling for Stratification, Estimation of Mean, Difference between Multistage Sampling and Two Phase Sampling.
Unit-III- Non- Sampling Errors: Response Error and Non Response Errors:
Introduction, Errors in Sampling, Sampling Errors, Non Sampling Errors, Response Errors, Sources of Non Sampling Errors, Method of Minimizing Non- Response Errors.

BLOCK – III . Design and Analysis of Experiments
Unit-I- Analysis of Variance, Design of Experiment and Completely Block Design :
Analysis of Variance, Linear Models and Analysis of Variance, Design of Experiment, Basic Principles of Design of Experiments, Completely Randomized Design.
Unit-II- Randomized Block Design and Latin square Design:
Randomised Block Design, Efficiency of RBD, Missing Plot Technique, Latin Square Design, Efficiency of LSD.

UGSTAT-05
Numerical Methods & Basic Computer Knowledge

BLOCK – I . Finite Differences
Unit-I- Finite Differences:
Forward Difference Operator, Difference Table, The Operator E, The Operator D, Backward Differences, Factorial Polynomial, Central Differences, Mean Operator.
Unit-II- Interpolation With Equal Intervals:
Introduction, Missing Values, Newton- Gregory Forward & Backward Interpolation Formula,
Unit-III- Interpolation With Un-Equal Intervals:
Introduction, Missing Values, Properties of Divided Differences, Newton’s Divided Difference Interpolating Polynomial, Error of the interpolation Polynomial Divided Differences and Derivatives.
Unit-IV- Lagrange’s Interpolation :
Introduction, Lagrange’s Interpolating Polynomial, General Error term or Reminder Term, Linear Interpolation, error in Linear Interpolation.

BLOCK – II . Central Differences
Unit-I- Central Difference Interpolation Formulae:
Introduction, Gauss Forward & Backward Formulae, Stirling’s Formula, Bessel’s Formula, Bessel’s Formula for halves.
Unit-II- Inverse Interpolation:
Inverse Interpolation by Lagrange’s method, method of Successive Approximation, Method of Reversion of Series.
Unit-III- Numerical Differentiation:
Introduction, Numerical Differential for Equal Intervals, Numerical Differential for Un-Equal Intervals, Approximation Formulae for the Derivative of a Function.
Unit-IV- Numerical Integration:
Introduction, Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson’s One-Third Rule, Simpson’s Three-Eighth Rule, Waddle’s Rule, Eular-Maculerian Formula.

BLOCK – III . Computer
Unit-I- Introduction to Computer :
Introduction, Characteristics of computer, Historical Evaluation of Computer, Generation of Computers, Classification of computers.
Unit-II- Hardware:
Introduction, CPU, Memory Organization, Input-Output Devices.
Unit-III- System Software:
Introduction, System Software, File Commands, Editing, Commands, Disk Management Commands, Number System

BLOCK – IV . Basics of Computer Programming
Unit-I- Algorithm & Flow Charts :
Introduction, Algorithm, Flow Charts.
Unit-II- Programming Language:
Introduction, Machine Language, Assembly Language & Assembler, High Level Language, Object Oriented Programming, Programming Language Generation..

UGSTAT-06
Applied Statistics

BLOCK – I . Index Numbers:
Unit-I- Index Number: General Theory:
Definition & Construction of an Index number, Price Relatives, Quantity or Volume Relatives, Value Relatives, Link & Chain Relatives, Problem involved in computation of an Index Number .
Unit-II- Index Numbers: Important Formulae:
Introduction, Calculation of Index Number, Laspeyre’s, Paasche’s, Marshall- Edgeworth’s, fisher’s formulae, other indices, Quantity Index, Criteria of good Index Number
Unit-III- Consumer Price Index Number:
Introduction, Construction & Computation of Consumer Price Index Number (CPI), Steps in construction of CPI, Use & Limitations of CPI, Base Shifting of Index Numbers, Splicing of Index Number Series, Deflating the Index Number, Index of Industrial Production.

BLOCK – II . Time Series Analysis:
Unit-I- Time Series: Introduction, Utility of Time Series Analysis, Component of Time Series,
Mathematical Models For Time Series Analysis.
Unit-II- Determination of Trends:
Introduction, Graphic Method, Method of Semi Averages, Method of Curve Fitting by the Principle of Least Squares, Method of Moving Averages (when Period is Even & Odd).
Unit-III- Determination of Seasonal Indices:
Introduction, Measurement of Seasonal Indices, Method of Simple Averages, Ratio to Trend Method, Ratio to Moving Average Method, Method of Link Relatives.

BLOCK – III . Demography:
Unit-I- Sources of Demographic Data :
Introduction, Demography & Vital Statistics, Sources of Demographic Data, Errors in Data Collection, Evaluation & its Adjustments, Rates & Ratios.
Unit-II- Measures of Mortality: Introduction, Measures of Mortality, CDR, SDR, StDR, MMR, IMR.
Unit-III- Measures of Fertility : Introduction, Measures of Fertility, CBR, GFR, ASFR, TFR.
Unit-IV- Life Tables: Introduction, Description & Construction of Complete Life Table, Uses of a Life
Table.
Unit-IV- Measures of Reproductivity: Introduction, GRR, NRR.

BLOCK – III . Statistical Quality Control:

Unit-I- Introduction of Statistical Quality Control :
Introduction, Advantages of Quality Control, Quality Characteristics, Basic Principles & Operating Characteristics of Control Charts, Choice of Control Limits, Sample Size & Sample Frequency, Rational Subgroups, Analysis of Pattern on Control Charts, Rate of Detection of Change in Average Level.
Unit-II- Control Charts for Variables:
Introduction, Control Charts for Mean, Control Charts FDor Range, Control Charts for Standard Deviation.
Unit-III- Control Charts for Attributes :
Introduction, Control Charts for Fraction Defectives, Control Charts for Number of Defectives, Control Charts for Number of Defects .
Unit-IV- Principles of Acceptance Sampling:
Introduction, AQL, LTPD, Producer’s Risk, Consumer’s Risk, OC Function, AOQ, Average Total Inspection, Average Sample Number, Single Sampling Plan, Double Sampling Plan, Sampling Inspection by Variables.

UGSTAT-07
Operation Research

BLOCK – I . Formulation of Linear Programming Problems
Unit-I- Introduction to Operation Research:
Introduction, Phases of OR Problem, Operation Research Modeling Approach, Defining the Problem & Gathering Data, Formulating a Mathematical Models, Deriving Solution from the Model Introduction to Linear Programming, Formulation of a Linear Programming Problem with examples.
Unit-II- Graphical Method top Solve LPP:
Introduction, Graphical Solution to Linear Programming Problem.

BLOCK – II . Simplex Method of Solving LPP
Unit-I- Simplex Method :
Introduction, Principle of Simplex Method, Simplex Method with Several Decision Variables, Two Phase & M-Method, Multiple, Unbounded Solution & Infeasible Problems, Sensitivity Analysis.
Unit-II- Duality Problem in LPP:
Introduction, Dual Linear Programming Problem, Formulation of a Dual Problem with example.

BLOCK – III . Transportation Problem & Assignment Problem
Unit-I- Representation of Transportation Problem (Non-Generated & Balanced Cases only) & Assignment Problem as Linear Programming Problem:
Introduction of T.P. & A.P., Transportation Problem as LPP, Non-Degenerate Transportation Problem, Balanced Transportation Problem, Assignment Problem &LPP, Balanced Assignment Problem.
Unit-II- Different Methods of Finding Initial Feasible Solution of a Transportation Problem (T.P., MODI Method of Finding Optimal Solution of a T.P.) :
Introduction, Basic Feasible Solution of a Transportation Problem, Modified Distribution Method (MODI), Vogel’s Approximation Method (VAM), Maximization in a Transportation Problem .
Unit-III- Solution of Assignment Problem With using Hungarian Method :
Introduction, Solution of an Assignment Problem, Hungarian Method, Maximization in an Assignment Problem.

BLOCK – IV . Theory of Games
Unit-I- Basic Concepts of Game Theory :
Introduction, A Game, Pure & Mixed Strategies, Two- Person Zero- Sum Game, Pay-Off Matrix, Games without Saddle Point and Mixed Strategies, Methods of Solving Game Problems.
Unit-II- Dominance Rule, Equivalence of Rectangular Games with Linear Programming :
Introduction, Rectangular Games without Saddle Point, Dominance Property of reducing the Size of the Game, Solution Methods of Games without Saddle Point, Equivalence of Rectangular Games with Linear Programming.

UGSTAT-08
Advance Statistical Inference

BLOCK – I . Point Estimation
Unit-I- Introduction to Statistical Inference:
Introduction, Parameter & Statistic, Parametric & Non-Parametric Methods, Likelihood Function of Sample Values, Sampling Distribution, Standard Error of the Statistic.
Unit-II- Point Estimation & Cramer Rao Inequality:
Introduction, Point Estimation, Properties of Estimators, Unbiasedness, Consistency, Efficiency, MVUE, C-R Inequality.
Unit-III- Sufficiency & Factorization Theorem:
Introduction, Sufficiency, Neymam- Fisher Factorization Theorem, Koopmam’s form of the Distribution, Invariance Property of Sufficient Statistics.
Unit-IV- Complete Sufficient Statistics & Rao Blackwell Theorem:
Introduction, Complete Family of Distributions, Rao-Blackwell Theorem.

BLOCK – II . MVU Estimation
Unit-I- MUV Estimators :
Introduction, Minimum Variance Unbiased Estimation, Some Theorems on MVUE.
Unit-II- Complete Sufficient Statistics:
Introduction, Sufficient Statistic & Completeness, Lehmann- Scheffe Theorem, Construction of UMVUE.

BLOCK – III . Testing of Hypothesis - I
Unit-I- Preliminary Concepts in Testing:
Introduction, Types of Hypothesis, Types of Error, Critical Region, Power Function.
Unit-II- MP & UMP Tests :
Introduction, Most Powerful Test, Uniformly Most Powerful Test.

BLOCK – IV . Testing of Hypothesis -II
Unit-I- Neyman- Pearson Lemma, Likelihood Ratio Test & Their Uses :
Introduction, Neyman-Pearson Lemma, Likelihood Ratio Test.
Unit-II- Testing of Means of Normal Population :
Introduction, One Sample Problem, Two Sample Problem.
Unit-I- Interval estimation :
Introduction, Confidence Interval & Confidence Coefficient, C.I. For Sample Mean from a Normal Population, C.I. for differences of Means From Two Normal Population.
Unit-II- Shortest & Shortest Unbiased Confidence Intervals :
Introduction, Intervals of Shortest Length, Neyman’s Principle of Shortest Confidence Interval, Unbiased Confidence Interval, Shortest Unbiased Confidence Interval, Case of Discreet Random Variables.

UGSTAT-09 (P)

Related Practical Based on UGSTAT 01& 02

UGSTAT-10 (P)

Related Practical Based on UGSTAT 03 & 04

UGSTAT-11 (P)

Related Practical Based on UGSTAT 06 & 08

UGSTAT-12
Official Statistics

Block – 1: Official Statistics
Unit – 1:
About the official Statistics, Use of Statistics in different offices, Census, National Samplev Survey Office, Birth and Death Registration. etc Introduction to Indian and International statistical systems. Role, function and activities of Central and State statistical organizations. Organization of large scale sample surveys. Role of National Sample Survey Organization. General and special data dissemination systems. Population growth in developed and developing countries, evaluation of performance of family welfare programmes, projections of labour force and manpower. Scope and content of population census of India. System of collection of Agricultural Statistics. Crop forecasting and estimation, productivity, fragmentation of holdings, support prices, buffer stocks, impact of irrigation projects. Statistics related to industries, foreign trade, balance of payment, cost of living, inflation, educational and other social statistics.

Unit – 2:
Present official statistical system in India, Methods of collection of official statistics, their reliability and limitations. Principal publications containing data on the topics such as population, agriculture, industry, trade, prices, labour and employment, transport and communications, banking and finance. Various official agencies responsible for data collection and their main functions.

Unit – 3: Statistical Methods for Total Quality Management

Quality Systems, ISO 9000 standards, QS 9000 standards. Concept of six-sigma and the Define-Measure-Analyse-Improve-Control Approach. Precision and accuracy in measurement systems. Estimation of Measurement Uncertainty. Total Quality Management, Process Analysis and Optimization. Quality at Design stage, Quality Function Deployment, Failure Mode and Effect Analysis, Conjoint Analysis. System, parameter and tolerance designs. Planning and analysis of fractional factorial experiments. Basic ideas of response surface methodology and contour plots. Quality in manufacturing, control charts for attribute and variable characteristics, process adjustments based on control chart evidences. Process capability and performance indices. Evolutionary operations. Measuring customer satisfaction, American Customer Satisfaction Index Model.

Block – 2: Agricultural Statistics

Unit – 1: Sample Surveys
Concepts of population and sample need for sampling, census and sample surveys, Basic concepts in sampling and designing of large scale surveys. Simple random sampling with and without replacement, Stratified random sampling, Allocation problems, Systematic sampling, Cluster sampling, Ratio, Product and Regression methods of estimation. Double Sampling. Two-stage and Multi-stage sampling. Non-sampling errors. Randomized response technique (Warner’s model only).

Unit – 2: Design of Experiment
Need for design of experiments, Fundamental principles of design of experiments, Basic designs-CRD, RBD, LSD and their analyses, Orthogonality of classification in two-way lay-outs, advantages of orthogonality relation, simple illustrations. Analysis of co-variance, missing plot technique.

Unit – 3: Factorial Experiments
2n, 32 factorial experiments, illustrations, main effects and interactions, confounding and illustrations.

Block – 3: Audit Statistics

Unit – 1: Audit Sampling
Statistical Audiot Sampling, its Advantage in audit, risk of statiostical sampling, attributes vs variable sampling, attribute sampling plan, determination of optimal Samplev size, concept of confidance level, precision, population, variable sample plane, un stratified and stratified sampling plan. Audit Hypothesis, testing of hypothesis,
Unit – 2: Risk Assesment
Monetary unit sampling, risk based analysis, concept of alpha and beta risk, concept of tolarable missstatement.

 

 

H. COMPUTER SCIENCE

Year

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

Compulsory Elective

Compulsory Core Course

 

1st year

244

UGCS-01

Computer Fundamentals

3

8

Compulsory

247

UGCS-04

'C' Programming & Data  Structures

3

2790

UGCS-13(P)

Practical Based on UGCS -04

2

2nd year

249

UGCS-06

Database Management System

3

8

Compulsory

251

UGCS-08

Discrete Mathematics

3

2791

UGCS-14 (P)

Practical Based on UGCS -06

2

 

3rd year

252

UGCS-09

Computer Network

3

8

Compulsory

254

UGCS-11

'C++' and Object Oriented Programming

3

2792

UGCS-15 (P)

Practical Based on UGCS -11

2

Discipline-Centric Elective Course   ( Select any two Papers)

 

246

UGCS-03

Introduction to System Software

4

 

Elective

 

250

UGCS-07

Elements of System Analysis and Design

4

2793

UGCS-16

Statistical Methods

4

2794

UGCS - 17

Operation Research

4

Compulsory Foundation Course

 

1st year

2700

UGFODL

Foundation Course in Open and Distance Learning

Non-credit

Compulsory

2nd year

012

CHEQ/EA

Foundation Course in Enviroment Awarness

Non-credit

Compulsory

3rd year

003

UGFIT

Foundation Course in Information Technology

Non-credit

Compulsory

Elective foundation Course

1st year

001

UGFHS

Foundation Course in Humanities and Social Science

4

 

 

Elective

 

2nd year

004

or
005

UGFEG

or
UGFHD

Foundation Course in English
or
Foundation course in Hindi

 

4
or
4

3rd year

2501
or
007
or
009
or
2701

DM
or
AOCHE
Or
AOCNC
Or
SWM

Foundation course in disaster management
or
Human Environment
or
Nutrition for the Community
Or
Solid waste Management 

4
or
4
or
4
or
4

Skill Based Programs (select  either in 2nd year or in 3rd  year )

Either in 2nd year
Or
 in 3rd  year

2654
or
2655
or
2660
or
2661

 

UGSSC-04
or
UGSSC-05
or
UGSSC-10
or
UGSSC-11

Diet Therapy
or
Public Health & Hygiene
or
Energy & Environment
or
Environment & Development

8
or
8
or
8
or
8

 

 

Elective

 

UGCS-01
Computer Fundamental

HARDWARE CONCEPTS: Introduction and Data Representation, Digital Logic Circuits, Memory Organization, Input/output Organization

CPUORGANIZATION: Instruction Sets, Register Organizations and Micro-operation, ALU and Control Unit Organization, Micro-programmed Control Unit.

MICROPROCESSOR ANDASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING: Micro-
processor Architecture, Introduction to Assembly Language, Assembly LanguageProgramming (part-1), Assembly Language Programming(part-2)

PARLLET ORGANIZATION AND REDUCED INSTRUCTION SET COMPUT-
ERS: Introduction to Parallel Organization, Pipeline and Vector Processing, Data-flow computers and Parallel Algorithms, Reduced Instruction Set Computers Architecture-part-1, Reduced Instruction Set Computers Architecture-part-2.

UGCS-03
Introduction to System Software

Introduction to System Software
Programming Concepts and Software Tools: Introduction to Programming Language Concepts: Algorithm, Flowcharting, Problem and its Algorithm, Concept of a Programming Language, Categories of Languages, Elements of a Programming language.

Introduction to Assembler: Advocates of a translator, types of translators, Assembler implementation, Macro processor, Loaders.

Introduction to Compiler writing: Compiler, Approaches to compiler development, compiler Designing Phases, Software tools.

Graphical user interface: Graphical user interface, Evolution of the human and Machine interaction, Common Graphical user interface terms, functionality of graphical user interfaces, A look at some graphical user interfaces.

Introduction to a text editor and debugging system: Introduction to a text editor, overview of the Editing process, Types of Editors and user interface, Editor structure, Interactive debugging systems, Debugging Functions and Capabilities, Relationship with other parts of the system, user interface criteria.

Fundamentals of operating system

Introduction to operating system: Operating System, Evolution of operating systems, serial processing, Batch processing, Multiprogramming, types of operating System, Batch Operating system Multiprogramming Operating system, Network operating system, Distributed Operating System, Operating System Structure, Layered Structure Approach, Kernel Approach, Virtual Machine, Client Server Model, Future Operating System trends.

Process Management: Process concept Processor scheduling, Types of Schedulers, Scheduling and performance Criteria, Scheduling algorithms, Interprocess Communications and synchronization, Basic concepts of concurrency, Basic Concepts of Interprocess Communication and Synchronization, Mutual Exclusion, Semaphores, Hardware support for mutual Exclusion, MechanismforStructuredformofInterprocessCommunicationandsynchronization,Deadlocks, System model, Deadlock Characterization and Modelling.

Memory Management: Introduction, single process monitor, Multiprogramming with Fixed partitions, Multiprogramming with dynamic partitions, Paging Address mapping in a paging system, Hardware Support for Paging, Address Translation by Associative Memory, Sharing and Protect ionina Paging System, Segmentation, Address Mappingina Segmented System, Implementation of segment tables, sharing and Protection in a Segmented System, Virtual memory, Advantages of virtual memory, Demand Paging Virtual memory management policies.

File Management: Introduction, File concept, Directories, Disk organization, Disk Space Management methods, Linked List, Bit Map, Disk Allocation Methods, Contiguous Allocation, Non Contiguous Allocation, Disk Scheduling, FCFS, Shortest seek time-first scheduling, scan scheduling, File Protection, Passwords, Access Lists, Access Groups.

UNIX Operating System-I

Theoretical Concepts of UNIX operating System: Introduction, Basic features of unix operating system, UNIX system Architecture, File Structure processing Environment, CPU Scheduling, Memory Management, Swapping, Demand Paging, File System, Blocks and Fragment and Inodes, Directory Structure.

UNIX-GETTNG STARTED I: Introduction, Getting started, user Names and Groups, Logging in, Correcting Typing Mistakes, Format of UNIX commands, changing your Password, Characters with special Meaning, UNIX documentation, Files directories, Current Directory, Locking at the Directory Contents, Absolute and Relative, Pathnames, Some UNIX Directories and Files.

UNIX Getting Started II: Introduction, Looking at file contents, your own directories, file permissions, Basic operations on files, Links between Files, Changing permission modes, standard files, Standard Output, Standard Input, Standard Error, Filters and Pipelines, Processes, Finding out about Processes, stopping Background Processes.

TEXT Manipulation: Introduction, Inspecting files, file statistics, Searching for Patterns, Comparing Files, Operating on files, printing files, Rearranging Files, Sorting files, Splitting files, Translating characters,

Editors: Introduction, General characteristics of vi, Starting up and quitting from vi, Adding text and Navigation, changing Text, Searching for Text, Copying and Moving Text, The Features of ex, The live editors Ex and Ed. starting up and Quitting, Addressing Lines, Looking at Text, Adding Deleting and changing text, Searching for and replacing text, cut and paste operations, files and Miscellaneous features, The Stream Editor SED, changing several filed in SED, AWK. UNIX operating SystemI.

User to user Communication: Introduction, Online communication. Communication, Offline

Shell Programming: Introduction, Programming in the Bourne and the C- shell, wild cards, simple shell programs, variables, Programming Constructs, interactive shell scripts, advanced Features.

Programming Tools: Introduction, The UNIX C compiler, other tools (Lint- the – Cverifier, Program Profiles,Program listings), Cross References and Program flow, Maintaining Programs, the source code control system (Initializing a file, Examining and Altering files, Identification Keywords, Miscellaneous Commands).

System Administration: Introduction, System Administration – A Definition, Booting the system, Maintaining user accounts, file systems and special files, Backups and Restoration.

UGCS-04
‘C’ Programming & Data Structures

Introduction

Introductory: An overview of C, Escape sequences, Getting A ”feel” for C.

Data types in ”C”: Variables of type (out, char, float, double,), Enumerated types, the typed of statement, Identifiers.

Operators and Expressions In c: Elementary Arithmetic operations and operators, Expressions, L values and P values, Promotion and Demotion of variable types: The cast operator, Print f ( ) and Scan f ( )  functions.

Decision Structures in ’C’: Boolean operators and Expressions The goto statement, the if (), Statement, the if ( ) –  else  statement,

Control structures – I: The do – while( ) and while Loops, the Comma Operator, the transfer   of Central from within loops, Ternary operator, The Switch case default  statement.

Programming  in C

Control Structures II: ’The for (;;) loop, one-dimensional Arrays, The sizeof operator, storage classless and scope.

Pointers and arrays: Pointer variables and pointer Arithmetic, Pointers, Arrays and the subscript operator, A Digression on Scan f(), Multidimensional Arrays.

Functions: Function Prototypes and Declarations, Functions and Scope, Pointers as Function Arguments, String Functions, Multi-Dimensional Arrays as Function Arguments.

FunctionsII: Recursive functions, Macros, Conditional Compilation, Macroswith Parameters, Command line Arguments, Variable length Argument lists, Complicated Declarations, Dynamic Memory Allocation.

Files and Structs, Unions and Bit-Fields: Files and File 70, Structs, the DOT Operator, Extructs and files : f seek ( ), Structs and Function and unions, The Bitwise   operators.

Data Structures:

Introduction to Data Structures: Array: Program Analysis, Arrays, Array Declaration, Storage of arrays in Main memory, sparse arrays.
Lists:Basic Terminology, Static implementation of lists, Pointer implementation of lists, Doubly link edlists, circular link edlist, Storage Allocation, Storage Pools, Garbage Collection, Fragmentation, Relocation and Compaction.

Stacks and Queues: Defining stack and Queue, stack operations and Implementations, stack Applications, Queues: Operations and implementation, Queue Application, priority Queues.

Graphs: Defining graph, Basic, Terminology, Graph Representation, Graph traversal (DFS, BFS), shortest path problem, Minimum spanningtree.

Trees  and  File Organization

Trees:Basic Terminology, Binary, trees, Traversals of a Binary tree, Binary search Trees(BST). AVL-Tree and B-Tree: Height Balanced tree, Building Height Balanced tree, B-Tree, B-Tree of order5.

Files: Terminology, File organization, sequential files, Direct, File organization, Indexed Sequential file organization.

Searching  and  Sorting Techniques:

Searching Techniques: Sequential search, Binary Search,

Sorting Techniques-I: Internal Sort (insertion Sort, Bubble Sort, Quick Sort, way merge sort Heap sort), Sorting on Several keys.

Sorting Techniques-II: Data storage (Magnetic Tapes, Disks), sorting with Disks, k-way merging, Buffering, Sorting, with tapes.

UGCS-06
Database Management System

Introductory Concepts of Data Base Management Systems

Basic Concepts: Introduction, Traditional file Oriented approach, Motivation for database approach, database basics, three views of data, The three level Architecture of DBMS Mapping between different levels database Management System facilities, DDL, DML, Elements of a database Management System (DML Pre Compiler, DDL Compiler, File Manager, Database

Manager, query Processor, database Administrator, Data dictionary), Advantages and disadvantages of database management system.
Data base Models and its Implementation: Introduction, File Management System Entity, Relationship (E-R) Model, The hierarchical model, DBTG set, the network model, The Relational model, Advantages and Disadvantages of Relational Approach, Difference between Relational and other models.

File Organization for Conventional DBMS: Introduction, File Organization, Sequentialfile organization, Index-sequential file organization (Types of Indexes, Structure of Index Sequential Files, VSAM, Implementation of Indexing through Tree- Structure), Direct file organization, Multi key file Organization (Need for the multiple Access path, multi cost, File organization, Inverted file organization, cellular Partitions, comparison and Trade off in the Design of Multikey file).

Management Considerations: Introduction, Organizational Resistance to DBMS Tools (Political observation, Information transparency, Fear of future potential, Reasons for Success), Conversion from An Old system to a new system, Evaluation of a DBMS, Administration of a database Management System.

Enterprise Wide Information System of the Times of India Group (A Case Study): Introduction, organization and the operating environment unique nature of the Business, Information System goals and how to achieve the Goal The Response System and Respnet Choices, Benefits.

RDBMS and DBMS

Relational Model: Concepts, Formal Definition of a Relation, the Codd, Commandments, Relational Algebra, Relational Completeness.

Normalization: Functional dependency, Anomalies in a database, Properties of Normalized Relations, 1st NF, 2nd NF, 3rd NF, BCNF, Fifth Normal form examples of Database Design. Structured Query Language: Categories of SRL Commands Data Definition, Data Manipulation, views.

Distributed Databases: Structure of Distributed database Trade-OFFS in distributing the database, Design of Distributed Databases.

Emerging Trends in DBMS

Introduction to object oriented Database Management System: Next Generation database System, New database applications, object oriented database Management system, Promises and Advantages of objectoriented Database Mgt.system, Difference between RDBMS and OODBMS, Alternative object oriented Data base strategies.

Introduction to client/Server Database: Evaluation of client/Server, Emergence of client server Architecture, the client/server Computing, the critical products, Developing on Application, SQL (DDL, DML), Client/Server. Where to Next?

Introduction to Knowledge Databases: Definition and Importance of knowledge, Knowledge base system, Difference between aknowledge base system and a data basesystem, knowledge Representation Schemes.

UGCS-07
Elements Of System Analysis And Design

System Analysis

Overview of System Analysis and Design:  System,  Systems  study,  Systems  analysis  and systems approach, characteristics of a system, Elements of systems analysis,  types  of  systems,  System Development life cycle, Software Crisis (Programmer’s point of view,  user’s point of  view),  Role  of  a  systems analyst.

Project Selection: System projects, sources of Project requests, Managing Project Review  and selection, Preliminary investigation, Problems classifications and definitions.

Feasibility Study: Preliminary study, different types of feasibility (Technical, Operational, Economic, Social, Management, Legal and Time feasibility), Investigative study, cost/ Benefit analysis, Fact Findings (interviewing questionnaires, observing the current system, Determination of DFD, New System.

System Requirement Specifications and analysis: DFD, data dictionaries, HIPO (VTOC,IPO), decision tables and decision trees, warnier-ORR diagrams, NASSI-SHNEIDERMANN CHARTS System Design

Structured System Design: System Design Considerations, Design, Methodologies, Structured Design, Modularization, Design Process, System Specifications, Prototype Design.

Input Design and control: Processing Transaction data, Elements of input data, Input Media and Devices, Input Media and Devices, Input Design Guidelines, Input verification and Control, Data Dictionaries, How tolay outer minal screen, Major concerns Regarding CRT-Input Screen Design.

Output System Design: Types of output, output Devices, output Design Consideration, Design of output Reports Designing Screen output, Menu design, Form Design and Control, Computer Graphics.

File and Data Base Design: Selecting data storage Media Types of File (Master, Transaction, Table, Report Backup, Archival, Dump, Library), File organization, File Design, Data base Design, Types of database coding system, Types of Code (Classification, Function, Card, Sequence, Significant digit, Subset code, Mnemonic code, Acronym).

System Development and Implementation

System Development: Task of System Development, Prototype installation Hardware and Software selection and performance, Benchmark Testing, Preparing software development cycle, software specification language selection criteria.

System Control and Quality Assurance: Quality Assurance in Software life, cycle, Levels of Quality Assurance, Design objectives, Reliability and maintenance, Maintenance issues, Maintainable Designs, Testing practice and plans, Levels of tests, special stes tests, Designing test data, system control, Audit Trial.

Documentation: Characteristics of a good documentation, types Software Design and documentation tools, need for documentation, Format for preparing documentation Package.

System Implementation: Training of Personnel involved with system, Training Methods, Conversion Methods, Review plan, System Maintenance, Hardware, Acquisitions, criteria for vendor’s selection, service Bureaux.

Management Information System

Introduction to MIS: Definition, Historic Development, Typical Systems,

The Technology Component:Overview of computing Technology, Overview of Communication Technology, Database Technology, Decision Support Systems, knowledge Based systems. The Organizational Impact of MIS: Information as a Resource, Information for Competitive Advantage, Organization, Information and Decision, MIS as a profession.

Building Management Information Systems: System Analysis, Techniques of Systems Analysis.
CaseStudies: Case(A) Information System Planning, Case(B) Preparing for systems analysis, Case(C) Systems Analysis Completion, Case(D) System Design Proposal, Case(E) Evaluation and selection of Systems Case (F) Implementation plan and Activities.

Emerging Trends

The Analyst As A Professional: Attributes of a good analyst, Organizational issues, The Systems Analyst and law.

Human Computer Interaction: The What, Why, When and where of Human Computer Interaction, Communicating with Computers, Ergonomics, Human problems in the Automated Office, Designing Human Machine Systems.

Introduction to Multimedia: Multimedia – The Concept, Design, Production and Distribu tion, Components of Multimedia, Software and Hardware for Multimedia.

UGCS-08
Discrete Mathematics

ELEMENTARY LOGIC: Propositional Calculus, Methods of Proof, Boolean algebra and Circuits

BASIC COMBINATORICS: Combinatory- An Introduction, Partitions and Distribution, More about Counting

RECURRENCE: Recurrence Relation, Generating Function, Solving Recurrence

GRAPH THEORY: Basic properties of graph, Special graph, Euler and Hamiltonian Graph, Graph Coloring and Planar Graphs

UGCS-09
Computer Networks

An Introduction to Computer Networks

Network, Classiftcation and Reference Models: Introduction, Network, Network Goals/ Motivation, Applications of Networks, Types of network, Reference Model (OSI, TCP) IEEE standards for LAN.

Data transmission and Multiplexing: Introduction, Transmission, Terminology, Time- domain Concepts, Frequency domain Concepts, Relationship between Data Rate and Bandwidth, Analog and digital data transmission, transmission media, Multiplexing.

Medium Access Control and D.L.L.: Introduction, D.L.L., Medium Access Control Sub- layer (Contention based media access protocols, polling based MAC protocols, IEEE standard
802.3 and Ethernets, IEEE standard 802.4 Token bus, IEEE standard 802.5 Token  Ring.

Network,  Transport  (TCP/IP)  And  Application  layer:
Introduction,  Network   layer
(Routing Algorithms, Shortest path routing, Flooding), Congestion Control Algorithms, Comparison of virtual circuit and datagram subnets, Internetworking (Repeaters, Bridges, Routers), Transport layer (Transport service and Mechanism, Types of Service/ Quality of Service), Transport Control Mechanism (Addressing, Flow Control and buffering, Multiplexing, Connection establishment and Management, Crash Recovery), TCP/UDP, Application layer (The domain name system (DNS), TCP/IP Internet Domain Name, Electronic Mail, www, Mail-based Applications), Remote procedure Call (RPC), File transfer protocol (FTP),  Telnet.

Network Devices and Technology Network Devices –I: Introduction, Network devices (Repeaters, Bridges, Switches, Hubs).

Network Devices-II: Introduction, Network devices (Routers, Comparison of Bridges and Routers, Gateways, Modem).

Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN): Introduction, Baseband and Broadband Communication, ISDN Services, Advantages of ISDN, ISDN applications (Internet Access, Telephony, Telecommunicating, Video conferencing, Education, Large-Scale file transfers).

Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM): Introduction, Switching Techniques (Circuit switching, Packet Switching, Multirate Circuit Switching, Frame Relay, Cell Relay), How compatible is ATM as Technology?, ATM layered Architecture in Comparison with OSI Model, How ATM protocol works?, The ATM Network, The ATM CELL, ATM classes of services (ATM Service classes, ATM Technical Parameters), ATM, Traffic Control (Network Resource Management, Connection Admission Control, (Network Resource Management, Connection Admission Control, Usage Parameter Control and Network Parameter Control, Priority Control, Congestion Control), Benefits of ATM, ATM Applications (ATM Services , ATM workgroup and Campus networks, ATM enterprise network consolidation, multimedia virtual private networks and managed services, frame relay backbones, Internet backbones, Residential broadband networks, Carrier infrastructures for the telephone and private line networks).

UGCS-11
C++ And Object Oriented Programming

An Introduction to Object Oriented Programming

Object Oriented Programming: OOP Paradigm, the soul of OOP, OOP characteristics, Advantages of OOP, Applications of object Oriented Programming (System software, DBMS, Applications of OODBMS, Advantages and Disadvantages of OODBMS), The Object Orientation, OO Languages, Advantages of C++.

Object Oriented Programming System: What is OOPS?, Class, Inheritance, Abstraction (Procedural language, Object-oriented language), Mechanisms of Abstraction, Encapsulation and information hiding, Polymorphism, overloading,

Advanced concepts: Dynamism (Dynamic Typing, Dynamic Binding, Late Binding, Dynamic Loading, Structuring programs, Reusability, Organizing Object-oriented Projects (Large scale designing, Separate Interfa ceand Implementation, Modularizing, Simple Interface, Dynamic decisions, Inheritance of Generic Code, Reuse of tested code.

Introduction to Object Oriented Languages: Objective-C, Features of objective-C, Python, Features of Python, C # (C SHAR), Features of C#, Eiffel, Modula-3, Features of modula-3, Small talk,  object REXX, Java,  Features  of Java(Object Oriented,  Distributed,    Interpreted, Robust, Secure, Architecturally neutral, Portable High performance, Dynamic), Beta various object oriented programming languages Comparative chart.

An Introduction to Unifted Modelling Language (UML): UML (Goals, History, use), Definition, UML Diagrams (Use case, class, interaction diagrams), State diagrams, Activity Diagrams, Physical diagrams.

C++ — An Introduction

Overview of C++: Programming Paradigms (Procedural Programming, Modular Programming, Data Abstraction, Object Oriented Programming), Concepts of C++ functions and files. Classes and Objects: Definition and Declaration of a class, Scope Resolution Operation, Private and Public member functions, Creating Objects, Accessing class data members and member functions, Arrays of objects, Objects as Function Arguments.

Operator overloading: Operator Functions, large objects, Assignment and initialization, Function Call, Increment, Decrement Operator, Friends.

Inheritance-Extending classes: Concept of inheritance, Base class and Derived class, visibility Modes, Single inheritance Multiple Inheritance, Nested classes, virtual functions.

Streams and Templates:  Output, Input, Files Exception, handling.  and streams, Templates,

UGCS-16
Statistical Methods

Data Collection and Its Representation:

Data Collection and Tabulation: Meanings, Definitions and Applications of Statistics, Measurements and Scale, Measurements of qualitative data, Methods of data collection, Types of data.

Representation of Data- I (Diagrammatical representation): Frequency distribution, Tabulation of data, Diagrammatical Representation of data, Bar diagram, Multiple bar diagram, Divided bar diagram, Percentage bar diagram, Pie chart, Pictogram, leaf chart, Representation of Data- I (Graphical representation): Graphical representation of frequency distribution, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Frequency curve, Ogive.

Measures of Central Tendency and   Dispersion

Measures of Central Tendency: Types of measures of central tendency, Arithmetic mean, Fundamental Theorems on Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Median, Mode, Percentiles, Deciles, and Quartiles.

Measures of Dispersion: Types of measures of Dispersion, Range, Mean Deviation, Variance and Standard deviation, Effect of change of origin and scale, Relationship between measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion, Coefficient of   variation.

Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

Moments, Raw Moments  and  Central  Moments  :  Definition of moments, raw moments  for ungrouped data, raw moments for grouped data, Central moments, Factorial moments, Inter- relationshipbetweenvariousmoments,effectofchangeoforiginandscaleonmoments,Charlier’s checks, Sheppard”s correction for moments.

Skewness and Kurtosis: Definition of skewness, Measures of skew ness, Pearson’s coefficient, Bowley’s coefficients, Kurtosis, Measures of Kurtosis, effect of change of origin and scale.

UGCS-17
Operation Research

Formulation of Linear Programming Problems

Introduction to Operation Research: Introduction, Phases of OR Problem, Operation Re- search Modeling Approach, Defining the Problem & Gathering Data, Formulating a Mathematical Models, Deriving Solution from the Model Introduction to Linear Programming, Formulation of a Linear Programming Problem with examples.

Graphical Method top Solve LPP: Introduction, Graphical Solution to Linear Programming Problem.

Simplex Method of Solving LPP

Simplex Method: Introduction, Principle of Simplex Method, Simplex Method with Several Decision Variables, Two Phase & M-Method, Multiple, Unbounded Solution & Infeasible Problems, Sensitivity Analysis.

Duality Problem in LPP: Introduction, Dual Linear Programming Problem, Formulation of  a 12Dual Problem with example.

Transportation Problem & Assignment Problem

Representation of Transportation Problem (Non-Generated & Balanced Cases only) & Assignment Problem as Linear Programming Problem: Introduction of T.P. &A.P., Transportation Problem as LPP, Non- Degenerate Transportation Problem, Balanced Transportation Problem, Assignment Problem &LPP, Balanced Assignment Problem.

Different Methods of Finding Initial Feasible Solution of a Transportation Problem (T.P., MODI Method of Finding Optimal Solution of a T.P.) : Introduction, Basic Feasible Solution of a Transportation Problem, Modified Distribution Method (MODI),Vogel’s Approximation Method (VAM), Maximization in a Transportation Problem.

Solution of Assignment Problem With using Hungarian Method: Introduction, Solution of an Assignment Problem, Hungarian Method, Maximization in an Assignment Problem. Theory of Games

Basic Concepts of Game Theory: Introduction, A Game, Pure & Mixed Strategies, Two- Person Zero- Sum Game, Pay-Off Matrix, Games without Saddle Point and Mixed Strategies, Methods of Solving Game Problems.

Dominance Rule, Equivalence of Rectangular Games with Linear Programming: In- troduction, Rectangular Games without Saddle Point, Dominance Property of reducing the Size of the Game, Solution Methods of Games without Saddle Point, Equivalence of Rectangular Games with Linear Programming.

    5. Post Graduate Diploma in Environment and Sustainable Development (PGD-ESD)

Course Code and Details

Year

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

One Year Course

522

PGD-ESD-01

Integrated Environment Management : Rural and Urban

8

523

PGD-ESD-02

Towards a Participatory Management

8

524

PGD-ESD-03

Agriculture and Environment

8

525

PGD-ESD-04

Understanding of the Environment

8

526

PGD-ESD-05

Globalization and Environment

8

527

PGD-ESD-06

Sustainable Development : Issues and Challenges

8

(Select any one out of the following)

528

PGD-ESD-07

Energy and Environment

8

529

PGD-ESD-08

Natural Resources Management: Physical and Biotic

8

530

PGD-ESD-09

Environment and Development

8

Total Credits

56

Note: Select any one subject from the PGD-ESD-07, PGD-ESD-08, PGD-ESD-09 and mention the subject in online application form.

PGD-ESD
POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

 

PGD-ESD – 01
Integrated Environmental Management : Rural and Urban

Block-01 : Evolving Concepts and Principles.

Unit-01:
Integrated Environmental Management, Sustainable Development, Principles for Sustainable Development Pathways to Substainability, Approaches to Sustainable Development, Considering social, Economic and human capital for sustainable development.

Unit -02:  Integrating Environemnt in to Rural Development –
Rural Development, Paradigms of Rural Development, Managing Common Goods, Policies and Planning for rural diversification, Managing Health and Environment, Management of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Education, Land Holding and Tenure.

Unit -03:   Integrating Environment into Urban Development-
City life, The city as a System, Site and Location, city Planning and the Environment, Pollution in the city, Bringing Nature to the city, Solid waste Management, Human Settlement – Slums, Security and shelters, Urban planning and the shelter sector, Development and Evictions, Transparency and Participation in Governance.

Unit -04:    Environmental Management Systems-
Environmental Management System, Initial Environmental Examination/ Review (IEE) Environmental Impact Assessment, Environmental Auditing (EA), ISO 14000, National Environmental Quality Standards.

Block -2 :  Sectoral Approaches

Unit -05    Sustainable Agriculture-
Agriculture : Traditional to Modern Farming, Systems, Sustainable Agriculture : Philosophy, Basic Concepts, Goals, Elements and Practices.

Unit -06:  Sustainable Forestry Management-
Forest Management, Productivity Management, Community Forestry, Farm Forestry, Logging and Forest Industries, Need for Sustainable Forest Management Policy, What need to be done, The Development Sustainable Forestry Context, South Asia.

Unit -07:  Water Resource Management -
Coastal Resources, Wetland resources, Aquaculture Resources, Integrated Irrigation Management.

Unit -08:  Industrial Waste Management-
Industrial Waste Management, Waste Management Policy at Enterprise Level, Motivation and Barriers.

Block -3:  Dimensional Approaches

Unit -09:  Economic Dimensions-
How resource can be used, Internalizing the Externalities, Discount Factor, Cost Benefit, analysis, cost Espectiveness Analysis, Market based incentives and disincentives.

Unit -10:  Technological Dimensions
Technology and Environment, Perspectives, Relationship of Technology with socio-economic Factors, Environmental Technology, Role of Environmental Sociology, Cooperation between the Socio-environmental Sciences and Technology, Encouragement of Regional Level Development, Six perspectives: a response, the context, the conclusion.

Unit -11:  Soco-Cultural Dimensions
Community, Participation and Community Mobilization, People's Involvement and Empowerment, Women Development, Gender and Feminism, Involving male
and female communities in integrated environmental management.

Unit -12:  Ethical And Moral Dimensions
Ethical use of Natural Resources, Three views about Nature, Attitudes Towards Nature, Environmental Justice, Environmental Racism, Religious Teachings about Environment.

Block -4:  Governance Approach

Unit -13: Legal Framework-
Constitutional provisions, Environmental Legislations, Environmental law, Environmental Regulations, Environmental Tribunals, Public interest litigations.

Unit -14:  Policy Framework-
Policy Development or life cycle of Policy, Implementation stage, Policy instruments, Criteria for choosing instrument.

Unit -15:  Institutional Framework-
Agenda 21, Role of institutions in Environemntal Management, Framework of Institutions Environmental Institutions of Pakistan.

Unit -16:  Social Framework-
Role of Private Sector and Civil Societies in Environmentaal Management, How public could be engaged, How Individual can Make Difference, Environmental Education, Collective Actions.

PGD-ESD – 02
TOWARDS PARTICIPATORY MANAGEMENT

Block-01 :  Genesis and Concepts Participatory Management

Unit-01:          Introduction
Introduciton to the Basic concepts of Participatory Management and Development, Philosophy of theParticipatory Approach, Participation as a Process of Consultation, Visual Tools and Materials Help Participatory Modes of Ineraction and Empowerment, Approaches and Methods for Participatory Management and Development, When Do You Use the Participatory Approach?, Participatory Rural Appraisal (Pra) as a Basic Tool for Participatory Management and Development, Application of the PRA Tools in the DevelopmentProjects, Constraints and Barriers of Participatory Management and Development.

Unit -02:         Historical Perspective
Historical Perspective of the Participatory Management and Development, Background and Evolution of Participatory Development, History of Participatory Management and Development Approach in South Asia. (Pakistan, India and Bangladesh).

Unit -03:         State Policies and Programmes
Introduction, Present Policies and Programmes of Pakistan, Paksitan's National Conservation Strategy, Elements of the National Conservation Strategy Objectives, Operating Principles and Instruments, Implementation, Arrangements, Action Agenda and Implementation Strategy , Elements of the General Organizational Model for NCS Implementation, Operating Principles, Co-operation with community organizations and NGOs, NCS core programmes and community organizations, Institutional Arrangements, structure of Community Organisation and Support systems, Financial Arrangements, Lessons in Community Management.

Unit -04:         Models of Participatory Management in South Asia
Why Models? Are Models Helpful or not?, Role of Participatory Management Models in Good Governance, Models of Participatory Management Approaches in South Asia.

Block -2:  Approaches and Practices

Unit -05:         Participatory Approaches to Environment and Development
Introduction, Participatory Approaches, Participatory Development, What has Gone Wrong? The Lesson in Clear, Principles for Participation, Constraints to Participation, Overcoming Constraints to Participation, Community Organization, Necessary Conditions for social Organization, Participatory Learning. Advantages of Organization, Disadvantages of NOT Norganizing, Functions of Organisations, Salient Features of an Exemplary Community Organization, Threats to Community Organization, Community Organization and Women, Significance of Particpatory Approaches in Empowering People for sustainable Development.

Unit -06:         A Model of Urban Development: Orangi Pilot Project:
Background, About Orangi Area and People, Background of Orangi Pilot Project (Opp), Programs Details, Autonomous Institutions of OPP, About OPP staff, OPP Strategy, Finest Achievement of OPP.

Unit -07:         Women's Participation in Community Decision Making
Introduction, Women in Development, Overall Approach, Programmes, Education and Communication; Women, Population and health, Women and Water, Five Needs which can Enhance Women's Participation in Community Decision Making, Role of women in NGOs for the Protection of Environment.

Unit -08:         Practical Action
Introduction, The Challenge, Field Practice and Ethics, Practical Action, Reversals and Reality, Reversals in Learning, Putting the First last, so what? Start.

Block -3:  Programmes and Services

Unit -09:         Organizational Change for sustainable Development.
Introduction, The Creation of capacity for change, Contexts of change, Managing Organizational change, Leadership, Innovators and Organizational Culture, Process of Organizational change, case studies of Organizational change, working groups.

Unit -10:         Women Participation in Development
Introduction, Linkages between Women and Environment, Women in Environment and Development, Role of Women in Development, Enhancing Women's Participation in Economic Development.

Unit -11:         Youth Participation in Development
Background, Yough in Development work-History and Traditions, What is Youth in Development Work? Youth in Development Work as a Profession, Models and Approaches to Youth in Development work, Social Change in Youth in Development work, Applying Freire's ideas to Youth in Development work, What Concerns Young People? Opportunities for Young People, Youth -- - Our goals in working with them, Youth as initiators, Youth as activists.

Unit -12:       South Asia cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP).
Introduction, Aims, Functions, Organizational Arrangement of SACEP, Financial Arrangements, Programme and Activities.

Block -4:  Participatory Resources Management

Unit -13:         Participatory Forest Resource Management
What is forestry, What is Participatory?, What type of partnership? What are the orgin of Participatory Forestry?, The Decentralization Debate in the Forestry.

PGD-ESD – 03
AGRICULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT

Block-01 :  Environment-Agriculture Relationship.

Unit-01:          The Evolution of Agriculture
Agriculture in the Pre-Industrial Era, Agriculture in the Post-Industrial Era, Modern Agriculture.

Unit -02:         Agro-Ecosystems
Concept of Agro-ecosystems, Components and Interactions of an Agro-ecosystem, Agro-climatic- Zones.

Unit -03:         Impact of Agriculture on Environment
     Impact on Natural Resources, Impact on climate change.

Unit -04:         Impact of Environment on Agriculture
Environmental Stresses, Climate change and Agriculture, Ozone, Hole and Ultraviolet Radiations.

Unit -05:         Sustainability
The New Paradigm, Concept of Sustainability, Parameters of Sustainable Agriculture, Approaches for sustainable Agriculture.

Block - 2:  Agro-Environmental Resources: Issues & Challenges
Unit -06:          Land
Land Use Dynamics, Land Degradation (Soil Erosion, Soil Health, Problem Soils).

Unit -07:         Water
The Hydrological Cycle, Water Resources and Agriculture, Water Stress Conditions, Water Quality, watershed Management.
Unit -08:         Biodiversity
Components of Biodiversity, Importance of Biodiversity for Agriculture, Lose of Biodiversity: Threat of Agriculture, Conservation of Biodiversity.

Unit -09:         Energy.
The Energy Scenario in Agriculture, Renewable, energy Resources, Socio-economic aspects of Energy in Rural Areas, Energy Conservations and  Management.

Unit -10:         OFF-Farm Inputs
Fertilizers and chemicals, Pesticides, Farm Machinery, Off-Farm Inputs and Air Quality.

Block -3:         Strategies for Eco-Friendly Agriculture

Unit -11:         Integrated Resource Management
Soil, water and Energy Management, Nutrient Management, Biodiversity Management.

Unit -12:         Integrated Farming Systems
Farming System, Organic Farming, Organic Farming- Biodiversity Linkages.

Unit -13:         Integrated Disease, Pest and Weed Management
What is integrated Pest Management, From Traditional  Pest Control to the IPM Era, Components of IPM, IPM Initiatives.

Unit -14:         Society and Agriculture
Infrastructure Development, Policy Support, Institutional Capacity Building, People's Participation: Some Case Studies.

Block - 4:  Towards A Greener Future

Unit -15:         Imperatives
Food Security, Ecological Security, Technology Transfer and Technologies for Resource Poor Farmers.

Unit -16:         New Technologies
Biotechnology in Agriculture, Space, Information and Communication Technologies in Agriculture, What is Post Harvest Technology.

Unit -17:         Agriculture Waste Management
Use of Crop Residues, Economy through Recycling, Recycling of Animal Wastes, Reducing Post Harvest Wastage.

Unit -18:         Alternative Agriculture
Components of Alternative Agriculture, Agro-forestry, Social Forestry, Plantation Crop, Herbal and Medicinal Plants, Agri-Processing.

PGD-ESD – 04
UNDERSTANDING THE ENVIRONMENT

Block-01 :  Introduction to the Environment.

Unit-01:          Introduction to the Environment
Concept of Environment, Limits and Size of Environment, Types of Environment, Significance of the Environment, Concept of Biosphere and Ecosystem.

Unit -02:         The Lithosphere
Structure and Composition of the Earth, Components of the Lithosphere, Properties of Soil, Classification of Soils, Soil biota and soil Fertility, Beneficial effect of Organic matter on soil characteristics and productivity.

Block -2:  The Atmosphere

Unit -03:         The Atmosphere
Composition of Air, Atmospheric Pressure, Solar Radiation, Radioactive Processes in the Atmosphere, Seasonal and Daily Variations, Temperature Profile, Transport Mechanisms, Weather and Climate, Enhanced Global Warming, Ozone Layer Depletion.

Block -3:  Hydrosphere

Unit -04:         Hydrosphere
The Structure of the water molecule and its specific properties, The hydrologic cycle (water cycle), Composition of hydrosphere, Freshwater environment, Estuaries, The Oceans.

PGD-ESD – 05
GLOGALIZATION AND ENVIRONMENT

Block-01 :  Global Concerns.

Unit-01:          Environmental Dimensions of Globalization
Glogalization and Global Change, Globalization and Environment, Global Environmental Interventions.
                          
Unit -02:         Environmental Calamities
Natural Calamities, Earth quakes, Floods, Droughts, Cyclones, Preparedness and Management.

Unit -03:         Man Made Disasters
Man-Made Disasters, Toxic wastes, Wars and population displacement, Nuclear weapons, Industrial Accidents, Global Warming, Ozone depletion.

Unit -04:         MNCs, TNCs and Developing Countries
North-South Divide, TNCs in the era of Neo-Liberal Economic Globalization, Role of IFTs, Flexible production Impact on Labour and Environment, Technology Concerns, Environmental Standards.

Block -2:  Global Responses

Unit -05:         International Summits and Declaration
Treaties, Protocols and Declarations, History of Environmental Negotiations, some important Declarations, From Declaration to Implementation, Global Environment Facility.

Unit -06:         International Environmental Laws & Agreements
General Principles of International Environmental law. International Environmental Policy – South Perspectives, Important International Environmental Agreements, Environmental Laws – Their implication of South Asia.

Unit -07:         U.N. Agencies Role
Structure of the United Nations, UN's Environmental Agenda, UN Agencies Role, Obstacles for an effective UN Role, Future Role of UN, Bretton Woods Institutions.

Unit -08:         Environment in Multilateral Perspective
International Standards and Environmental Trade, Trade-Environment Trade of – Policy Initiation, WTO and Environment, Work Programme on Committee on
Trade and Environment, The Role of the World Bank, Multilateral Agreements.
Block – 3:  Global Movements Experiences

Unit -09:         South Asian Response to Environmental Concerns.
Environmental concerns and Developing Countries, Environmental Concerns of South Asia, South Asian Response to Environmental Concerns, Governmental Commitment towards Environmental Concerns in South Asia.

Unit -10:         Non Governmental Agencies Initiatives
Origin, Structure and Ideology of NGOs, NGOs and MNC's Links, NGOs versus Socio-Political Movements, Alternative NGO's.

Unit -11:         People's Initiatives
Distinction between NGOs and people's initiative , Globalization : People's Response, Pakistan's experience, Bangladesh experience.
 

Unit -12:         Case Studies and Alternatives
Globalization and Implications, Globalization Debates, Lessons from the Past, South Asian Scenario, People Resistance, Alternatives, Summing up.

PGD-ESD – 06
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

Block-01:  Introduction to Sustainable Development.

Unit-01:          What is Sustainable Development
Introduction, Meaning of Sustainability, Development and Sustainable Development, Origins of Sustainable Development, Definitions of Sustainable Development (Dimensions and Concepts).

Unit -02:         Parameters of Sustainable Development
Introduction, Concepts of Carrying Capacity, Intergeneration Equity and Justice (Global, Regional and Country levels), Intra-generational Equity and Justice
(Global, Regional and Country levels), Gender Disparity, Diversity (Social, Cultural Knowledge Bio).

Unit -03:         Approaches to the study of sustainable Development.
Introduction, Positivist Approach, Multi-dimensional Approach, Eco-System Approach, Indigenous Views.

Unit -04:         Issues and Challenges
Introduction, Sustainable Economic Growth, Achieving Sustainable Livelihood, Responsibilities and making them pay.

Block -2:  Development Issues

Unit -05:         Natural Resource Exploitation
Introduction, Historical Perspective and stages of Development, Sector-wise Parameters of Sustainable Development, Defence and Armament, Quest for Comfort.

Unit -06:         Patterns of Industrialisation
Introduction, Industrialisation Historical Perspective, Industrialisation: Regional Perspective, Forms of Industrialisation, Impact of Globalization.

Unit -07:         Inequitable Growth
Indicators of Inequality, Development and Exclusion, Bridging the Gap.

Unit -08:         Regional And Global Issues
Regional Issue, Global Issue.

Block -3:  Initiatives Towards Sustainable Development

Unit -09:         State Initiatives
Legislative Measures, Judicial Interpretations, Institutional Mechanisms.
Unit -10:         Regional Initiatives
Initiatives by Regional Organisations, SAARC Initiatives, Institutional Mechanisms.

Unit -11:         Global Initiatives
Major Conferences on Environment and Development, International Conventions/ Agreements on Sustainablemn Development, International Agencies, Roadblocks to Gloal Initiatives.

Unit -12:         Civil Societies and Community Initiatives
Rio-Scattle&Geneva, Civil Society Initiative in the Regional Context, Country Based civil societies Initiatives.

Block -4:  Strategy for Sustainable Development

Unit -13:         Community Knowledge
Traditional knowledge, Modern Scientific knowledge, Integration of Scientific and Traditional knowledge for sustainable Development.

Unit -14:         Harness Technology
Concept of Harness Technoloy, Human Resource Development, Agriculture, Industry, Natural Resources, Harnessing Technology: The Asian Context.

Unit -15:         Innovative Practices
Innovation and Industry, Recycling and Reuse, Innovative practices in Agriculture and Forestry, Community Participation, Water and Energy, Information and Communication Technology.

Unit -16:         Cooperation and Partnership
Participation of the Government, Non-Governmental Organisations, Cooperatives and sustainable Development, Technology Networks, Regional Cooperation and Partnership in South Asia, People's Participation and Movements.

PGD-ESD – 07
ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT

Block-01 :  Energy and Environment : Current Concern.

Unit-01:          Energy and Development The Energy Economy
Energy in Relation to Economic Development, Energy Demand of Growing Population and Industrialization, Earth's Energy Resource Bases, 'Carrying Capacity' of Earth's Energy Base.

Unit -02:         Energy Consumption
Pattern of Energy Consumption, World Energy Demand and Future Projection, Energy Units and the Growth of Electricity Consumption.

Unit -03:         Energy Production Technologies
Renewable and Nonrenewable Sources of Energy, Hydel (hydroelectric) Power.

Unit -04:         Environmental Impact of Energy Production and Use
Climate Change and Global Warming, Deforestation, and its impact on Global warming, Problem of Mega Dam, Nuclear Hazards and impact of Globalization.

Unit -05:         The North South Debate
Issue of desperate Needs and Consumption , Global Agreements and Agreements and Arrangements.

Block -2 :  Energy Policy, Planning And Administration

Unit -06:         Energy Policy and Administration
Aspects of Energy and Environmental Policies, Interrelationship between Energy, Environment and Development, International Energy and Environmental Policies.

Unit -07:         Policy Issue in Energy Use and Environmental Planning
Mainstream Approaches to energy Use and Environmental Planning, Models of Energy and Environment, Issue of Energy and Environment.

Unit -08:         Political Economy of energy and the Environment
Political Economy of Energy, Complexity of society in Environmental Relationship, Energy consumption and its Historical Events.

Unit -09:         Energy Policy Alternative
Alternative Energy Policy, Energy Policy for a Sustainable world.

Block -3:  Economics of Energy and Environment

Unit -10:         Economic Approaches to Energy Problem,
Introduction to Energy and Environmental Economics, Economic Approaches to Energy Problem.

Unit -11:         Micro-Economic Perspective and Macro Linkage.
Economics of Demand and Supply of Energy, Macro Linkage of Energy and Economy, Economics of Climate change.

Unit -12:         Social Control of Energy:
Public Policies Related to Energy Facilities Development, Initiatives in Control of Energy, Energy Conservation: Home Energy Saving, Energy and the Poor.
 

Block -4:  Energy Sustainability and Environment

Unit -13:         Renewable Energy Resources and Technologies
Renevable Energy – Solar and Wind, Renewable Energy Bio-mass and small Hydro, Renewable Energy Resources and Technologies, Advantages of REnewable over conventional Technologies.

Unit -14:         Energy Services and Efficiency Improvement
Energy Services, Linking Supply and Demand, Energy Efficiency Improvement supply side, Energy Efficiency Improvement Demand Side, Energy Conservation- Use of Energy Efficient Appliances and Buildings.

Unit -15:         Sustainable Energy for Clean Environment
Changing Existing Patterns of Energy use, 'Cleaning – up' of Fossil and Nuclear Technologies, Switching to Removable Energy sources, Future Energy Scenarios.

PGD-ESD – 08
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PHYSICAL AND BIOTIC

Block-01 :  Introduction to Physical & Biological Resources.
Unit-01:          Introduction to Natural Resources
Geographical setting, Physical Feature and Geology, Climate and Hydrology, People, key issues in Natural Resource Management, Conservation and protection.

Unit -02:  Natural Resources : Physical
Energy Resources, Land resources, Water resources, Mineral resources and solid waste.

Unit -03:  Natural Resources : Biotic Introduction to Biological Diversity.
Introducing Biodiversity, Defining biodiversity, Measuring biodiversity, Biodiversity vs. components of biodiversity, Biodiversity vs. biological resources.

Unit -04:  Distribution of global biodiversity part -1
Factors affecting the global distribution of species, Geological eras and Fossils, Classification of Global habitat types.

Unit -05: Distribution of Global biodiversity Part – II
Biogeographic regions, Generalised methods of habital classification, The continuity of ecological units, Biodiversity hot spots, methods of prioritizing global biodiversity hot spots.

Block -2:  Systematic of Species Diversity (Part –I)

Unit -06:  Systemetic of species Diversity (Part –II).
Grouping and naming arganisms, Diversity among the different groups.

Unit -07: Systematics of species diversity Part-II Plant Kingdom.

Unit -08: Systematic of Species diversity Part – III
Diversity in the animal kingdom (Kingdom Animalia). The Vertebrates.

Unit -09: The Value of biodiversity
Use values of biodiversity, Biodiversity and economics.

Unit -10:  Resource use of biodiversity – Part – I
Resource value of biodiversity, Biodiversity and Food use, Genetic Resources, wood products.

Unit -11:  Resource Use of biodiversity – Part – II
Medicinal and other health security uses, Ornamental uses, Energy sources, Domestic Animals, Hunting, Recreation and tourism, Raw material for industry, Scientific use.

Block -3:  Loss of Global Biodiversity

Unit -12: Loss of Global Biodiversity
Causes of global biodiversity loss, Major impacts of biodiversity loss, Threatened species, causes of species extinction, Habitats vulnerable to greater species extinction, Estimating rates of species extinction.

Unit -13:  Conserving biodiversity Part –I
The concept of conserving biodiversity, The different levels of biodiversity conservation, Different types of protected areas, Different approaches to conserving biodiversity, Cultural and religious beliefs, In-situ conservation of species.

Unit -14:  Conserving biodiversity
Ex-situ conservation of species, Translocations, introductions and reintroductions, Reconciling the species and ecosystem based approaches.

Unit -15:  Planning Communication for biodiversity conservation
What is meant by communication for biodiversity Conservation, Scope of communication in biodiversity conservation, Two main types of Communication, Targeting biodiversity communication Two major groups, Step by step approach to biodiversity communication planning , organizations dealing with environmental communication.

Block -4:  Ecotourism and Biodiversity Conservation

Unit -16:  Ecotourism and Biodiversity Conservation status of
world tourism, Evolution of tourism, Nature tourism, Negative impacts of nature tourism, Ecotourism, Scope of ecotourism in biodiversity conservasion, Areas with best potential for ecotourism, Maintaining standards, for ecotourism.

Unit -17:  Management approaches for biodiversity Conservation (1).
Managing biodiversity in protected areas, Protecting biodiversity outside protected areas.

Unit -18:   Management approaches for biodiversity Conservation (2).
Sustainable use of biological resources, environmental impact assessment as management tool, Biodiversity surveys and assessments, Inventorying cultural / socioeconomic –biological features, The ecosystem approach.

PGD-ESD – 09
ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT

Block-01:  Environment and its Component.

Unit-01:  Introduction to Environment

Unit -02:   Structure of the Earth.

Unit -03:   Lithosphere

Unit -04:   Hydrosphere
(Hydrological Cycle, Water Quality)

Unit -05:   Atmosphere
Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Composition of the Atmosphere, Beyond the Atmosphere.

Unit -06:   Biosphere

Block-2:  Development Perspective for the Developing Countries

Unit -01:  What is Development
Sustainable Development, Environmental Concerns and sustainability, Economic activity and the environment.

Unit -02:   Special Economic Challenges
Poverty, Unemployment, Food Supply, Education, Human Health and Nutrition, Air Quality, Water Quality, Population, Demographic Transition, Development, Define Sustainability and its nature, Narrate the Major Events in Environmental Protection, the Principles and Development Strategies of Sustainable Development.

Unit -03:   Ecological Economics
Difference between neoclassical and ecological economics and how each discipline views ecological processes and natural resources, Different types and categories of resources, supply and demand after prices and technological progress, position on limit to growth and economic carrying capacity of our environment, Internal and external costs, market approaches to pollution control, cost benefit analysis, GNP and alternative ways to measure values of natural resources and real social progress , The role of business and some possible strategies for achieving future sustainability.

Block -3:  Importance and Practice of Resource Management for Sustainable Development

Unit -01:  Sustainable Resource Management
Sustainable Resource Management, Conservation and Management Land Resources, Desertification, Drought, water resource Management, Coastal Management, Bio-diversity.

Unit -02:  Conservation or Preservation
Who conserve wildlife, conservation and climate change, Conservation in context, Undisturbed Environments and Habitats, Protected Areas, Nature Reserves, National Parks, Bio-sphere Reserves, Wilderness, Protected Species, Trade in Endangered Species, captive Breeding and Reintroduction, Gene Books.

Block-4:  Role of Major Groups in the Protection of Environment for Development.

Unit -01: International Organisations
General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice (ICJ), UN Specialized Agencies.

Unit -02: UN Special Bodies / Functional Commissions/ Regional Commissions.
Special Bodies, UN Environmental Programme, Functional Commission, Regional Economic Commission, Regional and Sub regional Organization.

Unit -03:  The Function and Role of International Organizations

Unit -04:   Role of Non-Governmental Organizations

Unit -05:   International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Unit -06:   Role of the Individuals

Block-5:  Environment Law and Measures to Protect Environment for Development

Unit -01:   Basic Instruments of International Environmental Law.

Unit -02:   The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.

Unit -03:    Environmental Policy and Enforcement of Legal Mechanism.

Unit -04:     Environmental Education And Training.
Guiding Principles, International Environments and Environmental Education, Environmental Training, Training opportunities in UN System.

Unit -05: Environmental Ethics
Respect for Plants and Animals, Respect for Endangered Species, Respect for Ecosystems.

PG Diploma in Bio-Statistics and Demography (PGDBSD)

Course Structure:

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Terminal Examination

Assignment/ Internal

Total

Credits

 

PGDBSD-01

Concepts of Demography

70

30

100

8

 

PGDBSD-02

Demographic Models

70

30

100

8

 

PGDBSD-03

Research Methodology

70

30

100

8

 

PGDBSD-04

Bio-Statistics

70

30

100

8

 

PGDBSD-05

Practical and Viva-voice

100

 

100

8

 

Total

380

120

500

40

PGDBSD-01
Concepts of Demography

Block- 1:   Introduction to Demography
Unit-1:    Definition and Scope of Demography, Sources of Demographic Data: Cenuses, National Sample Survey, Simple Registration System, Demographic Health Surveys, Others, Basic Demographic Concepts,
Unit-2:    Dynamics of Age Sex Structure, Factors Affecting the Structure, Aging of Population, Factors Affected Age Structure
Unit-3:    Errors in Census and Vital Statistics and their Adjustment, Whipples and Myer’s Indecies, Chandrasekharan Deming Formulae to Check of Reglsfation Data.

Block- 2:  Demographic Parameters
Unit-1:    About Fertility, Different Measurements of Fertility, Basic Fertility Measures, Cole Fertility Indices, Reproduction Measures, Bongarts Proximate Determination, Birth Interval Analysis
Unit-2:    About Mortality, Different Measurements of Mortality, Basic Measures, Infant Mortality Rate, Maternal Mortality Rate, Basic Concepts of Life Table its types and forms, Model Life Table
Unit-3:      Concept of Mobility and Migration, Types of Migration, Different Measurements of Migration, Basic Measures, Causes and Consequences of International Migration.

PGDBSD-02  Demographic Models

Block- 1:  Fertility Models
Unit-1:      Brass P/F Ratio to Estimate Current Fertility Levels, Coales Models for Age Pattern of Fertility, Elementary Stochastic Processes. Fertility Models.
Unit-2:      Time of First Birth/Conception; Number of Births/Conceptions in a Specified Time; Birth Intervals. Study of fertility through Birth Interval Analysis.

Block- 2:   Mortality and Migration Models
Unit-1:       Life table and its Constitution. Makeham’s and Gompetz Curve, Abridged Life Yables, Model-Life-Tables, National Life Tables and Nuptiality tables.
Unit-2:        Migration Rates and Ratio’s Methods of Estimate Inter-Censal, Migration Using-Vital Statistics, Survival Ratio and Growth Rate, Migration Models. Indirect Measure of Net Internal Migration Based on Growth Rate Method, Methods to Estimate Inter-Censal Migration – Using Vital Statistics, Life Time Survival Ratio Method and Census Survival Methods, Estimation of International Migration.

Block- 3:  Population Growth Models
Unit-1:  Stable and Stationary Populations. Use of Leslire’s Matrix. Inter Censal And Post Censual Estimates. Growth Curves and Method of Their Fitting, Stochastic Models for Population Growth.
Unit-2:  Methods of Estimating Basic Demographic Measures from Incomplete Date. Logistic Curve and Its Fittings, Growth and Age- Sex Structure Of Projection, Conjectural Estimates, Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Component Method,

PGDBSD-03
Research Methodology

Block- 1:  Introduction to Research Methodology
Unit-1:    Meaning and Types of Research, Significance of Research, About Research Problem and its Selection. 
Unit-2:     Dynamics of Age Sex Structure, Factors Affecting the Structure, Aging of Population, Factors Affected Age Structure, Meaning and Need for Research Design.

Block- 2:  Sampling Design
Unit-1:    About Sampling, Different Types of Sampling Designs.
Unit-2:    Methods of Data Collection, Meaning and Techniques of Interpretation.
Unit-3:    Meaning and Measurement of Scaling. Scale Construction Techniques.

PGDBSD-04
Bio-Statistics

Block- 1:  Descriptive Statistics 
Unit-1:   About Statistics, Measures of Central Tendency, Measures of Dispersion, Measures of Asymmetry.
Unit-2:    Measures of Relationship, Regression Analysis Association of Attributes.

Block- 2:  Testing of Hypothesis
Unit-1: About Hypothesis and its Types, Level of Significance, Chi-Square Tests, t-tests, z-tests.
Unit-2:  Analysis of Variance and Co-Variance, Basic Principles of ANOVA and ANCOVA. (One Way, Two Way and Three Way Analysis)
Unit-3:  Non Parametric Tests, Sign Tests, Run Tests, Wilcoxan Tests, Kendall Tests. Etc.

PGDBSD-05
Practical and Viva-voice

Based on PGDBSD- 01, 02, 03 and 04

7. PG Diploma in Bio-Statistics and Population Studies (PGDBSPS)

Course Structure:

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Terminal Examination

Assignment/ Internal

Total

Credits

 

PGDBSPS-01

Population Studies: Concepts, Issues and Developments

70

30

100

8

 

PGDBSPS-02

Concepts of Demography

70

30

100

8

 

PGDBSPS-03

Research Methodology

70

30

100

8

 

PGDBSPS-04

Bio-Statistics

70

30

100

8

 

PGDBSPS-05

Practical and Viva voice

70

30

100

8

 

Total

350

150

500

40

PGDBSPS-01
Population Studies: Concepts, Issues and Developments

Block- 1:   Population, Resources and Development
Unit-1:       Need to Study the Population, Classification of Natural Resources, Capital Resources, Human Resources, Role of UN and Other International Agencies, etc. 
Unit-2:        Definition and Scope of Development, Indicators of Developments, Concept of Sustainable Development, Theories of Development.

Block- 2:    Population Projection and Policies
Unit-1:        Concepts of Population Projection, its uses, Different Methods cof Population Projection, Gompertz curve and Growth Rate Models.
Unit-2:        Principle Features of Policies, Policy, Formulation, Policy Indicators, National Population Policies, National Health Policy, National Rural Health Mission, National Health and Family Planning Programmes, etc.

PGDBSD-02 
Concepts of Demography

Block- 1:  Introduction to Demography
Unit-1:     Definition and Scope of Demography, Sources of Demographic Data: Cenuses, National Sample Survey, Simple Registration System, Demographic Health Surveys, Others, Basic Demographic Concepts,
Unit-2:     Dynamics of Age Sex Structure, Factors Affecting the Structure, Aging of Population, Factors Affected Age Structure
Unit-3:      Errors in Census and Vital Statistics and their Adjustment, Whipples and Myer’s Indecies, Chandrasekharan Deming Formulae to Check of Reglsfation Data.

Block- 2: Demographic Parameters
Unit-1:      About Fertility, Different Measurements of Fertility, Basic Fertility Measures, Cole Fertility Indices, Reproduction Measures, Bongarts Proximate Determination, Birth Interval Analysis
Unit-2:      About Mortality, Different Measurements of Mortality, Basic Measures, Infant Mortality Rate, Maternal Mortality Rate, Basic Concepts of Life Table its types and forms, Model Life Table
Unit-3:       Concept of Mobility and Migration, Types of Migration, Different Measurements of Migration, Basic Measures, Causes and Consequences of International Migration.

PGDBSPS-03
Research Methodology

Block- 1:   Introduction to Research Methodology
Unit-1:    Meaning and Types of Research, Significance of Research, About Research Problem and its Selection. 
Unit-2:    Dynamics of Age Sex Structure, Factors Affecting the Structure, Aging of Population, Factors Affected Age Structure, Meaning and Need for Research Design.

Block- 2:  Sampling Design
Unit-1:    About Sampling, Different Types of Sampling Designs.
Unit-2:     Methods of Data Collection, Meaning and Techniques of Interpretation.
Unit-3:      Meaning and Measurement of Scaling. Scale Construction Techniques.

PGDBSPS-04
Bio-Statistics

Block- 1: Descriptive Statistics 
Unit-1:     About Statistics, Measures of Central Tendency, Measures of Dispersion, Measures of Asymmetry.
Unit-2:     Measures of Relationship, Regression Analysis Association of Attributes.

Block- 2:  Testing of Hypothesis
Unit-1:       About Hypothesis and its Types, Level of Significance, Chi-Square Tests, t-tests, z-tests.
Unit-2:       Analysis of Variance and Co-Variance, Basic Principles of ANOVA and ANCOVA. (One Way, Two Way and Three Way Analysis)
Unit-3:       Non Parametric Tests, Sign Tests, Run Tests, Wilcoxan Tests, Kendall Tests. Etc.

PGDBSPS-05
Practical and Viva voice

Based on PGDBSPS- 01, 02, 03 and 04

8. Diploma in Applied Statistics and Computer [DASC]

Year

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

One Year Course

1649

DASC-01

Statistical Methods

4

1650

DASC-02

Probability and Probability Distribution

4

1651

DASC-03

Correlation, Regression and Statistical Inference

4

1652

DASC-04

Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments

4

1653

DASC-05

Numerical Methods and Basic Computer

4

1654

DASC-06

Applied Statistics

4

1655

DASC-07

Fundamental of Computer and IT

8

1656

DASC-08

Practical and Viva-voice

8

Total Credits

40

DASC-01
Statistical Methods

BLOCK – I .   Data Collection and Its Representation
 
Unit-I-    Data Collection and Tabulation :
Meanings, Definitions and Applications of Statistics, Measurements and Scale, Measurements of qualitative data, Methods of data collection, Types of data.

 Unit-II-  Representation of Data- I (Diagrammatical representation):  
Frequency distribution, Tabulation of data, Diagrammatical Representation of data, Bar diagram, Multiple bar diagram, Divided bar diagram, Percentage bar diagram, Pie chart, Pictogram, leaf chart,

Unit-II-   Representation of Data- I (Graphical representation):
Graphical representation of frequency distribution, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Frequency curve, Ogive.

BLOCK – II .  Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion

 Unit-I-  Measures of Central Tendency :
Types of measures of central tendency, Arithmetic mean, Fundamental Theorems on
Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Median, Mode, Percentiles, Deciles, and Quartiles. 

Unit-II-  Measures of Dispersion :
Types of measures of Dispersion, Range, Mean Deviation, Variance and Standard deviation, Effect of change of origin and scale, Relationship between measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion, Coefficient of variation. 

BLOCK – II .  Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

Unit-I-    Moments, Raw Moments and Central Moments :                                    
Definition of moments, raw moments for ungrouped data, raw moments for grouped data, Central moments, Factorial moments, Interrelationship between various moments, effect of change of origin and scale on moments, Charlier’s checks, Sheppard”s correction for moments.

Unit-II-  Skewness and Kurtosis :
Definition of skewness, Measures of skewness, Pearson’s coefficient, Bowley’s coefficients, Kurtosis, Measures of Kurtosis, effect of change of origin and scale.

DASC-02
Probability and Distribution

BLOCK – I.             Probability Theory

 Unit-I-          Random experiments and Probability:
           Deterministic and random experiments, Sample space, Events, Algebra of Events, Axiomatic definition of Probability, Classical definition of Probability, Statistical definition of probability, Addition Theorem of Probability .
 
Unit-II-          Conditional Probability:  
           Conditional probability, Multiplicative theorem of Probability, Independent events, Partition of sample space, Baye’s Theorem.

BLOCK – II. Probability Distributions and Expectations

 Unit-I-          Random Variables and Probability Distributions:
           Definition and types of random variable, Cumulative distribution function and its properties, Probability Mass Function, Probability Density Function..

 Unit-II-         Expectation:  
           Definition and types of Mathematical Expectation, Moments in terms of expectation, Mathematical and Multiplication theorems of Expectation,  other theorems on expectation.

Unit-III-        Inequalities for Moments:  
           Cauchy-Schwartz Inequality, Markov’s inequality, Chebyshev’s inequality.

BLOCK – III.          Concept of Probability Distributions

Unit-I-                       Univariate Distributions:
           Bernoulli Distribution, Binomial Distribution, mean and variance of binomial distribution, Moments, Moments Generating Function, Additive and Multiplicative property, Recurrence relation for moments, Fitting of Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution, Poisson Distribution as a limiting case of Binomial Distribution, mean and variance of Poisson distribution,  Moments, Moment Generating Function, Additive and Reproductive property, Recurrence relation for moments, fitting of Poisson Distribution.

 Unit-II-         Discreet Distribution:  
           Geometric Distribution, mean and variance, moment generating function of geometric distribution,  Negative Binomial Distribution, Moment Generating Function, Mean and Variance, Recurrence formulae for negative Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution as a limiting case of Negative Binomial Distribution, Hyper Geometric Distribution, Mean and Variance, Recurrence relation for Hyper Geometric distribution..

Unit-III-        Normal Distribution:  
      Normal Distribution and its parameters, Standard Normal Distribution, Moments, Moments Generating Function, Area Property, properties of normal curve, Standard Scores, Advantages and Characteristics of Z Scores. 

Unit-IV-        Continuous Distribution:
           Uniform Distribution, Moment Generating Function, Distribution Function, Moments of Uniform Distribution, Exponential Distribution, Moments, Moment Generating Function, Lack of Memory Property.

DASC-03
Correlation, Regression and Statistical Inference

BLOCK – I .            Correlation and Regression
 
Unit-I-           Bivariate Data and Correlation:
Scatter Diagram, Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation, Properties of correlation coefficient, limits of correlation coefficient, Effect of change of origin and scale on correlation coefficient.

 Unit-II-         Regression:  
Regressions, linear regression model, principal of least square, Regression lines, Regression coefficient, Properties of Regression coefficients.

Unit-III-        Correlation and Intra Class Correlation:  
Rank correlation coefficient, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients, rank correlation coefficient for tied ranks, Intra-class correlation, some remarks on Intra-class correlation. 

Unit-IV-        Theory of Attributes:
Combinations, Classes and Class frequencies of Attributes, Dichotomous Classification, Consistency of data, joint distribution of attributes, Contingency tables, Independence and Association of Attributes, Measures of Association, Yates Correction.

BLOCK – II . Basic Principles of Statistical Inference

 Unit-I-          Estimation :
           Point Estimation, properties of a good estimators, Consistency, Unbiased ness, Efficiency, Sufficiency, Confidence Interval Estimation .

 Unit-II-         Method of Estimation:  
           Procedures of Estimation, Method of Moments, method of Maximum Likelihood, Method of Scoring, Properties of Estimators.

Unit-III-        Testing of Hypothesis :  
           Statistical Hypothesis, Simple and Composite Hypothesis, Critical Region, Two kinds of Error, One-tailed and Two-tailed tests, Test of Significance, Most Powerful Test, Uniformly Most Powerful Test .

BLOCK – III .         Test of Significance
Unit-I-           Exact Tests and Fisher’s transformations :
           Tests of Significance based on Chi-Square Distribution, Tests of Significance based on t – Distribution, Tests of  Significance based on F – Distribution, Tests of Significance based on Fisher’s Z - Distribution.

 Unit-II-         Large Sample Tests :  
           Testing Significance of Mean, Testing Equality of Means, Testing Significance of Proportion, Testing Equality of Proportions, Testing Significance of Standard Deviation, Testing Equality of Standard Deviation.

Unit-III-        Non-Parametric Tests :  
        Non Parametric Tests, Sign Test, Wilcoxon Signed- Rank Test, Mann- Whitney U-Test, Run Test. 

DASC-04
Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments

BLOCK – I .            Samplings Theory - I
 
Unit-I-                       Simple Random Sampling:
      Advantages of Sampling over Complete Enumeration, Sampling and Non Sampling Errors, Probability or Random Sampling, Bias of an Estimator, Measures of Sampling Error, Simple Random Sampling Without Replacement (SRSWOR) .

 Unit-II-         Stratified Random Sampling:
      Introduction, Reasons & Advantages of Stratification,  Some theorems  .

Unit-III-        Allocation of Sample Size and Systematic Sampling:  
           Introduction, Equal Allocation, Proportional Allocation, Variance of Stratified Mean under Proportional Allocation, Optimum Allocation, Varience of Stratified Mean under Neyman Allocation, Relationship Among Three Variences, Impact of Arbitrary Allocation, Practical difficulties in Implementing Neyman Alloation, Systematic Random Sampling.

BLOCK – II .           Sampling Theory - II

Unit-I-                       Ratio and Regression Methods of Estimation:
Introduction, Ratio and Regression Estimators, Approximate Variances of the Ratio Estimators
 
Unit-II-          Cluster and Two Stage Sampling:  
           Cluster Sampling (Equal Cluster- Size), Estimation of Mean with SRS at both Stages, Relative Efficiency of Cluster Sampling, Two Stage Sampling, Estimation of Mean, Optimum Allocation when Cost Fixed and when Variance Fixed, Two- Phase (Double) Sampling for Stratification, Estimation of Mean, Difference between Multistage Sampling and Two Phase Sampling.

Unit-III-        Non- Sampling Errors: Response Error and Non Response Errors:  
           Introduction, Errors in Sampling, Sampling Errors, Non Sampling Errors, Response Errors, Sources  of Non Sampling Errors, Method of Minimizing Non- Response Errors.

BLOCK – III .         Design and Analysis of Experiments
 
Unit-I-                       Analysis of Variance, Design of Experiment and Completely Block Design :
Analysis of Variance, Linear Models and Analysis of Variance, Design of Experiment, Basic Principles of Design of Experiments, Completely Randomized Design.

 Unit-II-         Randomized Block Design and Latin square Design:  
Randomised Block Design, Efficiency of RBD, Missing Plot Technique, Latin Square Design, Efficiency of LSD.

DASC-05
Numerical Methods & Basic Computer Knowledge

BLOCK – I .            Finite Differences

Unit-I-                       Finite Differences:
           Forward Difference Operator, Difference Table, The Operator E, The Operator D, Backward Differences, Factorial Polynomial, Central Differences, Mean Operator.
 
Unit-II-          Interpolation With Equal Intervals:
           Introduction, Missing Values, Newton- Gregory Forward & Backward Interpolation Formula,   

Unit-III-        Interpolation With Un-Equal Intervals:  
           Introduction, Missing Values, Properties of Divided Differences, Newton’s Divided Difference Interpolating Polynomial, Error of the interpolation Polynomial Divided Differences and Derivatives.

Unit-IV-        Lagrange’s Interpolation : 
           Introduction, Lagrange’s Interpolating Polynomial, General Error term or Reminder Term, Linear Interpolation, error in Linear Interpolation.  

BLOCK – II .           Central Differences

Unit-I-                       Central Difference Interpolation Formulae:
           Introduction, Gauss Forward & Backward Formulae, Stirling’s Formula, Bessel’s Formula, Bessel’s Formula for halves.
 
Unit-II-          Inverse Interpolation:  
           Inverse Interpolation by Lagrange’s method, method of Successive Approximation, Method of Reversion of Series.

Unit-III-        Numerical Differentiation:  
           Introduction, Numerical Differential for Equal Intervals, Numerical Differential for Un-Equal Intervals, Approximation Formulae for the Derivative of a Function.

Unit-IV-        Numerical Integration: 
           Introduction, Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson’s One-Third Rule, Simpson’s Three-Eighth Rule, Waddle’s Rule, Eular-Maculerian Formula.

BLOCK – III .         Computer

Unit-I-                       Introduction to Computer :
Introduction, Characteristics of computer, Historical Evaluation of Computer, Generation of Computers, Classification of computers.
 
Unit-II-          Hardware:  
Introduction, CPU, Memory Organization, Input-Output Devices.

Unit-III-        System Software:  
Introduction, System Software, File Commands, Editing, Commands, Disk Management Commands, Number System

BLOCK – IV .         Basics of Computer Programming

Unit-I-                       Algorithm & Flow Charts :
Introduction, Algorithm, Flow Charts.

Unit-II-          Programming Language:  
Introduction, Machine Language, Assembly Language & Assembler, High Level Language, Object Oriented Programming, Programming Language Generation..

DASC-06
Applied Statistics

BLOCK – I .            Index Numbers:

Unit-I-                       Index Number: General Theory:
      Definition & Construction of an Index number, Price Relatives, Quantity or Volume Relatives, Value Relatives, Link & Chain Relatives, Problem involved in computation of an Index Number .

 Unit-II-         Index Numbers: Important Formulae:
      Introduction, Calculation of Index Number, Laspeyre’s, Paasche’s, Marshall- Edgeworth’s, fisher’s formulae, other indices, Quantity Index, Criteria of good Index Number

Unit-III-        Consumer Price Index Number:  
           Introduction, Construction & Computation of Consumer Price Index Number (CPI), Steps in construction of CPI, Use & Limitations of CPI, Base Shifting of Index Numbers, Splicing of Index Number Series, Deflating the Index Number, Index of Industrial Production.

BLOCK – II .           Time Series Analysis:
Unit-I-           Time Series: 
           Introduction, Utility of Time Series Analysis, Component of Time Series, Mathematical Models For Time Series Analysis.

Unit-II-          Determination of Trends:  
           Introduction, Graphic Method, Method of Semi Averages, Method of Curve Fitting by the Principle of Least Squares, Method of Moving Averages (when Period is Even & Odd).

Unit-III-        Determination of Seasonal Indices:  
           Introduction, Measurement of Seasonal Indices, Method of Simple Averages, Ratio to Trend Method, Ratio to Moving Average Method, Method of Link Relatives.

BLOCK – III . Demography:

Unit-I-                       Sources of Demographic Data :
           Introduction, Demography & Vital Statistics, Sources of Demographic Data, Errors in Data Collection, Evaluation & its Adjustments, Rates & Ratios.

 Unit-II-         Measures of Mortality:
            Introduction, Measures of Mortality, CDR, SDR, StDR, MMR, IMR.

Unit-III-        Measures of Fertility :  
           Introduction, Measures of Fertility, CBR, GFR, ASFR, TFR.
 
Unit-IV-        Life Tables: 
      Introduction, Description & Construction of Complete Life Table, Uses of a Life Table.

Unit-IV-        Measures of Reproductivity:
            Introduction, GRR, NRR.

BLOCK – III .         Statistical Quality Control:

Unit-I-                       Introduction of Statistical Quality Control :
           Introduction, Advantages of Quality Control, Quality Characteristics, Basic Principles & Operating Characteristics of Control Charts, Choice of Control Limits, Sample Size & Sample Frequency, Rational Subgroups, Analysis of Pattern on Control Charts, Rate of Detection of Change in Average Level.

 Unit-II-         Control Charts for Variables:  
           Introduction, Control Charts for Mean, Control Charts FDor Range, Control Charts for Standard Deviation.

Unit-III-        Control Charts for Attributes :
           Introduction, Control Charts for Fraction Defectives, Control Charts for Number of Defectives, Control Charts for Number of Defects .
 
Unit-IV-        Principles of Acceptance Sampling:  
           Introduction, AQL, LTPD, Producer’s Risk, Consumer’s Risk, OC Function, AOQ, Average Total Inspection, Average Sample Number, Single Sampling Plan, Double Sampling Plan, Sampling Inspection by Variables.

DASC-07
Fundamental of Computer & IT

Introduction to Computer:
Computer Basics: Characteristics of Computer, Application of Computer.
Basic Components of Computer: Components of Computer, CPU, Memory, Keyboard, Mouse, VDU, Printers, RAM, ROM, CD-ROM, Hardware and Software.
Classification of Computer: Analog, Digital Hybrid Computer, General purpose, Special Computer, Micro, Mini, Mainframe Computer, Super Computers, Desktop, Laptop, Palmtop. Representation of Data/information: Information Technology, Data, information, Data processing, Characteristics of information, Scope of information, Basic data types.
Basics of Digital Electronics:
Digital Number System : Number System, Decimal System, Binary System, Octal System, Hexadecimal System, Code Conversion, Binary Coes, 8421 Code/BCD Code, 2421 Code, 5211 Code, Reflective Code, Sequential Codes, Non weighted codes, Gray Code, Error Detecting and Correction Codes, ASCII Code, EBCDIC Code, Floating point Numbers.
Digital Logic Gates: Gate. AND, OR, NOT, BUF, NAND, NOR, XOR, XNOR, Universal
Gates. Simplification of Boolean Functions: Karnaugh Maps, Minimization Technique upto 5- vriable K-map, Inverse function. Digital Combinational Circuit: Decoders, Encoders, Priority Encoder, Multiplexer, De- Multiplexer, Boolean Function, Implementation, Mux-Demux Application Example. Sequential Circuits: Concept of Sequential logic, Asynchronous sequential circuit, Synchronous sequential circuits, Latces and Flip- Flops, RS, JK Latch, JK Master Slave Flip-Flop, Sequential circuits Design.
Memory System:
Introduction of Memories System: Memory Cell, Block diagram of Memory Cell, Memory locations and address, Memory operations, Memory hierarchy.
Main Memories: Semi-conductor RAM Memories, Static Memories, Dynamic RAM, Performance Measure, SDRAM, ROM, Flash Memory, Speed, sigze and cast of memory.
Secondary Storage Memories: Magnetic Disk Memory, Flopy Disk Memory, RAID Disk Arrays Optical Disk.
High Speed and Virtual Memories: Cache Memories, Performance Consideration, Virtual Memories, Demand Paging.
Microprocessor:
Introduction to Microprocessor: Evolution, Introduction and Characteristics of Microprocessor Systems, Microprocessors Register Structure, ALU, Timing and Control Unit, CPU, Memory, Input/Output, Hardware, Software and firmware, Machine , Language, Assembly language, High level language.
Microprocessor : Architecture, Softwaer Model, Functions and operations, Instruction and Data format, Opcode format, Data transfer Instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Addressing Mode of 8085. 16-Bit Microprocessor: Architecture, Bus interface unit, Execution Unit, Register Organisation, Memory Segmentation, Software Model of 8086, 8088 Microprocessor.
Advanced Microprocessors and Micro Controllers: Introduction to 32 bit and 64 bit
Microprocessors, The 80386. Microprocessor, The 80486 Microprocessor, Pentium Processor, Motorola 68XXX Processors, Microcotrollers.

DASC-06
Practical & Viva-voice

9. Certificate in Applied Statistics and Computer (CASC)

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

1639

CASC-01

Statistical Methods

4

1640

CASC-02

Probability and Probability Distribution

4

1641

CASC-03

Correlation, Regression and Statistical Inference

4

1642

CASC-04

Applied Statistics

4

1643

CASC-05

Fundamental of Computer and IT

8

Total Credits                           

24

CASC-01
Statistical Methods

BLOCK – I .            Data Collection and Its Representation
 
Unit-I-                       Data Collection and Tabulation :
                       Meanings, Definitions and Applications of Statistics, Measurements and Scale, Measurements of qualitative data, Methods of data collection, Types of data.

 Unit-II-         Representation of Data- I (Diagrammatical representation):  
           Frequency distribution, Tabulation of data, Diagrammatical Representation of data, Bar diagram, Multiple bar diagram, Divided bar diagram, Percentage bar diagram, Pie chart, Pictogram, leaf chart,

Unit-II-          Representation of Data- I (Graphical representation):
Graphical representation of frequency distribution, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Frequency curve, Ogive.

BLOCK – II .           Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion

 Unit-I-          Measures of Central Tendency :
Types of measures of central tendency, Arithmetic mean, Fundamental Theorems on
Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Median, Mode, Percentiles, Deciles, and Quartiles. 

Unit-II-          Measures of Dispersion :
Types of measures of Dispersion, Range, Mean Deviation, Variance and Standard deviation, Effect of change of origin and scale, Relationship between measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion, Coefficient of variation. 

BLOCK – II .           Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

Unit-I-                       Moments, Raw Moments and Central Moments :                                    
                       Definition of moments, raw moments for ungrouped data, raw moments for grouped data, Central moments, Factorial moments, Interrelationship between various moments, effect of change of origin and scale on moments, Charlier’s checks, Sheppard”s correction for moments.

Unit-II-          Skewness and Kurtosis :
Definition of skewness, Measures of skewness, Pearson’s coefficient, Bowley’s coefficients, Kurtosis, Measures of Kurtosis, effect of change of origin and scale.

CASC-02
Probability and Distribution

BLOCK – I.             Probability Theory

 Unit-I-          Random experiments and Probability:
           Deterministic and random experiments, Sample space, Events, Algebra of Events, Axiomatic definition of Probability, Classical definition of Probability, Statistical definition of probability, Addition Theorem of Probability .
 
Unit-II-          Conditional Probability:  
           Conditional probability, Multiplicative theorem of Probability, Independent events, Partition of sample space, Baye’s Theorem.

BLOCK – II. Probability Distributions and Expectations

 Unit-I-          Random Variables and Probability Distributions:
           Definition and types of random variable, Cumulative distribution function and its properties, Probability Mass Function, Probability Density Function..

 Unit-II-         Expectation:  
           Definition and types of Mathematical Expectation, Moments in terms of expectation, Mathematical and Multiplication theorems of Expectation,  other theorems on expectation.

Unit-III-        Inequalities for Moments:  
           Cauchy-Schwartz Inequality, Markov’s inequality, Chebyshev’s inequality.

BLOCK – III.          Concept of Probability Distributions

Unit-I-                       Univariate Distributions:
           Bernoulli Distribution, Binomial Distribution, mean and variance of binomial distribution, Moments, Moments Generating Function, Additive and Multiplicative property, Recurrence relation for moments, Fitting of Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution, Poisson Distribution as a limiting case of Binomial Distribution, mean and variance of Poisson distribution,  Moments, Moment Generating Function, Additive and Reproductive property, Recurrence relation for moments, fitting of Poisson Distribution.

 Unit-II-         Discreet Distribution:  
           Geometric Distribution, mean and variance, moment generating function of geometric distribution,  Negative Binomial Distribution, Moment Generating Function, Mean and Variance, Recurrence formulae for negative Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution as a limiting case of Negative Binomial Distribution, Hyper Geometric Distribution, Mean and Variance, Recurrence relation for Hyper Geometric distribution..

Unit-III-        Normal Distribution:  
      Normal Distribution and its parameters, Standard Normal Distribution, Moments, Moments Generating Function, Area Property, properties of normal curve, Standard Scores, Advantages and Characteristics of Z Scores. 

Unit-IV-        Continuous Distribution:
           Uniform Distribution, Moment Generating Function, Distribution Function, Moments of Uniform Distribution, Exponential Distribution, Moments, Moment Generating Function, Lack of Memory Property.

CASC-03
Correlation, Regression and Statistical Inference

BLOCK – I .            Correlation and Regression
 
Unit-I-           Bivariate Data and Correlation:
Scatter Diagram, Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation, Properties of correlation coefficient, limits of correlation coefficient, Effect of change of origin and scale on correlation coefficient.

 Unit-II-         Regression:  
Regressions, linear regression model, principal of least square, Regression lines, Regression coefficient, Properties of Regression coefficients.

Unit-III-        Correlation and Intra Class Correlation:  
Rank correlation coefficient, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients, rank correlation coefficient for tied ranks, Intra-class correlation, some remarks on Intra-class correlation. 

Unit-IV-        Theory of Attributes:
Combinations, Classes and Class frequencies of Attributes, Dichotomous Classification, Consistency of data, joint distribution of attributes, Contingency tables, Independence and Association of Attributes, Measures of Association, Yates Correction.

BLOCK – II . Basic Principles of Statistical Inference

 Unit-I-          Estimation :
           Point Estimation, properties of a good estimators, Consistency, Unbiased ness, Efficiency, Sufficiency, Confidence Interval Estimation .

 Unit-II-         Method of Estimation:  
           Procedures of Estimation, Method of Moments, method of Maximum Likelihood, Method of Scoring, Properties of Estimators.

Unit-III-        Testing of Hypothesis :  
           Statistical Hypothesis, Simple and Composite Hypothesis, Critical Region, Two kinds of Error, One-tailed and Two-tailed tests, Test of Significance, Most Powerful Test, Uniformly Most Powerful Test .

BLOCK – III .         Test of Significance
Unit-I-           Exact Tests and Fisher’s transformations :
           Tests of Significance based on Chi-Square Distribution, Tests of Significance based on t – Distribution, Tests of  Significance based on F – Distribution, Tests of Significance based on Fisher’s Z - Distribution.

 Unit-II-         Large Sample Tests :  
           Testing Significance of Mean, Testing Equality of Means, Testing Significance of Proportion, Testing Equality of Proportions, Testing Significance of Standard Deviation, Testing Equality of Standard Deviation.

Unit-III-        Non-Parametric Tests :  
        Non Parametric Tests, Sign Test, Wilcoxon Signed- Rank Test, Mann- Whitney U-Test, Run Test. 

CASC-04
Applied Statistics

BLOCK – I .            Index Numbers:

Unit-I-                       Index Number: General Theory:
      Definition & Construction of an Index number, Price Relatives, Quantity or Volume Relatives, Value Relatives, Link & Chain Relatives, Problem involved in computation of an Index Number .

 Unit-II-         Index Numbers: Important Formulae:
      Introduction, Calculation of Index Number, Laspeyre’s, Paasche’s, Marshall- Edgeworth’s, fisher’s formulae, other indices, Quantity Index, Criteria of good Index Number

Unit-III-        Consumer Price Index Number:  
           Introduction, Construction & Computation of Consumer Price Index Number (CPI), Steps in construction of CPI, Use & Limitations of CPI, Base Shifting of Index Numbers, Splicing of Index Number Series, Deflating the Index Number, Index of Industrial Production.

BLOCK – II .           Time Series Analysis:
Unit-I-           Time Series: 
           Introduction, Utility of Time Series Analysis, Component of Time Series, Mathematical Models For Time Series Analysis.

Unit-II-          Determination of Trends:  
           Introduction, Graphic Method, Method of Semi Averages, Method of Curve Fitting by the Principle of Least Squares, Method of Moving Averages (when Period is Even & Odd).

Unit-III-        Determination of Seasonal Indices:  
           Introduction, Measurement of Seasonal Indices, Method of Simple Averages, Ratio to Trend Method, Ratio to Moving Average Method, Method of Link Relatives.

BLOCK – III . Demography:

Unit-I-                       Sources of Demographic Data :
           Introduction, Demography & Vital Statistics, Sources of Demographic Data, Errors in Data Collection, Evaluation & its Adjustments, Rates & Ratios.

 Unit-II-         Measures of Mortality:
            Introduction, Measures of Mortality, CDR, SDR, StDR, MMR, IMR.

Unit-III-        Measures of Fertility :  
           Introduction, Measures of Fertility, CBR, GFR, ASFR, TFR.
 
Unit-IV-        Life Tables: 
      Introduction, Description & Construction of Complete Life Table, Uses of a Life Table.

Unit-IV-        Measures of Reproductivity:
            Introduction, GRR, NRR.

BLOCK – III .         Statistical Quality Control:

Unit-I-                       Introduction of Statistical Quality Control :
           Introduction, Advantages of Quality Control, Quality Characteristics, Basic Principles & Operating Characteristics of Control Charts, Choice of Control Limits, Sample Size & Sample Frequency, Rational Subgroups, Analysis of Pattern on Control Charts, Rate of Detection of Change in Average Level.

 Unit-II-         Control Charts for Variables:  
           Introduction, Control Charts for Mean, Control Charts FDor Range, Control Charts for Standard Deviation.

Unit-III-        Control Charts for Attributes :
           Introduction, Control Charts for Fraction Defectives, Control Charts for Number of Defectives, Control Charts for Number of Defects .
 
Unit-IV-        Principles of Acceptance Sampling:  
           Introduction, AQL, LTPD, Producer’s Risk, Consumer’s Risk, OC Function, AOQ, Average Total Inspection, Average Sample Number, Single Sampling Plan, Double Sampling Plan, Sampling Inspection by Variables.

CASC-05
Fundamental of Computer & IT

Introduction to Computer:
Computer Basics: Characteristics of Computer, Application of Computer.
Basic Components of Computer: Components of Computer, CPU, Memory, Keyboard, Mouse, VDU, Printers, RAM, ROM, CD-ROM, Hardware and Software.
Classification of Computer: Analog, Digital Hybrid Computer, General purpose, Special Computer, Micro, Mini, Mainframe Computer, Super Computers, Desktop, Laptop, Palmtop. Representation of Data/information: Information Technology, Data, information, Data processing, Characteristics of information, Scope of information, Basic data types.
Basics of Digital Electronics:
Digital Number System : Number System, Decimal System, Binary System, Octal System, Hexadecimal System, Code Conversion, Binary Coes, 8421 Code/BCD Code, 2421 Code, 5211 Code, Reflective Code, Sequential Codes, Non weighted codes, Gray Code, Error Detecting and Correction Codes, ASCII Code, EBCDIC Code, Floating point Numbers.
Digital Logic Gates: Gate. AND, OR, NOT, BUF, NAND, NOR, XOR, XNOR, Universal
Gates. Simplification of Boolean Functions: Karnaugh Maps, Minimization Technique upto 5- vriable K-map, Inverse function. Digital Combinational Circuit: Decoders, Encoders, Priority Encoder, Multiplexer, De- Multiplexer, Boolean Function, Implementation, Mux-Demux Application Example. Sequential Circuits: Concept of Sequential logic, Asynchronous sequential circuit, Synchronous sequential circuits, Latces and Flip- Flops, RS, JK Latch, JK Master Slave Flip-Flop, Sequential circuits Design.
Memory System:
Introduction of Memories System: Memory Cell, Block diagram of Memory Cell, Memory locations and address, Memory operations, Memory hierarchy.
Main Memories: Semi-conductor RAM Memories, Static Memories, Dynamic RAM, Performance Measure, SDRAM, ROM, Flash Memory, Speed, sigze and cast of memory.
Secondary Storage Memories: Magnetic Disk Memory, Flopy Disk Memory, RAID Disk Arrays Optical Disk.
High Speed and Virtual Memories: Cache Memories, Performance Consideration, Virtual Memories, Demand Paging.
Microprocessor:
Introduction to Microprocessor: Evolution, Introduction and Characteristics of Microprocessor Systems, Microprocessors Register Structure, ALU, Timing and Control Unit, CPU, Memory, Input/Output, Hardware, Software and firmware, Machine , Language, Assembly language, High level language.
Microprocessor : Architecture, Softwaer Model, Functions and operations, Instruction and Data format, Opcode format, Data transfer Instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Addressing Mode of 8085. 16-Bit Microprocessor: Architecture, Bus interface unit, Execution Unit, Register Organisation, Memory Segmentation, Software Model of 8086, 8088 Microprocessor.
Advanced Microprocessors and Micro Controllers: Introduction to 32 bit and 64 bit
Microprocessors, The 80386. Microprocessor, The 80486 Microprocessor, Pentium Processor, Motorola 68XXX Processors, Microcotrollers.

10. Certificate in Forensic Science (CFS)

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

6111

CFS-01

Forensic Science, Crime Scene, Management, Questioned Documents and Finger Prints

4

6112

CFS-02

Forensic Biology, Serology, Chemistry and Toxicology

4

6113

CFS-03

Forensic Physics, Ballistics Digital Forensic and Special Topics

4

6114

CFS-04(P)

Practical-1

6

6115

CFS-05(P)

Practical-2

6

Total Credits

24

CFS-01
( Forensic Science, Crime scene Management, Questioned Document & Fingerprints)

Block-I  Functions of Forensic Science & Crime Management
Unit – I Definition and concepts of Forensic Science. Basic principles of forensic science. History and development of forensic science in India.
Unit- II Tools and techniques. Branches of forensic science. Organizational structure of forensic science laboratories.
Unit-III Crime Scene investigations. Protection and isolating the crime scene. Documentation of crime scene by photography. Sketching and field notes.
Unit IV- Type, Significance and Classification of physical and trace evidences. Collection and care of evidence. Submission of evidence. Chain of evidence. Reconstruction of crime scene. Significance of density, conductivity, refractive index and particle size in analyzing the trace evidence. Evidence pertaining to tool marks, glass, fibre and soil.
Block-II Questioned Documents & Fingerprints.
Unit-V Scope, development, definition and nature of questioned documents. General and individual characteristics of handwriting.
Unit-VI Development of individuality in handwriting. Examination and comparison of handwriting. Natural variations and fundamental divergences in handwritings.
Unit-VII Forgeries and Line Quality defects. Alterations in documents, including erasures, additions, over-writings and obligations. Anonymous letters, disguised hand writing. Type scripts, charred/burnt documents and standard for comparison.
Unit-VIII Fundamental Principles of Fingerprinting Classification of fingerprints. Plain and rolled fingerprints. Latent fingerprints and their development.

CFS-02
(Forensic Biology, Serology, Chemistry & Toxicology)

Block- III Forensic Biology & Serology.
Unit IX           Biological Evidence. Importance, nature, location, collection and evaluation of
biological evidence.
Unit X             Hair Examination. Structure of hair. Growth and replacement of hair. Collection
and preservation of hair evidence. Identification from hair.
Unit XI           Forensic Entomology, Insects of forensic importance. Collection of
entomological evidence during death investigation.
Unit XII          Blood and blood groups. Forensic Characterization of bloodstains. Bloodstain
patterns. Forensic signification of semen, saliva, sweat, milk and urine. Scientific
basis of DNA typing. 
Block-IV         Forensic Chemistry & Toxicology.
Unit XIII        Arson. Chemistry of fire. Searching, collection and preservation of arson
evidences. Scientific investigation and evaluation of clue materials.
Unit XIV        Explosives. Classification of explosives. Explosion process. Blast waves.
Searching the source of explosion. Post blast residue collection  and analysis.
Unit XV          Natural and Synthetic drugs of abuse. Classification of drugs of abuse. Field
and laboratory tests of drugs of abuse. Collection and preservation of drugs of
abuse. Adulteration of petroleum products. Analysis of alcoholic beverages.
Detective dyes.
Unit XVI        Poisons. Classification of poisons. Physio-Chemical and  mode of action of
poisons. Accidental, suicidal and homicidal poisonings. Collection and
preservation viscera, blood and urine for various poisons cases.   

CFS-03
(Forensic Physics, Ballistics Digital Forensics & Special Topics)

Block- III Forensic Physics, Ballistics.
Unit XVII       Speaker Identification and audio video authentication. Voice production
theory. Acoustic characteristics of speech. Analog and digital type recording.
Unit XVIII     Classification of firearms. Firing mechanisms of different firearms. Range of
fire. Introduction to internal, external and terminal ballistics. Matchins of bullets
and cartridges. Mechanism of formation gunshot residues.
Unit XIX        Mechanism of Formation Gunshot Residues. Methods of analysis of gunshot
residues form shooting hands and targets.
Block VI Digital Forensics and Special Topics.
Unit XX          Computer and cyber crimes. Networks and Computer crimes and their types.
Unauthorized access and interception. Hacking. Computer viruses and security.
Computer scanners. Software piracy. Data recovery. Printing of  counterfeit
currency.
Unit XXI        Polygraphy. Truth and deception. Psychology of lying and legal aspects of narco
analysis.
Unit XXII       Brain Fingerprinting. Concept and Significance of brain fingerprinting. Future
and legal aspects of brain fingerprinting.

11. Certificate Course in Computer Animation (CCCA)

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

University Examination

Total

Credits 

 

CCCA-01

Fundamentals of animation and basic sketching

100

100

 4

 

CCCA-02

2D Digital Animation: Flash

100

100

 4

 

CCCA-03

Graphic Design(Adobe Illustrator, Corel DRAW and Adobe Photoshop)

100

100

 8

 

CCCA-04

 Lab based on CCCA-02 and CCCA-03

100

100

 8

Total

400

400

24

 

 

SYLLABUS

FUNDAMENTALS OF ANIMATION AND BASIC SKETCHING
Course Code: CCCA-01

Unit I
What is animation, History of animation, concept of animation and persistence of vision, Introduction to Experimental animation, Orientation into visual art form, Orientation into performing art form, Relevance of message and medium and a relationship,

Unit II
The Basics of traditional 2D animation, Intro to the skill required the animators, Learning to draw lines, circles, ovals, scribbles, jig jag (random) patterns etc. Beginning life drawing, use of simple shapes. How to draw drawings with the help of basic shapes

Unit III
An intro on how to make drawings for animation, shapes and forms, About 2D and 3D drawings, Life drawing, Caricaturing-fundamentals, Exaggeration, Silhouette.

Unit IV
Background elements, trees, mountains, clouds, water bodies, meadows, buildings, science fiction storybackgrounds, backgrounds of mythological stories perspective drawing
Lights and shadows day night scenes,

UNIT V
Perspective drawing Lights and shadows day night scenes, Concept of layers, Back ground, stage, foreground elements, Layout designs,

Recommended Books:
1. Experimental animation: An illustrated anthology Robert russett and Cecile Starr.
2. The Everything Drawing Book: From Basic Shapes To People and Animals by Helen south

References:
1. Visual art: a critical introduction by James Morton Carpenter (Harcourt Brace Jovanovichpublishers)
2. Making Clay Animation by Nancy Smith, Melinda Kolk.
3. Clay Modeling by Sally Henry (Rosen Publishing Group)
4. Optical Illusion Flip-Book: Astounding Optical Illusions by GylesBrandreth, Katherine Joyce(sterling publisher)

2D DIGITAL ANIMATION: FLASH
Course Code: CCCA-02

Unit I
Flash workflow & Workspace, Intro to flash, Workspace overview, Customize the workshop
Using the stage and tools panel, About the timeline, Using Flash panels, Property inspector
Library panel, Movie explorer, History panel, Color panel, Working with Flash documents: About flash files, Create or open a document and set its properties, View a document when multiple documents are open. Working with project, importing art work into flash (working with PSD files-PSD file import preferences)"

Unit II
Adding media to library, Work with libraries and its items, working with timeline, working with scenes, Find and replace command, about templates, Drawing Basics: About vector and bitmap graphics, Flash drawing module, about overlapping shapes, Using flash drawing and painting tools: Draw with pencil tools, draw straight lines, Reshaping lines and shape outlines, snapping (object snapping, pixel snapping and snap alignment, working with color, strokes and fills.

Unit III
Working with graphic objects: Selection objects, moving, copying and deleting objects, Arranging objects (Stack, Align, group, Break apart groups and objects) and Transforming object, Using symbols, instances and library assets: Symbols overview, Types of symbols, Create symbols, Convent animation on the stage into a movie clip, Duplicate symbols, Edit symbols, working with symbol instances.

Unit IV
Creating animation: Animation basics, creating motion, creating key frames, Representations of animation in the timeline, Frame rates, Frame by frame animation, Onion skinning, Extend still images, Mask layers.

Unit V
USING timeline effects, Twinned Animation, Special effects, Filter: Animation filters, Create preset filter libraries, Blend modes in Flash, Working with text, working with Sound, Working with video.

Recommended Books:
1. Adobe Flash Professional CS5 Classroom in a Book (Author: Adobe Creative Team) Adobe Press.

References:
1. Flash character animation: applied studio techniques By Lee Purcell (Sams publishing).
2. Adobe Flash Catalyst CS5 Classroom in a Book (Author: Adobe Creative Team).
3. Flash + after effects by Chris Jackson (Focal press publication).

GRAPHICS DESIGN (ADOBE ILLUSTRATOR, CORELDRAW AND ADOBE PHOTOSHOP)
Course Code: CCCA-03

Unit I.
Introduction to Adobe Illustrator, work area andworkspaces and tools. Opening files, importing art work, viewing art work, rulers and grids, Drawingin Illustrator, drawing lines and shapes, pencil tool, pen tool, editing drawing, tracing, symbols,colouring, applying colours, swatches, adjusting colour and colour settings, Painting with Illustrator, fills, strokes, brushes, transparency, blending, gradient, meshes and colourblending.

Unit II
Getting Started with Corel Draw X4,Explore the Corel Draw X4 Interface, Customize the Workspace,Differentiate Between Raster and Vector Graphics, importing art work, Set Up a Drawing Page, DrawShapes, Draw Lines, Bezier, Curves, Shape Tool, Include Objects

Unit III
Working with Fills, Pattern, differentiates between RGB and CMYK color and color settings. Workingwith text tool, Point Text and Paragraph text, Add Text to Objects, Fit Text on a Path, Work withParagraph Text, Wrap Paragraph text, Work with a Text Style, Insert Special Characters, Spell Check aDocuments Create a Table, Modify a Table, Format a Table, Group and ungroup object, Masking Objects.
 

Unit IV
Photoshop and its interface, Navigation and All tools, Working with basic selections, advanced
selections-1(on the basis of channels, color range, extract, filter etc), Exercises on selections, QuickMasks, Layer Mask, Vector Mask, Layers & Layer Blending Modes.Play with Photoshop filters-martFilters, Filter Gallery, exercises, Bring some object and try to make it in computer, Make your owncartoon character.

Unit V
Color Theory, Make a perfect cropping of some images using Photoshop, Prepare a cutout of someimages using Photoshop, Place nice background for those images, Prepare nice background usinggradient tool, Scan various images, Color adjustment of those images (PHOTO RETOUCHING), Make Nature scene (winter) digital painting, Make Nature scene (summer) digital painting.Makedigital painting (Use brush, pencil, smudge etc), Make something like modern art keeping in mindcolor combination, Make a collage of Indian art and culture.Make a collage of wildlife animals, Makea portrait of celebrity (Digital painting)

Recommended Books:
1. Adobe Illustrator CS5 Bible by Steve Johnson.
2. Coral DrawX4 The Official Guide Gary David Boutan
3. Adobe Photoshop CS5 Classroom in a Book (Author: Adobe Creative Team) Adobe Press.

References:
1. Teach Yourself Visually - Adobe Photoshop CS5 by Mike Wooldridge (Wiley publishing).
2. Adobe Photoshop CS5 Bible by steve Johnson.
3. Adobe Photoshop CS5 Bible by Lisa Danae Dayley& Brad Dayley.
4. Adobe Illustrator CS5 Bible by Ted Alspach
5. Straight to the point Coral DrawX4 Dinesh Maidanani
6. Coral DrawX4 in simple steps- Kogen solution

LAB BASED ON PAPERS CCCA-02 AND CCCA-03
Course Code: CCCA-04

Graphic Design and Flash

    • Draw a 5 basic object using the basic shapes.
    • Create a business card for graphic design company using the shapes and text.
    • Create a magazine cover page.
    • Create a CD front and back cover design for a music company.
    • Draw simple line object with the help of shape tools in Adobe Illustrator.
    • Create a scene of jungle with lines, shapes and object and pen tool.
    • Apply colour and gradient to above scene.
    • Import a drawing, trace it and apply colour filter and effect and export to various image formats.
    • Some advertisement for products, posters of social importance.
    • Design a logo, brochure, covering letter, visiting cards.
    • Prepare a cutout of some images using Photoshop.
    • Place nice background for those images.
    • Prepare nice background using gradient tool.
    • Design Ad, movie poster.
    • Photo retouching
    • Squash and Stretch, Anticipation, Staging, Straight ahead and pose to pose
    • Follow through and overlapping action,
    • slow in and slow out, Arcs, Secondary action, Timing, Exaggeration, Solid drawing, Appeal, Mass and weight, Character acting, Volume.
    • Walk cycles of Biped (human), Walk cycles of Quadruped (animal)
    12. CERTIFICATE COURSE IN WEB DESIGNING AND DEVELOPMENT

Paper No.

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

8031

CCWD-01

Basics of HTML and CSS

4

8032

CCWD-02

Introduction to JSP

4

8033

CCWD-03

Introduction to PHP

4

8034

CCWD-04

Introduction to DBMS and MySQL

4

8035

CCWD-05

 Lab based on CCWD-01, CCWD-02, CCWD-03 and CCWD-04

8

Total

24

SYLLABUS

Course Code: CCWD-01
BASICS OF HTML AND CSS

Unit I:Web Design Principles
Basic principles involved in developing a web site, Planning process, Five Golden rules of web designing, Designing navigation bar, Page design, Home Page Layout, Design Concept.

Unit II:Basics in Web Design
Brief History of Internet, What is World Wide Web, Why create a web site, Web Standards, Audience requirement.

Unit III:Introduction to HTML
What is HTML, HTML Documents, Basic structure of an HTML document, creating an HTML document, Mark up Tags, Heading-Paragraphs, Line Breaks,HTML Tags.

Unit IV:Elements of HTML
Introduction to elements of HTML, Working with Text, Working with Lists, Tables and Frames, Working with Hyperlinks, Images and Multimedia, Working with Forms and controls

Unit V: Introduction to Cascading Style Sheets
Concept of CSS, Creating Style Sheet, CSS Properties, CSS Styling(Background, Text Format, Controlling Fonts), Working with block elements and objects, Working with Lists and Tables, CSS Id and Class, Box Model(Introduction, Border properties, Padding Properties, Margin properties), CSS Advanced(Grouping, Dimension, Display, Positioning, Floating, Align,Pseudo class, Navigation Bar, Image Sprites, Attribute sector), Color, Creating page Layout and Site Designs.

Unit VI:Introduction to Web Publishing or Hosting
Creating the Web Site, Saving the site, Working on the web site, Creating web site structure, Creating Titles for web pages, Themes-Publishing web sites.

Recommended Book:

  1. HTML, XHTML, and CSS Bible 5ed, Steven M. Schafer, Wiley India

Reference Books:

    • HTML 5 in simple steps, Kogent Learning Solutions Inc., Dreamtech Press.
    • A beginner’s guide to HTML, NCSA

Course Code: CCWD-02
INTRODUCTION TO JSP

Unit I:
Introduction to Java Server Pages, Features of JSP 2.1, Access Models, Advantages of JSP over competing technologies, developing a simple Java Server Page, JSP Processing model, comments and character coding conventions
Unit II:
Forms of scripting elements, predefined variables, examples using scripting elements, JSP Directives, JSP Page Directive, JSP Include Directive
Unit III:
JSP Actions, JSP: include action, JSP: forward action, jsprplugin action, java beans, bean related actions, custom tags, type of tags, creating custom tags
Unit IV:
Introduction to advance custom tags, using simple tags, using tag files, JSP standard tag library, why use JSTL, using expression language, using JSTL
Unit V:
Introduction to JavaScript, understanding events, JavaScript example, external JavaScript, comments, variable, global variable, data types, operators, if statement, switch, for, while, functions, JavaScript objects, JavaScript array
Unit VI:
Browser objects, window objects, document object, getElementsbyId, getElementsbyName, getElementsbyTagName, innerHTML property, inner Text property, form validation, email validation, jQuery HOME, jQuery Intro, jQuery Install, jQuery Syntax, jQuery Selectors, jQuery Events, jQuery Hide/Show, jQuery Fade, jQuery Slide, jQuery Animate, jQuery stop(), jQuery Callback, jQuery Chaining, jQuery GetjQuery Set, jQuery Add, jQuery Remove, jQuery CSS Classes, jQuery css(), jQuery Dimensions, jquery slider
Recommended Books:
JSP 2.0: The Complete Reference, Second Edition by Philip Hanna, Osborne/McGraw-Hill
Eloquent JavaScript: A Modern Introduction to Programming, by Marijn Haverbeke
Reference Book:

Java Server Pages, 3rd Edition, by Hans Bergsten, O’Reilly Media

Course Code:CCWD-03
INTRODUCTION TO PHP

Unit I:
Introducing PHP, configuring the environment, embedding PHP in web pages, commenting the code, outputting data to the browser, PHP’s supported data types, identifiers, variables, constants, expressions, string interpolations, control structures, invoking a function, creating a function, function libraries, creating an array, outputting an array, adding and removing array elements, locating array elements, traversing arrays, determining array size and uniqueness, sorting arrays, merging, slicing and dissecting arrays, other useful array functions
Unit II:
Configuration directives, error logging, exception handling, regular expressions, other string specific functions, alternatives for regular expressions, taking advantage of PEAR:Validate_US, learning about files and directories, working with files, executing shell commands, system-level program execution, the UNIX time stamp, PHP’s date and time library, date Fu, date and time enhancement for PHP 5.1+ users
Unit III:
PHP and Web forms, validating form data, taking advantage of PEAR:HTML_QuickForm2, HTTP authentication concepts, authenticating your users with PHP, user login administration, uploading files via HTTP,           uploading files with PHP, taking advantage of PEAR:HTTP_Upload, DNS services and servers, mail, common networking tasks
Unit IV:
What is session handling, configuration directives, working with sessions, practical session handling examples, creating custom session handlers, web services, really simple syndication, introducing SimplePie, SimpleXML, configuring PHP securely, hiding configuration details, hiding sensitive data, data encryption, translating websites with Gettext, localizing dates, numbers and times.

Recommended Book:
Beginning PHP and MySQL, From Novice to Professional, Fourth Edition by W. Jason Gilmore, Apress 

Reference Book:
The Joy of PHP: A Beginner's Guide to Programming Interactive Web Applications with PHP and mySQL 

Course Code: CCWD-04
INTRODUCTION TO DBMS AND MySQL
Unit I:
Introduction to DBMS, characteristics of the database approach, database administrators, database designers, end users, advantages of using DBMS approach, data models, schemas and instances, three schema architecture and data independence, databases languages and interfaces, database system environment, Centralized and Client/Server Architectures for DBMSs, classification of database management systems

Unit II:
The evolution of MySQL, prominent MySQL users, downloading and installing MySQL, setting administrator password, starting and stopping MySQL, configuring and optimizing MySQL, configuring PHP to work with MySQL, Introducing the command line clients, MySQL's GUI client programs, phpMyAdmin

Unit III:
Storage Engines, data types and attributes, working with databases and tables, securing the mysqld Daemon, the MySQL access privilege system, user and privilege management, limiting user resources, secure MySQL connections, using PHP with MySQL, installation prerequisites, using the MySQLi extension, interacting with the database, executing database transactions

Unit IV:
Introducing triggers, MySQL’s Trigger support, integrating triggers into web applications, introducing Views, MySQL’s View support, incorporating Views into web applications, practical database queries, creating tabular output with PEAR, sorting output, creating paged output, listing page numbers, querying multiple tables with subqueries, iterating result sets with cursors

Unit V:
Database indexing, forms-based searches, transactions, MySQL’s transaction capabilities, a sample project, building transactional applications with PHP, using data delimitation, importing data, exporting data

Recommended Book:
Beginning PHP and MySQL, From Novice to Professional, Fourth Edition by W. Jason Gilmore, Apress

Reference Book:
Fundamentals of Database Systems, Fifth Edition, by Elmasri and Navathe

    13. CERTIFICATES COURSES IN WASTE WATER TREATMENT [CWWT]

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

CWWT-01

Water and Waste water pollution              

8

CWWT-02

Water management and Disputes                

8

CWWT-03

Theory Paper on ETP or STP                         

8

Total Credits

24

CWWT-01: Water and Waste water pollution

  1. Introduction (ii) Types and Sources of Water Pollution (iii) Water Analysis and Analytical methods (iv) Heavy metals and water pollution (v) Water microbiology 

CWWT-02:  Water and Waste water Techniques

  1. Need of Treatment (ii) Waste water Treatment (iii) Flow Sheet for water treatment and its discussion (iv) Flow Sheet for Sewage treatment and its discussion (v) Water management policies of Govt. of  India

CWWT (S)-03: Theory Paper on ETP or STP

  1. Introduction, Design of ETP, Design of STP, Application of ETP & STP, Political Framework
    14. CERTIFICATES COURCES IN NATURAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT(CNSD)

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

CNSD-01

Perspective on Natural Resources

8

CNSD-02

Sustainable Development                                                        

8

CNSD-03

Policies Related to Environmental Sustainability 

8

Total Credits

24

CNSD-01 Perspective on Natural Resources   (8 Credit)

  1. Introduction (ii)  Natural Resource damage quantification techniques(iii) Agenda 21 and Natural Resources (iv) Natural Resources and Education for Sustainable Development

CNSD-02 Sustainable Development (8 Credit)
(i) Concept of Sustainable Development (ii) Life cycle assessment (iii) Triple bottom line (iv) Sustainable Procurement (v) Carrying Capacity based planning process. (vi) Concept of water and carbon  footprint (vii) Measurement of sustainability in  village/ town level (viii) Eco-restoration technique

CNSD-03 Policies Related to Environmental Sustainability (8 Credit)
(i) UN Conference on human environment (ii) Earth Summit and Rio +20 (iii) World summit on Sustainable Development (iv) Conference of Parties (v) India and Sustainable Development.

15. CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES [CES]

Course Code

Title of the Course

Credits

CES-01

Ecology, Environment and Tourism  

8

CES-02

Human Environment

8

CES-03

Solid Waste Management

8

Total Credits

24

CES-01 Ecology, Environment and Tourism   (8 Credit)  - Total Nine Blocks
(1) Our Environment (2) Linkages in Nature (3) Biomes of the World (4) Communities in Nature (5) Conservation through ages (6) Environmental parameters and Tourism (7) Indian philosophy and Environment (8) Environment and Development (9) Concepts of Development (10) Responsible Tourism-Benefits (11) Access, Infrastructure and Land use (12) Community and Regional Assets (13) Multiplier effects (14)Practice and Potential (15) Site and Locational planning (16) National Planning (17) Alternatives (18)Tourism policy and its impact (19) Infrastructure (20) Environmental Degradation and Tourism (21) Acts and law (22) Politics of Environment (23)Identifying pressure and Understanding Thresholds (24) Local population (25) Visitor Behavior (26)Vegetation and Wildlife (27) Mountains (28)Wetlands (29) Islands and Beaches (30) Sports-Adventure, Golf, and Water (31) Hotels and Resorts

CES-02 Human Environment (8 Credit)- Total six blocks      
(1) Introduction to human environment (2) Climate and Resources (3) Description of Ecosystem (4) Non-living and Living components of Environment (5) Social Environment and population of man (6) Impact of Man on Environment (7) Effects of overexploitation of Biological Resources (8) Effects of Agriculture on human environment (9) Effects of Urbanization (10)Atmospheric Pollution (11)Water Pollution (12)Land Degradation (13) Hazardous Waste Chemicals (14)Environment and Human health-Part I (15) Environment and human health-part II (16) Social Implication of Developmental Projects (17)Economic Implication of Changed Environment (18)Challenges of Environment Management (19) Development and Environment (20)Environment Conservation I (21)Environmental Management II (22)Environment Quality Management (23)Environmental Legislation (24) Social Awareness about environment (25) Commonalties and Dissimilarities in Environmental Management.

CES-03 Solid Waste Management (8 Credit) –Total One Block
1) Introduction 2) Waste Management 3) Hazardous waste Management 4) Waste Minimization Techniques 5) Rules and Regulations

    16. Certificate Programme in Laboratory Technique [CPLT]

Course Code    

Course Name

Credits 

CP LT-01

 Good Laboratory Practices

6

 CPLT-02

 Laboratory Techniques in Biology

4

 CPLT-03

 Laboratory Techniques in Chemistry

4

 CPLT-04

 Laboratory Techniques in Physics

4

CPLT – 01
Good Laboratory Practices

There are no specific requirements for this laboratory course. It can be clubbed with any of the other laboratory courses of the programme

List of Experiments

Exercise 1: Study of Design and Features of a Laboratory
Exercise 2: Study of Design and Infrastructure of a Preparation Room of a Laboratory
Exercise 3: Study of Design and Organisation of Laboratory Store
Exercise 4: Study of Regular Duties of Laboratory Staff
Exercise 5: Study of Procedure regarding Purchase of Laboratory related Items
Exercise 6: Study of Procedure for Purchase of Alcohol and its Stock Maintenance
Exercise 7: Study of Procedure for Stock Verification and Maintenance of Apparatus
Exercise 8: Study of Basic Aspects of Electrical Maintenance
Exercise 9: Study of Supply of Gas, Electricity and Water in a Laboratory
Exercise 10: Identification of Compressed Gases and Study of their Handling and
Storage
Exercise 11: Study of Fire Safety Measures in a Laboratory
Exercise 12: Classifying and Handling of Hazardous Chemicals
Exercise 13: Study of Sterilization and Safe Disposal Methods of Biological Materials
Exercise 14: Disposal of Unserviceable and Obsolete Items
Exercise 15: Disposal of Chemical Wastes
Exercise 16: Attending to Emergency Situations
Exercise 17: Group Interaction – Laws, Regulations and Related Issues

CPLT- 02
Laboratory Techniques in Biology

Lab Requirements for CPLT– 02

1. Autoclave
2. Pressure cooker
3. Microtome knives
4. Dissecting kit
5. Hot air oven
6. Incubator, Water bath, Centrifuge
7. Scissors
8. Coplin jars or wide nouth bottles
9. 100 ml beakers
10. Scalpel
11. Nylon nets
12. Large clean jars or buckets
13. Shallow white pans or papers
14. Trowel
15. A bucket
16. Flashlight torch (for night collection)
17. Blunt-end forceps
18. Insect-collecting net
19. Killing jar
20. Light sources such as an electric
bulb (~200 W) or a lantern lamp.
21. A transparent vial made of glass or
plastic
22. Rubeer stopper with two holes
23. Two glass tubes each with a bend
24. Rubber tube
25. Small piece of muslin cloth
26. An empty glass bottle with an airtight
lid
27. Potometer
28. Stop watch
29. 500 ml conical flask
30. 25 ml test tube
31. T – tube
32. Pinch clip
33. 1 mm diameter graduated pipette
34. Wire gauze
35. Thermometer
36. 250 – 500 ml beaker
37. 15- 25 ml test tube
38. Cork borer
39. Kymograph Recording System
Consisting of:

Kymograph apparatus
1.5 volt dry cell (stimulator) with
Electrodes attached to it
Muscle lever
Double hook
Femur Clamp and Stand
5 gm weight
Recording stylus
40. Injection syringe and needle
41. Board made of soft wood
42. Pins
43. String
44. Compound Microscope and
Dissection Microscope
45. Illuminator or lamp
46. Slide micrometer graduate in 0.1
mm or 0.01 mm units
47. Microscope fitted with Abbe
condenser and usual objectives
48. Oil immersion objective lens
49. Analytical balance
50. 100 ml Graduated cylinder Round
flask
51. Graduated measuring cylinders of
50 ml, 100 ml
52. Round flask of 150 ml capacity
53. Burner
54. Cover slips, slides, slide labels
55. Disposable spatula or tooth pick
56. Pipette, glass dropper
57. Methyl green Acetocarmine
58. Petridishes, Beakers, Slides,
Coverslips, Slide labels
59. Dissection trays
60. Petridishes
61. Dissection kit
62. 500 ml Beaker
63. 500 ml Erlenmyer flask
64. Petriplates
65. Test tubes
66. Metal loop
67. pH meter/pH paper
68. Electronic Balance

CPLT – 02: List of Experiments

Experiment 1: Handling Common Laboratory Equipment
Experiment 2: Laboratory Organisation
Experiment 3: Procuring Plant Material
Experiment 4: Procuring Zoological Material for Lab Exercises
Experiment 5: Setting of Demonstrations of Physiological Processes in Plants
Experiment 6: Setting Up Apparatus for Demonstrating Physiological Activity in Animals
Experiment 7: Microscope Handling and Maintenance
Experiment 8: Preparation of Reagents and Stains
Experiment 9: Preparation of Temporary Slide
Experiment 10: Preparation Required for Dissections
Experiment 11: Techniques for Microbial Culture and Gram’s Staining

CPLT- 03
Laboratory Techniques in Chemistry

Lab Requirements for CPLT - 03

1. Stove Pin or a piece of wire
2. Emery Cloth or sand paper
3. Cork
4. Set of cork borers
5. Glass tube
6. Kipp’s apparatus
7. Funnel
8. Analytical balance
9. Beaker
10. Burette
11. Thermometer
12. Water still
13. Deioniser
14. Boiling tube
15. Test-tubes
16. Bench centrifuge with tubes
17. Measuring cylinder
18. Glass rods
19. Analytical balance
20. Beaker 400cm3 , 100cm3
21. Burette 50 cm3
22. Burette stand
23. Conical flask 250 cm3,
100cm3
24. Funnel small
25. Pipette 20 cm3
26. Volumetric flask 250 cm3
27. Wash bottle
28. Weighing bottle
29. pH meter
30. Glass electrode
31. Conductivity meter
32. Conductivity cell
33. Bunsen burner
34. Evaporating dish
35. Funnel glass
36. Funnel stand
37. Glass rod
38. Porcelain plate
39. Tripod stand
40. watch glass
41. Wire gauze
42. Measuring cylinder (10cm3)
43. Cooling bath
44. Filtration assembly
45. Melting point apparatus
46. Boiling tube
47. Cork
48. Dropper
49. Metal Paper clips
50. Spotting capillaries
51. Glass rod or tubing of various
diameters and length
52. V-stand
53. A glass cutting knife or file
54. Carbon block

26. Volumetric flask 250 cm3
27. Wash bottle
28. Weighing bottle
29. pH meter
30. Glass electrode
31. Conductivity meter
32. Conductivity cell
33. Bunsen burner
34. Evaporating dish
35. Funnel glass
36. Funnel stand
37. Glass rod
38. Porcelain plate
39. Tripod stand
40. watch glass
41. Wire gauze
42. Measuring cylinder (10cm3)
43. Cooling bath
44. Filtration assembly
45. Melting point apparatus
46. Boiling tube
47. Cork
48. Dropper
49. Metal Paper clips
50. Spotting capillaries
51. Glass rod or tubing of various
diameters and length
52. V-stand
53. A glass cutting knife or file
54. Carbon block
55. Lighter
56. 10 or 12 mm o.d. glass
tubing
57. Gas and compressed air supplies

List of Experiments

Experiment 1: Servicing Bunsen burners
Experiment: Cork boring
Experiment 3: Preparation of H2S gas by using Kipp’s apparatus
Experiment 4: Calibration of Volumetric Glassware
Experiment 5: Preparation of Distilled and Deionised Water
Experiment 6: Centrifugation of a Colloidal Suspension
Experiment 7: A Simple Titration
Experiment 8: Preparation of Bench Reagents
Experiment 9: Use of pH meter and Conductometer
Experiment 10: Preparation of Potash Alum
Experiment 11: Preparation of p-Nitroacetanilide
Experiment 12: Experiments based on Chromatography
Experiment 13: Glassworking Operations using Bunsen/Batwing Burner
Experiment 14: Glassworking Operations using a Premixing Burner

 

CPLT- 04
Laboratory Techniques in Physics

Lab Requirements for CPLT - 04

1. Vernier callipers
2. Screw gauge
3. Bob of pendulum or wooden block
4. Metallic wire/needle
5. Sonometer
6. ½ kg hanger
7. ½ kg slotted weights
8. Tuning fork of unknown frequency
9. Rubber pad
10. Physical balance
11. Weight box
12. Calorimeter wit heating coil
13. A sensitive thermometer
14. Stirring rod
15. DC power supply
16. Stop watch
17. Ammeter (0-5A)
18. Voltmeter (0-5V)
19. Rheostat
20. Capacitor
21. Coefficient of linear expansion
apparatus
22. Metre scale
23. Steam boiler
24. Tripod stand
25. Rubber tubing for steam delivery
26. Burner
27. Beaker
28. A metallic rod
29. Telescope
30. Optical lever
31. Lamp and scale arrangement
32. Optical bench
33. Concave mirror (f = 15-20 cm)

34. Convex lens (f = 15-20 cm)
35. Pins
36. Index needle
37. Spectrometer
38. Prism
39. Light source such as sodium or
mercury lamp
40. Spirit level
41. Reading lens
42. Reading lamp
43. Multimeter
44. Resistors
45. Electrolytic capacitors
46. pn junction diode
47. pnp and npn transistors
48. Signal generator
49. Wooden or plastic box
(30 cm ??15 cm ??4 cm)
50. Good quality 5m three-core electric
wire of 20 gauge
51. 2 two-in-one (5 A and 15 A) sockets
52. 1 three-pin plug (15 A)
53. 2 switches (15 A)
54. Ammeters and voltmeters of different
ranges
55. Resistance boxes
56. One way key
57. Oscilloscope
58. Tracing paper


List of Experiments

Experiment 1: Measurements in Physics
Experiment 2: Stationary Waves in Stretched Strings
Experiment 3: Measurement of Thermal Properties
Experiment 4: Investigations with Mirrors and Lenses
Experiment 5: Working with a Spectrometer
Experiment 6: Handling and Maintaining a Multimeter
Experiment 7: Fabrication of an Extension Board
Experiment 8: Simple Current and Voltage Measurements
Experiment 9: Using an Oscilloscope

Compulsory Foundation Course

17. Gandhian Thoughts and Peace Studies [PGFGS]
1. गांधी का संक्षिप्त परिचय
2. हिदं स्वराज
3. सत्याग्रह की परिकल्पना एवं सिद्वातं
4. आधुनिकता एवं गांधी
5. सर्वेदयः एक मानवतावादी विकल्प
6. गांधी और उत्तर आधुनिकता
7. न्यासिताः अर्थषास्त्र का नैतिक व आध्यात्मिक सिद्धान्त
8. स्वदेशी
9. अहिंसा
10. गांधी का राष्ट्रवाद
11. रचनात्मक कार्यक्रम
12. स्वराज की अवधारणा
13. गांधी तथा साम्प्रदायिक एकता
14. महिलाओं पर गांधी के विचारविचार
15. अस्पृष्यता और गांधी
16. गांधी और पर्यावरणरण
17. महात्मा गांधी की प्रासंगिकता
एपेन्डिक्स - 1 गांधी के जीवन की महत्वपूर्ण घटनाएं

18. Human Rights and Duties [PGFHR]

मानव अधिकार एवं कर्त्तव्य
(1) मानव अधिकार एवं कर्त्तव्य : मौलिक तत्व
  1. मानव अधिकार का अर्थ एवं प्रकृति
  2. मौलिक तत्व (सहअस्तित्व, समूह, राज्य, स्वतंत्रता, समानता, न्याय, भ्रातत्व)
  3. अधिकार और कर्त्तव्य के बीच संतुलन की आवश्यकता, स्वतंत्रता और उत्तरदायित्व

(2) दार्शनिक और ऐतिहासिक परिप्रेक्ष्य

  1. मानव अधिकार का इतिहास
  2. मानव अधिकार आंदोलन
  3. मानव अधिकार के सिद्धान्त

(3) अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर प्रयास

  1. 1948 का सार्वभौमिक घोषणा पत्र
  2. अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय प्रसंविदाएं; नागरिक और राजनीतिक अधिकार 1966
  3. अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय मानवाधिकार संस्थाऐ

(4) भारत में मानव अधिकार और कर्त्तव्य

  1. विकास : स्वतंत्रता आन्दोलन, संविधान निर्माण
  2. भारतीय संविधान

    (a) प्रस्तावना 
    (b) नीति निर्देशक सिद्धान्त


  3. (a) मौलिक कर्त्तव्य व अधिकार
    (b) आरक्षण सम्बन्धी प्

(4) मानवाधिकारों का संरक्षण

  1. राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर (सर्वोच्च न्यायालय राष्ट्रीय मानवाधिकार आयोग, राष्ट्रीय महिला आयोग)
  2. अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर (संयुक्त राष्ट्र एवं एन.जी.ओ. की भूमिका)
प्रान्तीय स्तर पर (राज्य महिला आयोग एवं लोकायुक्त की भूमिका)

19. Foundation Course in Open and Distance Learning [UGFODL]

मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा

खण्ड - 01 : मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा की अवधारणा एवं ऐतिहासिक परिप्रेक्ष्य

  • इकाई : 01 - मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा का स्वरूप एवं आवश्यकता
  • इकाई : 02 - मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा का विकास
  • इकाई : 03 - दूरस्थ शिक्षक
  • इकाई : 04 - दूरस्थ विधार्थी
खण्ड - 02 : मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा में छात्र सहायता सेवायें
  • इकाई : 05 - स्व-अधिगम सामग्री
  • इकाई : 06 - परामर्श सेवायें
  • इकाई : 07 - अधिन्यास
  • इकाई : 08 - सूचना एवं सम्प्रेषण प्रौद्योगिकी
खण्ड - 03 : मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा की संगठनात्मक संरचना
  • इकाई : 09 - राष्ट्रीय मुक्त विश्वविद्यालय
  • इकाई : 10 - राज्य मुक्त विश्वविद्यालय
  • इकाई : 11 - राष्ट्रीय मुक्त विद्यालयी संस्थान
  • इकाई : 12 - दूरस्थ शिक्षा परिषद्

खण्ड - 04 : मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा में चुनौतियाँ
  • इकाई : 13 - मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा की समस्यायें
  • इकाई : 14 - मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा में प्रशिक्षण
  • इकाई : 15 - मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा में मूल्यांकन
  • इकाई : 16 - मुक्त एवं दूरस्थ शिक्षा में अनुसंधान

20. Foundation Course in Environment Awareness [CHEQ]

पर्यावरण अध्ययन
खण्ड - 01 : पर्यावरण और पारिस्थितिकी
  1. इकाई - 01 : पर्यावरण - अवधारणा, संघटन एवं प्रकार
  2. इकाई - 02 : पारिस्थितिकी - अवधारणा, प्रकार एवं सिद्धान्त
  3. इकाई - 03 : पारिस्थितिकी तंत्र - अवधारणा, संघटन, कार्यशीलता एवं स्थिरता
  4. इकाई - 04 : विश्व के प्रमुख पारिस्थितिक तंत्र
खण्ड - 02 : प्राकृतिक संसाधन : उपयोग एवं संरक्षण
  1. इकाई - 01 : प्राकृतिक संसाधन - अवधारणा, वर्गीकरण एवं संरक्षण के सिद्धान्त
  2. इकाई - 02 : जैव संसाधन - वन संसाधन, जैव विविधता, राष्ट्रीय उद्यान
  3. इकाई - 03 : जल संसाधन - जलचक्र, उपलब्धता, उपयोग एवं संरक्षण
  4. इकाई - 04 : मृदा संसाधन - विकास प्रक्रिया, उपयोग एवं संरक्षण
  5. इकाई - 05 : ऊर्जा संसाधन - उत्पादन, उपयोग एवं संरक्षण
  6. इकाई - 06 : खनिज संसाधन - संमाव्यनिधि, उत्पादन, उपयोग एवं संरक्षण
खण्ड - 03 : प्राकृतिक आपदा, पर्यावरण प्रदूषण एवं प्रबन्धन
  1. इकाई - 01 : प्राकृतिक आपदा - अवधारणा एवं प्रकार
  2. इकाई - 02 : प्रमुख प्राकृतिक आपदायें
  3. इकाई - 03 : जल प्रदूषण एवं प्रबन्धन
  4. इकाई - 04 : वायु प्रदूषण एवं प्रबन्धन
  5. इकाई - 05 : ठोस अपशिष्ट - प्रदूषण एवं प्रबन्धन
खण्ड - 04 : जनसंख्या एवं पर्यावरण
  1. इकाई - 01 : विश्व जनसंख्या वृद्धि एवं वितरण
  2. इकाई - 02 : भारत में जनसंख्या वृद्धि एवं सामाजिक-आर्थिक संरचना
  3. इकाई - 03 : जनसंख्या वृद्धि एवं घनत्व के पर्यावरणीय प्रभाव
  4. इकाई - 04 : नगरीय जनसंख्या, पर्यावरण एवं स्वास्थ्य
  5. इकाई - 05 : जन जीवन पर पर्यावरणीय दुर्घटनाओं के प्रभाव
खण्ड - 05 : पर्यावरण के सामाजिक-आर्थिक संदर्भ
  1. इकाई - 01 : वहनीय विकास - संकल्पना, उदभव एवं प्रसार
  2. इकाई - 02 : सामाजिक व्यवस्था एवं पर्यावरण
  3. इकाई - 03 : पर्यावरणीय नैतिकता एवं प्राकृतिक संसाधनों की सुलभता
  4. इकाई - 04 : वैश्विक पर्यावरणीय समस्यायें एवं दुर्घटनायें
  5. इकाई - 05 : भारत में पर्यावरण संरक्षरण एवं सम्बन्धित अधिनियम

21.  Foundation Course in Information Technology [UGFIT]

सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी में आधार पाठ्क्रम

खण्ड - 01 : कम्प्यूटर का इतिहास

  1. इकाई : 01 - कम्प्यूटर एक परिचय
  2. इकाई : 02 - कम्प्यूटर के प्रकार
  3. इकाई : 03 - कम्प्यूटर सॉफ्टवेयर
  4. इकाई : 04 - आपरेटिंग सिस्टम

खण्ड - 02 : कम्प्यूटर एप्लीकेशन

  1. इकाई : 01 - वर्ड प्रोसेसिंग (Word Processing)
  2. इकाई : 02 - स्प्रेडशीट्स (Spreadsheet)
  3. इकाई : 03 - डाटाबेस मैनेजमेन्ट साफ्टवेयर (Database Management Software)

खण्ड - 03 : इन्टरनेट और वेब टेक्नोलॉजी

  1. इकाई : 01 - संगणक जाल तंत्र
  2. इकाई : 02 - इन्टरनेट के सिद्धान्त
  3. इकाई : 03 - इन्टरनेट का सामान्य उपयोगिता/अनुप्रयोगिता
  4. इकाई : 04 - इन्टरनेट के प्रयोग में सुरक्षा संबोध एवं अधिनता

खण्ड - 04 : ई-मेल, ई कामर्स और ई बैकिंग

  1. इकाई : 01 - ई-मेल, चैटिंग ब्लाग आदि, (E-mail, Chatting, Bblog etc.)
  2. इकाई : 02 - ई कामर्स वाणिज्य (E- Commerce)
  3. इकाई : 03 - ई बैंकिंग (E-Banking)

 Elective Foundation Course

 Foundation Course in Humanities and Social Science [UGFHS]

मानविकी एवं सामाजिक विज्ञानों में आधार पाठ्यक्रम

खण्ड - 01 : मानव एवं सामजिक विकास : एक दृष्टि

  1. इकाई : 01 - मानव के अध्ययन का वैज्ञानिक दृष्टिकोण
  2. इकाई : 02 - मानव : औजारों का निर्माण और प्रयोग करने वाला प्राणी
  3. इकाई : 03 - मनुष्य एक चितंनशील प्राणी के रूप में
  4. इकाई : 04 - सामाजिक परिवर्तन और विकास

खण्ड - 02 : सामाजिक विकास की अवस्थाएँ

  1. इकाई : 05 - पशुपालन तथा कृषि का प्रारंभ
  2. इकाई : 06 - नदी घाटी सभ्यता
  3. इकाई : 07 - सामंतवादी समाज
  4. इकाई : 08 - पुनर्जागरण ओर सुधार आंदोलन
  5. इकाई : 09 - औद्योगिक क्रांति

खण्ड : 03 - स्वतंत्र भारत का उदय

  1. इकाई : 10 - भारतीय अर्थ-व्यवस्था की विशेषताएँ : पूर्व औपनिवेशिक तथा औपनिवेशिक काल
  2. इकाई : 11 - भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन - I
  3. इकाई : 12 - भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन - II
  4. इकाई : 13 - भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन के निहित मूल्य

खण्ड - 04 : राष्ट्रीय अखंडता

  1. इकाई : 14 - राष्ट्रीय एकता की समस्याएँ : औपनिवेशिक विरासत
  2. इकाई : 15 - राष्ट्रीय एकता की समस्याएँ : जाति एवं जनजाति
  3. इकाई : 16 - क्षेत्रीय असंतुलन
  4. इकाई : 17 - बहु-धर्म समाज : धर्म-निरपेक्षता का सिद्धान्त

23.  Foundation Course in English [UGFEG]

 Foundation Course in English-I

Block-1 English-I
Unit-1    Reading Comprehension – Passage for reading from George Orwell : Animal form, Glossary Vocabulary, Grammar and usage – concord of number and person be, do, have, writing.
Unit-2    Passage for reading. Human Environment by India Gandhi, Vocabulary.
Unit-3    Passage for reading : The Nightingle  and  the rose, by oscawild, vocabulary, Grammar : The past indefinite, Past continuous, Present perfect tense, present perfect continuous tense.
Unit-4    Passage for reading : Deth in the Kichen by milward Kennedy, Grammar : Past Indefinite tense, Past perfect tense.
Unit-5    Listening comprehension, conversation, pronunciation-letters and sounds, word stress.
Unit-6    Listening Comprehension : Talk : the Scientific method, conversation, pronunciation, English novels.

Block-2 English-I
Unit-7    Reading Comprehension – Story Norah Burke : the Baby sister, Grammar and usage – use of the past perfect tense.
Unit-8    Reading Comprehension : Story O, theory : Witches leaves, Grammar and usage – simple present tense, present continuous tense, Rewriting a story in an abridged form.
Unit-9    Reading comprehension : Autobiography – passage from India Gandhi : A page from the book of memory, Grammar and usage: Articles, writing : Essay – should the death penalty by abolished ?
Unit-10 Reading comprehension : The time kinds of workers, vocabulary. The suffixes –er-or-ary-cer, ier, grammer and usage, types of sentences, writing. Essay based on diagram : Classification of vertebrates.
Unit-11  Listening Comprehension : A lecture on the burden of women in the villages. Conversation. A dialogue between two passengers on a railway train. Pronunciation : English Consonants.
Unit-12  Listening Comprehension : A talk on dreams. Conversation: Dialogues taking about the dreams one had recently, Pronunciation : stress and rhythm, vowed contrasts, reading words from phonetic. transcription.

Block-3 English-I
Unit-13  Reading Comprehension – Detective story Agatha Christie, The Jewel Robbery at the grand metropolitan, grammar and usage- Question patterns, writing – Rewriting a story from the point of view of one of the characters.
Unit-14  Reading Comprehension – Autobiography Ved Mehta : A world of four senses, Grammar and usage : Prepositional phrases, participial phrases : Phrasal verbs, relative clauses, writing  :   A short composition based on the passage read.
Unit-15  Reading Comprehension –  Doris Lessing : A mild attack of locusts, Grammar and usage – Adverbial clauses, writing. Descriptive composition based on the passage read.
Unit-16  Reading Comprehension : Myster story Wibla Cather : The affair at grover station, Exercise on vocabulary, Grammar and usage : Direct and Indirect speech, writing : Narrative composition.
Unit-17  Listening Comprehension : Talk Life of Albert Einstein, Conversation. A dialogue between a teacher and a student who has just passed the higher secondary examination.
Unit-18  Listening Comprehension : Talk Authony R. Michaelis Science and politics, conversation Asking for permission, Pronunciation, consonants, contracted forms.

UGFEG-02
Foundation Course in English-II

Block-1 English-II
Unit-1    Writing paragraphs 1 – The topic sentence, developing the topic, coherence, punctuation : the full stop.
Unit-2    Writing paragraphs  2 – The development of a paragraph – description, cause and effect, definition, comparison and contrast.
Unit-3    Writing a composition – A model composition for study, types of composition, what you must do before writing your compassion, Factors to keep in mind when writing your composition.
Unit-4    Expository composition – Development of an expository composition, A model composition.
Unit-5    Note-Taking-1- How to read, specimen notes, Reduction devices, Passage four note taking, Headings and subordinate points.
Unit-6    Writing reports 1- Reporting events- Different Stages in writing impart, types of report, reporting an event.

Block-2 English-II
Unit-7    Argumentative composition-1- Persuasive and argumentative composition, composition and argument.
Unit-8    Argumentative composition-2- Inductive and deductive methods, Fallacies, Non rational ways of writing, A model passage.
Unit-9    Note taking -2 use of tables and Diagrams – Organisation of notes : Tables, organization of note : Diagrams.
Unit-10  Writing reports-2 Reporting meetings and speeches – reporting a meeting, Reporting a speech, Punctuation: Quotation marks.
Unit-11  Writing summaries -1 – The technique of summarizing.
Unit-12  Writing Summaries – 2

Block-3 English-II
Unit-13  Writing paragraphs-3 – Chronological sequence, spatial Relationships, class relationships.
Unit-14  Narrative Composition-1- Writing a narrative composition, Factual report.
Unit-15  Narrative composition-2- Samples of writing, style.
Unit-16  Writing reports-3 – Reporting interviews – Different stages in conducting interviews, Reporting an interview, punctuation : The apostrophe, Usage, Word study.
Unit-17  Writing reports-4 Reporting Surveys – Various stages in conducting a survey, collection of data, Reporting a survey.
Unit-18  Writing summaries-3- Techniques of summarizing.

Block-4 English-II
Unit-19  Descriptive Composition-1 – Describing persons size. Build and Age, Educational Qualifications and work experience, Facial features and expression, Gestures and Gait, Habits, Dress, Likes, Dislikes and general nature, activity.
Unit-20  Descriptive Composition-2- Describing plans and objects- Location and size, sounds and smells. The objects Associated with a place, Describing particular objects, Activity.
Unit-21  Descriptive composition-3 – Describing conditions and processes.
Unit-22  Note taking-3- A good listener, Some basic equipment for note taking parts of a lecture, taking notes from a lecture, Reconstructing notes.
Unit-23  Writing reports-5- Reporting experiments- various steps in conducting an experiment, Reporting and experiment, examples of reports, punctuation : commas.
Unit-24  Summing Up-writing paragraph, composition, note taking writing reports, writing summaries.

24. Foundation Course in Hindi [UGFHD]

हिन्दी में आधार पाठ्यक्रम

भाषा तत्व और बोधन

 

हिन्दी की लिपि और वर्तनी क परिचय -
भाषा और लिपि, देवनागरी लिपि, वर्तनी के कुछ नियम।

हिन्दी की ध्वनियाँ -
ध्वनियाँ और शब्द, ध्वनियाँ और उच्चारण की विशेषताएँ, लहजा या अनुतान, ध्वनि और लेखन के विविध सम्बन्ध, उच्चारण, भिन्नता के कारण वर्तनी की समस्याएँ, उच्चारण में अन्तर, लिपि में अन्तर, ध्वनि और लिपि में असामंजस्य।

विज्ञान के विषय का बोधन -
मानव की उत्पत्ति और विकास, भाषा की सरल अभिव्यक्ति, उर्दु के शब्द, व्याकरणिक विवेचन (संभावनार्षक वाक्य, संदेहार्षक वाक्य)।

संस्कृति विषय का बोधन और शब्दकोश का उपयोग -
भात के त्योहार, शब्दकोश का उपयोग।

समाज विज्ञान विषयों का बोधन और निबन्ध रचना का परिचय -
परिवार, निबन्धन रचना, व्याकरणिक विवेचन (प्रत्यय ‘त्व’ ‘ता’, ‘य’, ‘करण’)।

भाषण शैली -
भाषण का उदाहरण, उसकी शैलीगत विशेषताएँ, संबोधन कारक।

 

वचन और विविध विषय

सामाजिक विज्ञानों की भाषा (इतिहास के सन्दर्भ में) तथा वर्तनी के कुछ नियम -
पृष्ठभूमि, (ईस्ट इंडिया कम्पनी, अंतिम मुगल बादशाह, राजनीति पर अंग्रेजी का अधिकार एवं शोषण नीति, 1857 की क्रान्ति, सांस्कृतिक जागरण), कांग्रेस की स्िापना, गाँधी जी का आगमन, भारत छोड़ो आन्दोलन, वर्तनी सम्बन्धी कुछ नियम (प्रत्ययों से शब्द-रचना वर्तनी के दो रूप (जैसे-नये, नए), पाठ में प्रयुक्त शब्द शब्दों की वर्तनी की विशेषताएँ), शब्दावली।

समाजिक विज्ञानों की भाषा (राजनीति विज्ञान) तथा शब्द रचना -
रचना लोकतन्त्र (राजनीतिक, आर्थिक समानता, धर्म निरपेक्षता), परिभाषिक शब्दावली का प्रयोग, व्याकरणिक विवेचन (‘वि’ उपसर्ग, विलोम शब्द, उपसर्ग लगाकर विलोम शब्द बनाना, संधि, समास)।

मनविकी की भाषा (ललित कला) तथा विशेषण -
भारत की ललित कलाएँ, व्याकरणिक विवेचन (विशेषण को संज्ञा में बदलना, प्रविशेषण), वाक्य रचना।

विज्ञान की भाषा तथा परिभाषिक शब्द -
पैट्रोलियम, (पृथ्वी का जन्म, प्रथम जीवों का सृष्टि, चट्टानोंम के भेद, पैट्रोलिय के मूल स्त्रोत, निस्यंदन तेल, तेलकुण्डों की खोज, तेलकूपों का खनन, तेल का शोधन, भारतीय स्थिति), परिभाषितक शब्द।

विज्ञान की भाषा का स्वरूप -
मानव प्रगति और पर्यावरण, पारिभाषिक शब्द, भाषिक विवेचन।

विधि एवं प्रशासन की भाषा तिा पारिभाषिक शब्द और अर्थ -
राजभाषा हिन्दी, हिन्दी का संविधानिक स्थिति, संविधान की व्यवस्था के आधार पर की गई कार्यवाई, राजभाषा अधिनियम (यथा संशोधित) 1967, राजभाषा नियम 1976, भाषा विवेचन (राष्ट्रभाषा, सम्पर्क भाषा, राजभाषा हिन्दी का स्वरूप), शब्दावली, भाषिक विवेचन।

 

साहित्य का आस्वादन

कहानी : पूस की राज -
कहानी का सार, सन्दर्भ सहित व्याख्या, कथावस्तु, चरित्र-चित्रण, परिवेश, संरचना शिल्प, प्रतिपाद्य।

उपन्यास : मानस का हंस (अमृत लाल नगर) -
कथासार, कथावस्तु, चरित्र-चित्रण, परिवेश, संरचना शिल्प, प्रतिपाद्य।

नाटक : चन्द्रगुप्त (जयशंकर प्रसाद) -
कथासार, कथावस्तु, चरित्र-चित्रण, परिवेश, संरचना शिल्प, प्रतिपाद्य।

निबन्ध : क्रोध (रामचन्द्र शुक्ल) -
निबन्ध का सार, अंतर्वस्तु (विचारपक्ष, भावपक्ष), लेखकीय व्यक्तित्व की अभिव्यक्ति संरचना शिल्प (शैली, भाषा), प्रतिपाद्य।

आत्मकथा : गाँधी की आत्मकथा -
अंतर्वसतु, चरित्र, विश्लेषण, परिवेश, संरचना शिल्प, प्रतिपाद्य।

कविताएँ : सूरदास -
काव्यवाचन (बालवर्णन, विनय और वियोग - भ्रमरगीत), भावपक्ष, संरचना शिल्प, प्रतिपाद्य, संदर्भ सहित व्याख्या (शोभित कर नवनीत, चरन कमल बन्दौ हरि राई, निरगुन कौन देस को बासी)।

तुलसीदास -
काव्यवाचन (रामचरित्र मानस, विनय पत्रिका, गीतावली), भावपक्ष, संरचना शिल्प, प्रतिपाद्य, संदर्भ सहित व्याख्या (मनि मानिक मुकला छवि जैसी, कबहुँक हौ यहि रहनि रहौगो, मेरी सब पुरूषारथ थाको)।

मैथिलीशरण गुप्त -
काव्यवाचन (महाकाव्य साकेत), भावपद्वा, संरचना, शिल्प, प्रतिपाद्य, सन्दर्भ सहित व्याख्या (सखि, पतंग भी जलता है हा! दीपक भी जलता है। सखि, नील नभस्सर में उतरा)।

सूर्यकान्त त्रिपाठी ‘निराला’ -
काव्य वाचन, भावपद्वा, संरचना शिल्प, प्रतिपाद्य, संदर्भ सहित व्याख्या (तोड़ती पत्थर)।

महादेवी वर्मा -
काव्य वाचन, (गीत), भावपक्ष, संरचना शिल्प, प्रतिपाद्य, संदर्भ सहित व्याख्या (मैं नील भरी दुख की बदली)।

 

व्यावहारिक हिन्दी और लेखन

शब्द और मुहावरे -
शब्दों का महत्व, भाषा के सामाजिक स्तर भेद, शबदों के विभिन्न स्त्रोत (तत्सम, तद्भव, देशज, विदेशी शब्द), शब्दों का अर्थ पक्ष (समरूपी शब्द, पर्याय विलोम, अनेकार्थी, सहप्रयोग), शब्द निर्माण शबद रचना (मूल शब्द, व्युत्पन्न शब्द, उपसर्ग, प्रत्यय, भाववाचक प्रत्यय, लघुतासूचक प्रत्यय, लिंग सूचक प्रत्यय, समाज, पुनरूक्त शब्द, प्रतिबिंबित शब्द, अनुकरणात्मक शब्द) मुहावरे और लोकोक्तियाँ (अर्थ और वाक्य-प्रयोग)।

संवाद शैली -
वाक्य तार्तालाप की विशेताएँ वाक्य (वाक्य में पदक्रम, अनुतान, सम्प्रेषण का उदे॰श्य वाकय से ऊपर का स्तर(प्रोक्ति), विराम चिनहों का प्रयोग) वार्तालाप - एक उदाहरण, उदाहरण पर चर्चा (अनुतान, बलाघात कोड मिक्सिंग, प्रान्तीय विशेषताएँ, हिन्दी शैली, उर्दू शैली, मिलीजुली शैली)।

सरकारी पत्राचार तथा टिप्पण और प्रारूपण -
पत्र-लेखन के प्रकार (अनौपचारिक, (व्यक्तिगत) पत्र, औपचारिक पत्र) सरकारी पत्राचार की प्रक्रिया (टिप्पण, प्रारूपण) सरकारी पत्राचार के विभिन्न प्रकार व उनके नमूने (सरकारी पत्र, अर्ध सरकारी पत्र, कार्यालय ापन, कार्यालय आदेश, आदेश, पृष्ठांकन, अधिसूचना, संकल्प, प्रेस विज्ञप्ति, प्रेस नेट, अंतर्विभागीय टिप्पणी, तार, टेलेक्स संदेश, तुरन्त पत्र) शब्दावली।

समाचार लेखन और सम्पादकीय -
समाचार क्या है? समाचार लेखन और संपादन, समाचार की भाषा, सम्पादकीय लेखन।

अनुवाद -
‘अनुवाद’ शब्द का अर्थ और व्याख्या, अनुवाद की प्रक्रिया (अर्थग्रहण, संप्रेषण), अनुवाद करने का व्यावहारिक ज्ञान।

संक्षेपण, भाव-पल्लवन और निबन्ध - लेखन - महत्व, स्वरूप, प्रक्रिया।

25. Foundation course in disaster management [DM]

आपदा प्रबन्धन में आधार पाठ्क्रम

खण्ड 01 : - महŸव एवं कारकों की समझ
इकाई -1 आपदाः एक परिचय
इकाई -2 आपदा विश्व और भारतीय सन्दर्भ में
इकाई -3 आपदाः सरकारी तथा गैर सरकारी संगठनों की भूमिका
इकाई -4 अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय अभिकरणों की भूमिका
खण्ड 02 आपदा का वर्गीकरण
इकाई -05 भूकम्प, बाढ़ एवं जल निकासी
इकाई -06 चक्रवात, सूखा और अकाल
इकाई -07 भूस्खलन, हिमस्खलन, आग और जंगल की आग
इकाई -08 औद्योगिक और प्रौद्योगिकीय आपदा और महामारी
खण्ड 03 आपदा तैयारी के आधारभूत तथ्य
इकाई -09 नियोजन
इकाई -10 संचार
इकाई - 11 नेतृत्व एवं संयोजन
इकाई -12 भण्डारण एवं सम्भरण
खण्ड 04 आपदा प्रबन्धन एवं जागरुकता
इकाई -13 मानव व्यवहार एवं अनुक्रिया व्यक्तिगत सामुदायिक संस्थागत
इकाई -14 सामुदायिक भागीदारी एवं जागरूकता
इकाई -15 जन जागरूकता कार्यक्रम
इकाई -16 सूचना संगठन एवं प्रसार

Foundation Course  in Human Environment [AOCHE]

Block1 Environment
Unit1 Introduction to Human Environment
Unit2 Climate and Resources
Unit3 Description of Ecosystem
Unit4 Nonliving and Living Components of Environment
Unit5 Social Environment and Population of Man

Block2 Human Activities and Environment  I
Unit6 Impact of Man on Environment
Unit7 Effects of Overexploitation of Biological Resources
Unit8 Effects of Agriculture on Human Environment
Unit9 Effects of Urbanisation

Block3 Human Activities and Environment  II
Unit10 Atmospheric Pollution
Unit11 Water Pollution
Unit12 Land Degradation
Unit13 Hazardous Waste Chemicals

Block4 Effect of Changed Environment on Man
Unit14 Environment and Human Health -I
Unit15 The Environment and Human Health -II
Unit16 Social Implications of Developmental Projects
Unit17 Economic Implications of Changed Environment

Block5 Management of Environment-I
Unit18 Challenges of Environment Management
Unit19 Development and Environment
Unit20 Environmental Conservation-I
Unit21 Environmental Conservation-II

Block6 Management of Environment-II
Unit22 Effects of Urbanisation
Unit23 Effects of Agriculture on Human Environment
Unit24 Effects of Overexploitation of Biological Resources
Unit25 Impact of Man on Environment

27. Nutrition for the Community [AOCNC]

समुदायिक पोषण एवं स्वास्थ्य षिक्षा

खण्ड-01
समुदाय का पोषण और स्वास्थ्य स्तर

  1. UNIT-01 समुदाय के बारे में जानना और उसके साथ काम करना
  2. UNIT-02 समुदाय पोषण और स्वास्थ्य
  3. UNIT-03 समुदाय के स्वास्थ्य और पोषण को प्रभावित करने वाले कारक
  4. खण्ड-02
    पोषण व स्वास्थ्य षिक्षा से सबंधी विषयवस्तु

    1. UNIT-04 पोषण संबंधी विषय वस्तु
    2. UNIT-05 स्वास्थ्य षिक्षा संबंधी विषय वस्तु
    3. UNIT-06 पोषण एवं स्वास्थ्य षिक्षा सम्बन्धी संदेष

    खण्ड-03
    पोषण एवं स्वास्थ्य षिक्षा के लिए संचार की विधियाँ

    1. UNIT-07 समूह संचार की विधियाँ
    2. UNIT-08 जनसंचार माध्यम
    3. UNIT-09 चुने हुये संचार माध्यामों का प्रस्तुतिकरण
    4. UNIT-10 गैर मषीनी माध्यम : योजना व निर्माण
    5. UNIT-11 मषीनचलित उपकरण : योजना व निर्माण

    खण्ड-04
    पोषण एवं स्वास्थ्य षिक्षा के उपागम

    1. UNIT-12 पारम्परिक उपागम
    2. UNIT-13 पारम्परिक उपागमों का प्रस्तुतिकरण
    3. UNIT-14 आधुनिक उपागम
    4. UNIT-15 गैर मषीनी माध्यम : योजना व निर्माण
    5. UNIT-16 आधुनिक उपागमों का प्रस्तुतिकरण
    खण्ड-05
    पोषण एवं स्वास्थ्य षिक्षा की सामुदायिक कार्यनीतियाँ
    1. UNIT-17 व्यक्तिगत कार्यनीतियाँ
    2. UNIT-18 सामुदायिक कार्यनीतियाँ
    3. UNIT-19 चुनी हुई कार्यनीतियाँ के प्रचालन की प्रस्तुति
    4. UNIT-20 गैर मषीनी माध्यम : योजना व निर्माण
    5. UNIT-21 आधुनिक उपागमों का प्रस्तुतिकरण

    खण्ड-06
    पोषण कार्यक्रम

    1. UNIT-22 विगत तथा वर्तमान पोषण कार्यक्रम
    2. UNIT-23 पोषण षिक्षा कार्यक्रम : आयोजन, क्रियान्वयन तथा मुल्यांकन
    3. UNIT-24 पोषण तथा स्वास्थ्य कार्यक्रम का सफल आयोजन : चुने हुये प्रक्रिया मॉडल

    प्रायोगिक नियमावली : भाग - II

     

28. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT [SWM]

Block 1:Sources and Types of Municipal Solid Waste

Unit 1: Introduction to Municipal Solid Waste Management
Introduction, Sources (or genesis) of solid waste, types of solid waste, Effects of improper disposal of solid wastes, public health effects.

Unit 2: Composition of solid waste
Composition of solid waste and its determination, Types of materials recovered from MSW

Unit 3: Principles of solid waste management
Principles of solid waste management – social & economic aspects; Public awareness; Role of NGOs; Legislation. Physical properties of Municipal Solid Waste, Chemical properties of Municipal Solid Waste, Biological properties of Municipal Solid Waste, Transformation of Municipal Solid Waste.

Block 2:Measurement of Solid Waste and public health

Unit 4:Quantities and methods to measure solid waste quantities
Quantities of Solid Waste, Measurements and methods to measure solid waste quantities

Unit 5:Solid waste and public health
Public health & economic aspects of storage, options under Indian conditions,  Critical Evaluation of Options

Unit 6:Factors affecting solid waste
Factors affecting solid waste generation rate, Quantities of materials recovered from MSW, solid waste as pollutant, effect of solid waste to environment. 

Block 3:Collection, Handling, Segregation, Storage and processing of Solid Waste
Unit 7:Collection of solid waste
Methods of Collection, types of vehicles, materials used for containers, Manpower requirement, collection routes, transfer stations, selection of location, operation & maintenance, options under Indian conditions.

Unit 8:
Waste handling and segregation
Handling and segregation of solid waste at site, material separation by pick in, screens, float and separator magnets and electromechanical separator and other latest devices for material separation,Waste handling and separation at Commercial and industrial facilities, Storage of solid waste at the sources.

Unit 9:Processing of Solid Waste
Processing of solid waste at residence e.g. Storage, conveying, compacting, Shredding, pulping, granulating etc., Processing of solid waste at Commercial and industrial site.

Block 4:Disposal of Municipal Solid Waste and Hazardous Solid Waste

Unit 10:Combustion and energy recovery of  solid waste
Combustion and energy recovery of municipal solid waste, effects of combustion, undesirable effects of Combustion. Landfill: Classification, planning, sitting, permitting, landfill processes, landfill design, landfill operation, use of old landfill. Differentiate sanitary land fill and incineration as final disposal system for solid waste.

Unit 11:Biochemical processes
Biochemical processes: Methane generation by anaerobic digestion, composting and other biochemical Processes.

Unit 12: Hazardous solid waste
Definition, identification and classification of hazardous solid waste. Characteristics: Hazardous waste toxicity, reactivity, infectiousness, flammability, radioactivity, corrosiveness, irritation, bio-concentration, genetic activity, explosiveness.

SKILL BASED PROGRAMS

UGSSC-01
Microsoft Office and Internet

Microsoft Windows:
Windows Fundamentals:
Basic elements, parts of a windows, Types of Icons, Basic Techniques for working in
windows, Menus.

Managing the File System:
Switching between Directory windows, changing view of the Directory window,
changing Drives and Directories working with files and directories, Managing floppy
Disks.

Printing in Windows:
Activating print Manager, Printing using print Manager, Pausing and Resuming  Printing.

Windows Accessories:
Write, Paintbrush,

Microsoft Word:
MS-Word Basics:
Starting the world screen, word document.

Unit-02           Typing and Editing:
                        Typing and Revising text, finding and Replaceing, Editing and proofing tools.

Unit-03           Formatting Text:
Formatting Text Characters, Paragraph, Document Templates.

Unit-04           Page Design and Layout:
                        Page Setup, tables

Unit-05           Mail Merge:
                        Mail Merge.

Unit-06           Document Management:
                        Opening, Saving and Protecting documents, finding documents, printing a
document,

Microsoft Excel:
Introduction to Excel:
            Excel Basic, Worksheets, within workbook, Enter and Edit Data, Range Names,
Navigate, Worksheet, Search and Replace Data, Save and Protect work book.

Formatting and Print worksheet :
Page setup, Colum width and Row Height, Fonts, Alignments, Numbers.
Customising Workplace :
Excel Windows, Worksheet at different Magnifications, Using custom Controls,
Calculations in worksheet :
Formula Basic Functions

Charts :
            Chart types Editing charts

Database Power of Excel :
Database Concepts, Creating database, Adding Records, Deleting Records, Editing Records, Sorting a database.

Microsoft PowerPoint:
Presentation Graphics :
            Business Graphics, Types of Business Graphics, Physical Aspects of Presentation.

Introducing Power Point :
Power point views, The Power Point Window.

Creating a Presentation :
Create a title Slide, creating a graph create tables Make organization charts, Save and
Close a presentation Change Slide layout, Slide Show.
 
Customizing the Slide show :
            Create a blank presentation, working with text, change fonts, size and colour of text,
working with graphic tools Align Objects, Group or ungroup the objects.

Internet Awareness :
Internet : An Overview:
            Internet, DNS, Host/Terminal, Connections, Individual Computer TCP/IP Link,
Dedicated Link Connections, Tools and Services on Internet, Usenet and Newsgroups,
Transferring Files with Ftp, Browsing the Internet.

Internet Tools :
E-mail, FTP, Telnet.

Browsers :
            Netscape Navigator Search Engines, NCSA Mosaic, Microsoft, Internet Explorer.

Visiting websites:
Downloading, Examples, URL.

UGSSC-02
Introduction to Yoga and its Stream

योग एवं इसकी विधाआें का परिचय

भक्ति योग
भक्ति के लक्षण, ईष्वर का स्वरुप, भक्ति योग का ध्येय- प्रत्यक्षानुभूति, गुरु की आवष्यकता, षिष्य, अवतार, मन्त्र, प्रतिमा, उपासना, इष्ट निष्ठा, भक्ति के साधन। पराभक्ति - त्याग, भक्त का वैराग्य - प्रेमजन्य, भक्ति योग की स्वाभाविकता और उसका रहस्य, भक्ति के अवस्था भेद, सार्वजनीय प्रेम पराविद्या और पराभक्ति, प्रेम, प्रेममय भगवान स्वयं अपना प्रभाव है, दैवी प्रेम की मानवी विवेचना।

कर्मयोग
कर्म का चरित्र पर प्रभाव। अपने अपने कार्यक्षेत्र में सब बड़े हैं। कर्म रहस्य, कर्त्तव्य क्या है। परोपकार से हमारा ही उपकार है। अनासक्ति ही पूर्ण आत्मत्याग है। मुक्ति । कर्मयोग का आदर्ष।

ज्ञानयोग
धर्म की आवष्यकता, मनुष्य का यथार्थ स्वरुप, माया और भ्रम, माया और ईष्वर धारणा का क्रम विकास, माया और मुक्ति, ब्रह्नम, एवं जगत, सभी वस्तुओं में ब्रह्मदर्षन, अपरोज्ञानुभूति, बहुत्व में एकत्व, आत्मा का मुक्त स्वभाव, विष्व : बृहत ब्रहमाण्ड, विष्व : सूक्ष्म ब्रहमाण्ड, अमरत्व, आत्मा, आत्मा : उसके बन्धन तथा मुक्ति, मुनष्य का सत्य और अभासमय स्वरुप, सन्यासी का गीत।

राजयोग
साधना के प्राथमिक सोपान, प्राण, प्राण का अध्यात्मिक रूप, आध्यात्मिक प्राण का संयम, प्रत्याहार और धारणा, ध्यान और समाधि, संक्षिप्त राजयोग। समाधिपाद, साधनापाद, विभूतिपाद कैवल्यपाद।

पुस्तकें-

  1. भक्तियोग लेखक - स्वामी विवेकानन्द
  2. कर्मयोग लेखक - स्वामी विवेकानन्द
  3. ज्ञान योग लेखक - स्वामी विवेकानन्द
  4. राजयोग लेखक - स्वामी विवेकानन्द

UGSSC-03
Medicinal Plants: Introduction and Significance
औषधीय पौधे : परिचय एवं महत्व

औषधीय पौधों का महत्व, प्रमुख औषधीय पौधे (सफेद मूसली, अष्वगन्धा, सर्पगन्धा एवं सतावर) की प्रजातियों, खेती करने का तरीका, व्यवसायिक महत्व, आय-व्यय की आर्थिकी औषधीय पौधों का महत्व एवं आवष्यक जानकारी:

औषधीय पौधों का महत्व, औषधियों पौधों पर अनुसंधान का महत्व, पादपजन्य औषधियों पर खोज कार्य, स्वतंत्रता के बाद औषधीय पौधों की स्थिति, जलवायु की अनुकूलता, एलोपैथिक पद्धति में प्रयोग किये जा रहे कुछ महत्वपूर्ण पौधे, सम्यक जानकारी की आवष्यकता, विक्रय की व्यवस्था पहले से सुनिष्चित कर लें, बीजों का चयन, क्षेत्र की जलवायु तथा मिट्टी के अनुसार पौधो का चयन, पर्यावरण सुधार तथा मानव हित को सर्वोपरि मान कर चलें, राजस्व अभिलेखों की लिखित सूचना दें।

औषधीय खेती में जैविक पद्धति का महत्व तथा इससे जुड़ी विभिन्न विधायें
जैविक पद्धति की उपयोगिता, औषधीय पौधों की खेती के संदर्भ में जैविक पद्धति का महत्व, जैविक पद्धति की प्रमुख विधाएं, बायोडायनामिक (जैवगतिकीय) पद्धतियां जैविक खेती के मार्ग की प्रमुख बाधाएं।

सोने की जड़ों वाली औषधीय फसल: सफेद मूसली
सफेद मूसली की विभिन्न प्रजातियाॅ, किस्में, औषधीय उपयोग, मूसली की खेती: आवष्यकता, खेती कैसे करें, उपयुक्त भूमि, पानी की आवष्यकता, प्रमुख लाभ, खेत की तैयारी, वेडस बनाना, प्रयुक्त होने वाला बीज अथवा प्लाटिंग मेटेरियल, जंगल से प्राप्त किये जाने वाले बीज, मूसली बिजाई, प्रमुख बीमारियां तथा प्राकृतिक आपदाएं पौधे/ कन्द:उखाड़ना, धुलाई, छिलाई सुखाना, पैकिंग, बीजों का संग्रहण मूसली का उत्पादन तथा अनुमानित लाभ, अष्वगंधा: औषधीय उपयोग, खेती की विधि, जीवन चक्र, उपयुक्त जलवायु, भूमि का प्रकार, किस्मं, रसायनिक संरचना, बिजाई से पूर्व खेत की तैयारी तथा विधि, पौधों का विरलन, नियंत्रण, खाद, बिमारियां तथा रोग, सिंचाई, फसल का पकना तथा जड़ों की खुदाई (हारवेस्टिंग), आर्थिक पहलू।

अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर भारत को प्रतिष्ठा दिलाने वाला पौध सर्पगन्धा।
सर्पगन्धा: रसायनिक संरचना, औषधीय उपयोग, खेती की विधि, उपयुक्त जलवायु, उपयुक्त मिट्टी उन्नत प्रजातियां, बिजाई की विधि, खेत की तैयारी, सिंचाई व्यवस्था, अतंवर्तीय फसल, प्रमुख रोग तथा बिमारियां, फसल की वृद्धि तथा परिपक्वता, जड़ें उखाड़नें में विषेष सावधानियाँ, खेती से कुछ प्राप्तियाँ, आय-व्यय का विवरण।

औषधीय उपयोग का महत्वपूर्ण पौधों का सतावर-सतावर की प्रमुख किस्में, औषधीय उपयोग, कृषि तकनीक: जलवायु, मिट्टी, बिजाई की विधि, नर्सरी अथवा पौधषाला बनाने की विधि, खेत की तैयारी, पौधों की रोपाई, आरोहण की व्यवस्था, खरपतवार नियंत्रण तथा निराई गुड़ाई की व्यवस्था, सिंचाई की व्यवस्था, फसल का पकना अथवा फसल की परिपक्वता, जड़ों की खुदाई तथा उपज की प्राप्ति, कुल उत्पादन फसल से प्राप्तियाॅ, व्यय तथा लाभ।

UGSSC-04 – Diet Therapy
Your Food and Its Utilization 

Make the Nutritional Needs of Body.
            Food, Nutrition and Nutritional Status
            Recommended Dietary Intakes for Indians
            Daily Food Guide and Balanced Diet.

Assimilation of Food and Effect on Growth and Activity
            Assimilation of Food into the body
            Growth Pattern and Nutritional Requirements
            Malnutrition and Health
            Food Energy, Activity Pattern and Body weight

Nutrition of the Mother and Child
            Nutrition through the Life Cycle – Pregnancy and Foetal Growth
            Nutrition through the Life Cycle – Infancy
            Nutrition through the Life Cycle – Preschool age.

Nutrition from school age to old age:
            Nutrition through the Life Cycle – The School age
            Nutrition through the Life Cycle – Adolescence.
            Nutrition through the Life Cycle – Adulthood.
            Nutrition through the Life Cycle – Old Age

Nutritional Status, Food Habits and Food Misconceptions.
            Assessment of Nutritional Status
            Our Food Habits
            Food Misinformation

UGSSC-05
जनस्वास्थ्य और स्वाच्छतासार्वजनिक स्वास्थ्य एवं स्वास्थ्य विज्ञान
Public Health and Hygiene

स्वास्थ्य सूचक

  • Unit -01 जनसंख्या गतिकी और ज्ञान पदि रोग विज्ञान
  • Unit -02 परिवार नियोजन कार्यक्रम
  • Unit -03 स्वास्थ्य और जीवन स्तर संबंधी एषियाई परिपेक्ष्य


पर्यावरणीय स्वच्छता और सुरक्षा

  • Unit -04 सदंूषण के कारक
  • Unit -05 जल आपूर्ति एवं कूड़े का निपटान
  • Unit -06 व्यक्गित स्वच्छता
  • Unit -07 गृह एवं सार्वजनिक सुरक्षा

रोग की आहार व्यवस्था

  • Unit -08 रोग में आहार: मूलभूत सिद्धान्त
  • Unit -09 पोषण संबंधी विसंगतियों और संबंधित समस्याओं की आहार व्यवस्था
  • Unit -10 गैर पोषणमूलक मूल की विसंगतियों की आहार व्यवस्था


खाद्य-जन्य रोग, खाद्य संक्रमण तथा मादकताए

  • Unit -11 सामान्य खाद्य जन्य रोग - I
  • Unit -12 सामान्य खाद्य जन्य रोग - II
  • Unit -13 परजीवी ग्रसन
  • Unit -14 खाद्य संक्रमण तथा मादकताएं


सामान्य संक्रमण रोग

  • Unit -15 खसरा, क्षयरोग तथा काली खाँसी
  • Unit -16 डिप्थीरिया, टिटनेस तथा पोलिया
  • Unit -17 मलेरिया
  • Unit -18 त्वचा, आँख तथा कान के संक्रमण

स्वास्थ्य और संबद्ध मुद्दे

  • Unit -19 प्राथमिक स्वास्थ्य देखभाल - I अवधारणा और संगठन
  • Unit -20 प्राथमिक स्वास्थ्य देखभाल - II भारत में वर्तमान स्थिति
  • Unit -21 प्राथमिक स्वास्थ्य देखभाल - III सेवाओं का वितरण
  • Unit -22 स्वास्थ्य कार्यक्रम
  • Unit -23 आय सृजन संबंधी कार्यक्रम
  • Unit -24 पर्यावरण प्रतिरक्षण

प्रायोगिक नियमावली: भाग -II

UGSSC-06
Programming and Problem Solving Using ‘C’

Introduction
Introductory:
            An Overview of C, Escape sequence, Getting A “feel” for C.

Data types in ‘C’
            Variables of types (out char, float, double,); Enumerated type, the typed-of statement,
identifiers.

Operators and Expressions Inc.
            Elementary Arithmetic Operations and Operators, Expression, L Values and P Values,
Promotion and Demotion of Variables types: The cast operator, print f() functions.

Decision Structure in ‘C’
            Boolean operators and Expression The go to statement, the if (), Statement, he if ()- else
statement.
Control Structures-I
            The do – while () and while Loops, the Comma Operator, the transfer of Central from
within loops, Ternary, operator, The Switch case default statement.
Programming in C
Control Structure II
            ‘The for (;;) loop, unidimensional Arrays, The Size of operator, storage classless and
scope.
Painters and Arrays:
Pointer variables and pointer Arithmetic, Pointers Arrays and the subscript operator, A
digression on Scan f(), Multidiensional Arrays.
Functions:
            Functions Prototypes and Declarations, Functions and Scope, Pointers as Function
Arguments, String Functions, Multi Dimentional Arrays as function Arguments.
Functions II
Recursive functions, Macros, conditional Compilations, Macros with Parameters,
Command, Line Arguments, Variables Length Argument Lists, Complicated Declarations, Dynamic Memory Allocation.
Files and Structs, Unions and Bit-Fields
            Files and File 70, Structs, the DOT Operator, Extructs and files: f seek (), Structs and
Function and Unions, The Bitwise Operators.
Data Structures:
Introduction to Data Structures : Array
Programme Analysis, Arrays, Array Declaration, Storage
Lists :
            Basic Terminology, Static Implementation of lists, Pointer implementation of lists,
Doubly linked lists, circular linked list, Storage Allocation, Storage Pools, Garbage
Collection, Fragmentation, Relocation and Compaction.

Stacks and Queues:
Defining stack and Queue, stck oerations and implementations, stack Applications
Queues: Operations, and Implementation, Queue Application priority Queues.
Graphs
            Defining Graph, Basic Terminology, Graph Representation, Graph traversal (DFS,BFS)
shortest path problem, Minimum Spanning tree.
Trees and File Organisation:
Trees
            Basic Terminology, Binary, Tree, Traversals of a Binary, tree Binary search trees (BST).
AVL-Tree and B-Tree
            Height Balance tree, Building Height Balanced tree, B- Tree, B-Tree of Order 5.
Files:
            Terminology, File organization, sequential files, Direct File organization, Indexed
Sequential file organization.
Searching and Sorting Techniques:
Searching Techniques:
                        Sequential Search, Binary Search,
Sorting Techniques-I
            Internal Sort (Insertion Sort, Bubble Sort, Quick Sort, Way Merge Sort Heap Sort),
Sorting on Several Keys.
Sorting Techniques- II
            Data Storage (Magnetic Tapes, Disks), Sorting with Disks, K-Way merging, Buffering,

Sorting, With Tapes.

UGSSC-07
Fundamentals of Computer and IT

Introduction to Computer:
Computer Basics:
Characteristics of Computer, Application of Computer.
Basic Components of Computers:
Components of Computer, CPU, Memory, Keyboard, Mouse, VDU, Printers, RAM,
ROM, CD-ROM, Hardware  and Software
Classification of Computer:
Analog, Digital Hybrid Computer, General purpose, Special Computer, Micro Mini,
Mainframe Computer, Super Computers, Desktop, Laptop, Palmtop.
Representation of Data/ Information :
Information Technology, Data, information, Data processing, Characteristics of
information, Scope of information, Basic data types.
Basic of Digital Electronics:
Digital Number System:
Number System, Decimal System, Binary System, Octal System, Hexadecimal System, Code Conversion, Binary Code,  8421Code/BCD Code, 2421 Code, 5211 Code, Reflective Code, Sequential Codes, Non weighted Codes, Gray Code, Error Detecting and Correction Codes, ASCII Code, EBCDIC Code Floating Numbers.
Digital Logic Gates:
Gate. AND, OR, NOT, BUF, NAND, NOR, XOR, XNOR, Universal Gates.
Simplification of Boolean Functions:
Karnaugh Maps, Minimization techniques upto 5 variable K-map, Inverse function.
Digital Combinational Circuit:
Decoders, Encodes, Priority Encoder, Multiplexer, DeMultiplexer, Boolean Function, Implementation, Mux-Demux Application Example.
Sequential Circuits:
Concept of Sequential logic, Asynchronous Sequential Circuit, Synchronous Sequential Circuits, Latces and Flip Flops, RS, JK Latch, JK Master Slave Flip-Flop, Sequential Circuits Design.
Memory System:
Introduction of Memories System:
Memory Cell, Block diagram of Memory Cell Memory locations and address, Memory Operations, Memory Hierarchy.
Main Memories:
Semi-conductor RAM Memories, Static Memories, Dynamic RAM, Performance Measure, SDRAM, ROM, Flash Memory, Speed, Sigze and Cast of Memory,
Secondary Storage Memories:
Cache Memories, Performance Consideration, virtual Memories, Demand Paging.
Microprocessor:
Introduction to Microprocessor:
Evolution, Introduction and Characteristics of Microprocessor Systems, Microprocessors Register Structure, ALU, Timing and Control Unit, CPU, Memory, Input/ Output, Hardware, Software and firmware, Machine, Language, Assembly language, High Level language.
8085 Microprocessor:
Architecture, Software Model, Functions and Operations, Instruction and Data format, Opcode format, Data transfer Instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Addressing Mode of 8085.
16-Bit Microprocessor:
Architecture, Bus interface unit, Execution Unit, Register Organization, Memory Segmentation, Software Model of 8086, 8088 Microprocessor.
Advanced Microprocessors and Micro Controllers:
Introduction to 32 bit and 64 bit Microprocessors, The 80386. Microprocessor, The 80486 Microprocessor, Pentium Processor, Motorola 68XXX Processors, Microcontrollers.

UGSSC-08
 Computer Network and Security Maintenance

Network Basics:
Introduction:
            Networking, Need, Advantages and Types,

Network Topologies:
Terminology, Bus Topology, Ring Topology, Star topology, Hybrid Network Topology.

Network Protocols, Hardware and Software:
Networking Protocols, Standards, Network Hardware, Internetwork and Network Software.

Networking Design and Configuration:
Networking components/ Configurations, Directions Procedure.
 
Transmission and Network Elements:
Signal Transmission:
Terminology, Data transmission, Connection- oriented and Connectionless Transmissions, Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission, Transmission Media, Analog Signals.

OSI Reference Model:
Terminology, The OSI Model,

Ethernet:
Terminology, Ethernet Origins, Ethernet Configuration, Ethernet communication, Ethernet collision, Ethernet Frames, Fames Types.

Network and Devices:
Token Ring Architecture, Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI), Token Ring Study, ATM, Connectivity Devices, Transceivers, Repeaters, Hubs, Media Dependent Adapter, Internetworking Devices, Gateways

Internet Connectivity:
The Internet:
Usage, Architecture of the Internet, IP, TCP/IP Reference Model, Unified Networks.
 
The Internet Services:
E-Mail, Remote Login, ISPs, Message transfer, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), Telnet, Leased line.

ISDN & Bridge-Routers:
ISDN, NFAS, Advantages of ISDN, Interfaces, Physical layer Protocols, 2BIQ, Link layer Protocols, Bridge Routers.

ISP Connectivity:
Internet service Provider (ISP), ISP Connection Options, DSL, Cable Modem, DSL, SHDSL, Broadband Access, Dynamic DNS.

Installation and Administration:
Network Operating Systems:
Terminology, Network Operating System, Windows for Workgroups/ Windows 95/Windows NT server, UNIX/LINUX, MAC OS Apple Share.

World Wide Web & Client Server Model:
www, architecture of www.

Network Planning and Management:
Quality of service analysis, Propagation Delay, Response Time, Throughput Workload, Network, Maintenance and Management, Network Management Tools.
Network Security:
Cyptography, Encryption, Authentication, Firewalls, Proxy Servers, Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).

UGSSC-09
Agriculture and Environment

Block-1-Environment- Agriculture Relationship.
Unit-01 – The Evolution of Agriculture- Agriculture in the Pre-Industrial Era, Emergence of Agriculture, Development of Agriculture up to the Media Ages, Agriculture in the Post-Industrial Era, Modern Agriculture
Unit -02 – Agro-Ecosystems- Concept of Agro-ecosystems, Agro-ecosystem versus Natural Ecosystems, Types of Agro-ecosystem, Components and Interactions of an Agro- ecosystem, Structure of Agro-ecosystem, Processes and Function, Factors Affecting the Structure and Functions, Agro- climatic Zones
Unit-03 – Impact of Agriculture on Environment- Impact of Natural Resources, Pollution, Land Degradation, Water Resources, Biodiversity Erosion, Pesticide Residues, Impact on Climate Change, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrous Oxide
Unit-04 – Impact of Environment on Agriculture- Environmental Stresses, Climate Change and Agriculture, changes in Temperature, Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, Ozone Hole and Ultraviolet Radiations
Unit-05 – Sustainability : The New Paradigm- Concept of Sustainability, Parameters of Sustainable Agriculture, Sustainability Indicators, Water, Socio-economic Factors, Approaches for Sustainable Agriculture

Block- 2- Agro-Environmental Resources : Issues & Challenges
Unit-06 Land- Land Use Dynamics, Biophysical Factors, Socio-economic Factors, Challenges for Sustainable Land Use, Land Degradation, Soil Erosion, Soil Health, Problem Soils.
Unit – 07 Water- The Hydrological Cycle, Water Resources Agriculture, Water Stress Conditions, Floods, Water Logging, Drought and Agriculture, Water Quality, Water Quality Evaluation for Agriculture, Water Quality for Crop Production, Management Practices, Watershed Management, Watershed Management Plan, Challenges and Opportunities in Watershed Management.  
Unit – 08 Biodiversity- Components of Biodiversity, Species Diversity, Ecosystem Diversity, Importance, Importance of Biodiversity for Agriculture, Loss of Biodiversity : Threat to Agriculture, Monoculture, Use of Pesticide, Deforestation, Impact of Climate Change, Agriculture Diversification, Conservation of Biodiversity, Integration of Conservation and Sustainable Agriculture, Merging of Agriculture and Biodiversity Goals in Habitats, Ex Situ Conservation, Addressing Policies Paradigms and Protecting Rights.
Unit – 09 Energy- The Energy Scenario in Agriculture, Agriculture as a Consumer of Energy, Agriculture as Producer of Energy, Renewable Energy Resources, Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Bio Energy, Socio- economic Aspects of Energy in Rural Areas, Energy Conservation and Management.
Unit – 10 Off- farm Inputs- Fertilizers and Chemicals, Types of Plants Nutrients and their Sources, Pollution due to Fertilizers, Chemicals: Diesel, Petrol, and Natural Gas, Pesticides, Types of Pesticides Environmental Impact  Pesticides, Farm Machinery, Agriculture Operations and Farm Implements, Farm Machinery and The Environment, Off- farm Inputs and Air Quality

Block-3 Strategies For Eco-Friendly Agriculture
Unit-11 Integrated Resources Management- Soil, Water and Energy Management, Making the Best Use of Land, Land Grading, Salt-Laden Soils and Water, Soil Erosion, Dry Farming, Managing Water Resources, Drainage, Energy Management, Nutrient Management, Concept of nutrient Management, Restoring Soil Fertility, Biodiversity Management, Conservation Maintenance and Use Approach, Integrated Management Strategies.
Unit-12 Integrated Farming Systems- Farming System, Concept of Farming System, Organic Farming Scenario, Benefits of Organic Farming, Organic Farming-Biodiversity Linkages
Unit-13 Integrated Disease- Pest and Weed Management- What is Integrated Pest Management?, Concept of IPM, Goals, Future of IPM, From Traditional Pest Control to the IPM Era, Components of IPM, Preventive/ Cultural Control, Mechanical Control, Chemical Control, Biological Control, Pest Modeling and Remote Sensing, Legislative Control, IPM Initiatives, Community based IPM Approach – Farmer Field School, Examples From Around the World
Unit-14 Society and Agriculture- Infrastructure Development, Policy Support, Institutional Capacity Building, People’s Participation : Some Case Studies

Block-4 Towards A Greener Future-
Unit-15 Imperatives- Food Security, Ecological Security, Technology Transfer and Technologies for Resource Poor Farmers.
Unit-16 New Technologies- Biotechnology in Agriculture, Space, Information and Communication Technologies in Agriculture, What is Post Harvest Technology?. Post Harvest Technology and Their Preventions.
Unit- 17 Agricultural Waste Management- Use of Crop Residues, Improvement in Soil Properties and crop residues, Competitive Use of Crop Residues, Economy through recycling, composting, Vermicomposting, Reducing Post Harvest Wastage
Unit-18 Alternatives Agriculture- Components of Alternative Agriculture, Livestock, Bee-keeping, Sericulture, Lac Cultivation, Aquaculture, Poultry, Agro-forestry, Strategic Options, Social Forestry, Plantation Crop, Coconut, Arecanut or Betelnut, Cashewnut, Cocoa, Rubber, Tea, Herbal and Medicinal Plants, Agri-Processing, Food Preservation Methods, Technology Development in Agro-Processing. 

UGSSC-10
Energy and Environment

Block-1-Energy and Environment: Current Concern
Unit-01- Energy and Development/ The Energy Economy- Role of Energy in Economic Growth,  Relationship between Economic Growth and Sustainability, Learning Outcomes, Knowledge, Skill, Energy Demand of Growing Population, Energy Demand in Industrialization, Energy Demand in Asian Developing Economics, Earth’s Energy Resources Bases, Carrying Capacity of Earth.
Unit-02 – Energy Consumption- Pattern of Energy Consumption, World Energy Demand and Future Projection, Energy Units and the Growth of Electricity Consumption.
Unit-03 – Energy Production Technologies- Renewable and Nonrenewable Sources of Energy, Hydel (Hydroelectric) Power
Unit-04 – Environmental Impact of Energy Production and Use- Climate Change and Global Warming, Deforestation and Its Impact on Global Warming, Problem of Mega Dam, Nuclear Hazards and Impact of Globalization
Unit-05 – The North South Debate- Issues of Desperate Needs and Consumption, Global Agreements and Arrangements.

Block-2- Energy Policy, Planning and Administration
Unit-06 Energy Policy and Administration- Aspects of Energy and Environmental Policies, Interrelationship between Energy, Environment and Development
Unit-07 Policy Issues in Energy Use and Environmental Planning- Main-Stream Approaches to Energy Use and Environmental Planning, Models of Energy and Environment, Issues of Energy and Environment
Unit-08 Political Economy of Energy and the Environment- Political Economy of Energy, Complexity of Society in Environmental Relationship, Energy Consumption and Its Historical Events
Unit-09 Energy Policy Alternatives- Alternative Energy Policy, Energy Policy for a Sustainable World

Block-3- Economics of Energy and Environment
Unit-10 Economic Approaches to Energy Problem- Introduction to Energy and Environmental Economics, Economic Approaches to Energy Problem,
Unit-11 Micro-Economic Perspective and Macro Linkage- Economic of Demand and Supply of Energy, Marco Linkage of Energy and Economy, Economics of Climate Change
Unit-12 Social Control of Energy- Public Policies Related to Energy Facilities Development, Initiatives in Control of Energy, Energy Conservation : Home Energy Saving, Energy and the Poor.

Block-4- Energy, Sustainability and Environment
Unit-13 Renewable Energy Resources and Technologies- Renewable Energy – Solar and Wind, Renewable Energy- Bio-mass and Small Hydro, Renewable Energy Resources and Technologies, Advantages of Renewable over Conventional Technologies
Unit-14 Energy Services and Efficiency Improvement- Energy Services : Linking Supply and Demand, Energy Efficiency Improvement- Supply Side, Energy Efficiency Improvement- Demand- Side, Energy Conservation- Use of Energy Efficient Appliances and Building

Unit-15 Sustainable Energy for Clean Environment- Changing Existing Patterns of Energy Use, ‘Cleaning-up’ of Fossil and Nuclear Technologies, Switching to Renewable Energy Sources, Future Energy Scenarios

UGSSC-11
Environment and Development

Block-1-Environment and Its Component.
            Unit-01 Introduction to Environment
            Unit-02 Structure of the Earth
            Unit-03 Lithosphere
            Unit-04 Hydrosphere
            Unit-05 Atmosphere
            Unit-06 Biosphere

Block-2-Development Perspectives for the Developing Countries.
            Unit-01 What is Development
            Unit-02 Special Economic Challenges
            Unit-03 Ecological Economics

Block-3-Importance & Practice of Resource Management for Sustainable Development.
            Unit-01 Sustainable Resource Management
            Unit-02 Conservation or Preservation

Block-4-Role of Major Groups in the Protection of Environment for Development.
            Unit-01 International Organizations
            Unit-02 UN Special Bodies/ Functional Commissions/ Regional Commissions
            Unit-03 The Function and Role of International Organizations
            Unit-04 Role of Non- Governmental Organizations
            Unit-05 International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Block-5-Environment Law and Measures to Protect Environment for Development.
            Unit-01 Basic Instruments of International Environmental Law
            Unit-02 The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
            Unit-03 Environmental Policy and Enforcement of Legal Mechanism
            Unit-04 Environmental Education and Training
            Unit-05 Environmental Ethics

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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